EPPO Global Database

Euwallacea fornicatus sensu lato(XYLBFO)

Hosts

Important note about the classification of host plants in GD:
Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to a qualitative evaluation of the importance of the host plant for the pest concerned and remain indicative only.
Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Acacia auriculiformis (ACAAF) Host
* Thu PQ, Quang DN, Chi NM, Hung TX, Binh LV, Dell B (2021) New and emerging insect pest and disease threats to forest plantations in Vietnam. Forests 12, 1301. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12101301
Acacia crassicarpa (ACAKS) Host
* Lynn KMT, Wingfield MJ, Duran A, Marincowitz S, Oliveira LSS, de Beer ZW, Barnes I (2020) Euwallacea perbrevis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), a confirmed pest on Acacia crassicarpa in Riau, Indonesia, and a new fungal symbiont; Fusarium rekanum sp. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 113, 803–823.
Acacia longifolia (ACALO) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Acacia mangium (ACAMG) Host
* Thu PQ, Quang DN, Chi NM, Hung TX, Binh LV, Dell B (2021) New and emerging insect pest and disease threats to forest plantations in Vietnam. Forests 12, 1301. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12101301
Acacia mearnsii (ACAMR) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Acacia melanoxylon (ACAME) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Acacia stenophylla (ACAST) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Acer buergerianum (ACRBU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.

* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- Reproductive host.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Acer caudatifolium (ACRCF) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Acer davidii (ACRDA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Acer macrophyllum (ACRMA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).
Acer negundo (ACRNE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Acer palmatum (ACRPA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Acer paxii (ACRPX) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Acer saccharinum (ACRSA) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Acer x freemanii (ACRFE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Adansonia digitata (AADDI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Aesculus californica (AECCA) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Afrocarpus falcatus (PODFA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Afrocarpus gracilior (PODGR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Afzelia quanzensis (AFZQU) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Ailanthus altissima (AILAL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Alangium chinense (ALNCH) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Albizia adianthifolia (ALBAD) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Albizia julibrissin (ALBJU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Albizia kalkora (ALBKA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Alectryon excelsus (AEYEX) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Alnus incana (ALUIN) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Alnus rhombifolia (ALURH) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Aloysia virgata (ALYVI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Anisodontea scabrosa (AODSC) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Arbutus unedo (ARDUN) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana (AHPCU) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Baccharis salicifolia (BACSF) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Banksia saxicola (BANSA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Bauhinia galpinii (BAUGA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Bauhinia purpurea (BAUPU) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Bauhinia variegata (BAUVA) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Bauhinia x blakeana (BAUBL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Betula alnoides (BETAN) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Betula pendula (BETPE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Bischofia javanica (BIHTR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Bombax ceiba (BOMCE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Bougainvillea (1BOUG) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Brachychiton acerifolius (BYHAC) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Brachychiton australis (BYHAU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Brachychiton discolor (BYHDI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host in South Africa

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Brachychiton populneus (BYHPO) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Brachychiton rupestris (BYHRU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Brachylaena discolor (BWBDI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Brahea armata (EYHAR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Broussonetia papyrifera (BRNPA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Brownea sp. (BWNSS) Host
* Beaver RA, Liu LY (2010) An annotated synopsis of Taiwanese bark and ambrosia beetles, with new synonymy, new combinations and new records (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Zootaxa 2602, 1-47.
Buddleia saligna (BUDSL) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Bursera hindsiana (BUEHI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Butia capitata (BUJCA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Callistemon salignus (CLXSA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Calodendrum capense (CDDCA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Calpurnia aurea (KQIAU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Camellia japonica (CAHJA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Camellia reticulata (CAHRE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Camellia semiserrata (CAHSE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Camellia sinensis (CAHSI) Host
* Beaver RA, Liu LY (2010) An annotated synopsis of Taiwanese bark and ambrosia beetles, with new synonymy, new combinations and new records (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Zootaxa 2602, 1-47.
------- As Camellia thea.

* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Camptotheca acuminata (CPWAC) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Carya illinoinensis (CYAIL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Cascabela thevetioides (KBLTH) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Cassia brewsteri (CASBR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Castanopsis fargesii (CSOFA) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Castanospermum australe (CSRAU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Casuarina cunninghamiana (CSUCU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Casuarina equisetifolia (CSUEQ) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Catalpa speciosa (CTLSP) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Cedrus atlantica (CEUAT) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ceiba pentandra (CEIPE) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Celtis africana (CETAF) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Chionanthus retusus (CIORE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Chiranthodendron pentadactylon (KHIPE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Chorisia speciosa (CRKSP) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Chukrasia tabularis (KRZTA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Cinnamomum camphora (CINCA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Citrus limon (CIDLI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Citrus sinensis (CIDSI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Cleyera japonica (CKYJA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Cocculus laurifolius (COULA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Cocculus orbiculatus (COUOR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Combretum erythrophyllum (COGER) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Combretum kraussii (COGKR) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Commiphora harveyi (COQHA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Cordia caffra (CRHCA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Cornus controversa (CRWCO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Corylus colurna (CYLCO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Corymbia ficifolia (EUCFI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Crinodendron patagua (KRDPA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Cunonia capensis (CUQCA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Cupaniopsis anacardioides (CJQAN) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Cussonia spicata (CUZSP) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Dalbergia delavayi (CLQSI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Dalbergia odorifera (DAGOD) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Delonix regia (DEXRE) Host
* Haack RA (2006) Exotic bark- and wood-boring Coleoptera in the United States: recent establishments and interceptions. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36, 269–288.
Diospyros dichrophylla (DOSDP) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Diospyros glabra (DOSGL) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Diospyros kaki (DOSKA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Diospyros lycioides (DOSLY) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Diospyros whyteana (DOSWH) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Dombeya cacuminum (DBYCC) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Dombeya rotundifolia (DBYRO) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Dovyalis caffra (DOVCA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Dracaena draco (DRNDR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ekebergia capensis (EKECA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Eriobotrya japonica (EIOJA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Erythrina americana (ERZAM) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Erythrina caffra (ERZCA) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Erythrina corallodendron (ERZCO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Erythrina crista-galli (ERZCG) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Erythrina falcata (ERZFA) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Erythrina folkersii (ERZFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Erythrina humeana (ERZHU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Erythrina livingstoniana (ERZLI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Erythrina lysistemon (ERZLY) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host in South Africa

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Erythrina variegata (ERZVA) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Erythrina x sykesii (ERZSY) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Eucalyptus camaldulensis (EUCCM) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Eucalyptus cinerea (EUCCN) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Eucalyptus froggattii (EUCFG) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Eucalyptus kitsoniana (EUCKI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Eucalyptus perriniana (EUCPE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Eucalyptus polyanthemos (EUCPT) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Eucalyptus torquata (EUCTO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Fagus crenata (FAUCR) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Fagus sylvatica (FAUSY) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Fatsia japonica (FATJA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ficus altissima (FIUAL) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Ficus benjamina (FIUBE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ficus carica (FIUCA) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Ficus macrophylla (FIUMA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ficus maxima (FIURA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ficus natalensis (FIUNA) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Ficus platypoda (FIUPL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ficus sur (FIUSU) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Firmiana simplex (FIRPL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Frangula californica (RHACA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Fraxinus americana (FRXAM) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Fraxinus excelsior (FRXEX) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Fraxinus uhdei (FRXUH) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Fraxinus velutina (FRXVE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Gleditsia triacanthos (GLITR) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Grewia occidentalis (GRWOC) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Gymnosporia buxifolia (GYOBU) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Hakea salicifolia (HKASA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Halleria lucida (HLRLU) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Handroanthus impetiginosus (HDSIM) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Harpephyllum caffrum (HRLCA) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Harpullia arborea (HPWAR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Harpullia pendula (HPWPE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Hauya elegans subsp. cornuta (HUYEC) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Heliocarpus donnellsmithii (HJCDO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Hevea brasiliensis (HVEBR) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (HIBRS) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Howea forsteriana (HOWFO) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Hymenosporum flavum (HMSFL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ilex aquifolium (ILEAQ) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ilex cornuta (ILECN) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Ilex latifolia (ILELF) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ilex mitis (ILEMI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Inga feuillei (INGFE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Jacaranda mimosifolia (IACMI) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Juglans mandshurica (IUGMN) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Juglans nigra (IUGNI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Juniperus chinensis (IUPCH) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Juniperus virginiana (IUPVI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Keteleeria evelyniana (KETEV) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Kiggelaria africana (KGGAF) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Koelreuteria bipinnata (KOTBI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Koelreuteria elegans (KOTEL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Koelreuteria elegans subsp. formosana (KOTEF) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Leonotis leonurus (LEOLE) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Ligustrum compactum (LIGCO) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Liquidambar formosana (LIQFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Liquidambar styraciflua (LIQST) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host in South Africa

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Litchi chinensis (LIHCH) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Livistona chinensis (LIVCH) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Luehea divaricata (LUHDI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Lysiphyllum carronii (LYMCA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Macadamia (1MCDG) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Macadamia integrifolia (MCDIN) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Machilus thunbergii (PEBTH) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Magnolia delavayi (MAGDE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Magnolia doltsopa (MIADO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Magnolia grandiflora (MAGGR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host in South Africa

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Magnolia virginiana (MAGVI) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Magnolia x soulangeana (MAGSO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Magnolia x veitchii (MAGVE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Mallotus barbatus (MLLBA) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Malus domestica (MABSD) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Malus floribunda (MABFB) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Manihot esculenta (MANES) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Melaleuca viminalis (CLXVI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Melia azedarach (MEIAZ) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Melianthus major (MEHMA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Metasequoia glyptostroboides (MEQGL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Morus alba (MORAL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Morus nigra (MORNI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Myrsine melanophloeos (MYNME) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Nuxia floribunda (NUXFL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Olea europaea (OLVEU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Olea europaea subsp. africana (OLVEA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Olinia ventosa (OLBVE) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Osmanthus fragrans (OSUFR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Osteospermum moniliferum (CSMMO) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Parasenegalia visco (QSNVI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Parkinsonia aculeata (PAKAC) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).
Parkinsonia florida (CCIFL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Parkinsonia x sonorae (PAKSO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Persea americana (PEBAM) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host in South Africa

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Peumus boldus (PWUBO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Phoebe cavaleriei (PBOCA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Photinia x fraseri (PHNFR) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Pinus densiflora (PIUDE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Pinus douglasiana (PIUDO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Pinus massoniana (PIUMA) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Pipturus argenteus (PPUAR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Pittosporum undulatum (PTUUN) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Platanus mexicana (PLTMX) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Platanus occidentalis (PLTOC) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Platanus orientalis (PLTOR) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Platanus racemosa (PLTRA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Platanus wrightii (PLTWR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Platanus x hispanica (PLTHY) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host (as Platanus x acerifolia)

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Plumeria rubra (PLIRU) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Podalyria calyptrata (PDYCA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Podocarpus henkelii (PODHK) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Populus alba (POPAL) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Populus fremontii (POPFR) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).
Populus nigra (POPNI) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).
Populus simonii (POPSM) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Populus trichocarpa (POPTC) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).
Populus x canescens (POPCN) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Prosopis articulata (PRCAT) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Protea mundii (PRWMU) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Prunus africana (PRNAF) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Prunus avium (PRNAV) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Prunus caroliniana (PRNCL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Prunus cerasifera (PRNCF) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Prunus cerasoides (PRNCS) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Prunus mume (PRNMM) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Prunus nigra (PRNNI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Prunus persica (PRNPS) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Prunus serrulata (PRNSL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Pseudobombax ellipticum (PBXEL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Pseudocydonia sinensis (PDCSI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Psidium guajava (PSIGU) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Psoralea aphylla (PSRAP) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Psoralea pinnata (PSRPI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Pterocarya stenoptera (PTFST) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Pyrus kawakamii (PYUKA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Quercus agrifolia (QUEAG) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Quercus alba (QUEAL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Quercus chrysolepis (QUECH) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Quercus engelmannii (QUEEG) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Quercus ilex (QUEIL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Quercus lobata (QUELO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).
Quercus macrocarpa (QUEMC) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Quercus mexicana (QUEMX) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Quercus palustris (QUEPA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Quercus robur (QUERO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host in South Africa

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Quercus rubra (QUERU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Quercus rugosa (QUERG) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Quercus suber (QUESU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Quercus virginiana (QUEVI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ricinus communis (RIICO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.

* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- Reproductive host in South Africa.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Robinia pseudoacacia (ROBPS) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Salix alba (SAXAL) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Salix babylonica (SAXBA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Salix gooddingii (SAXGO) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).
Salix laevigata (SAXLG) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).
Salix lasiolepis (SAXLL) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Susceptible reproductive host (infection may cause tree death).
Salix mucronata (SAXSF) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Saurauia tristyla (ZUUTR) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Schinus molle (SCIMO) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Schinus terebinthifolia (SCITE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Schleichera oleosa (SHHOL) Host
* Danthanarayana W (1968) The distribution and host-range of the shot-hole borer (Xyleborus fornicatus Eichh.) of tea. Tea Quarterly 39(3), 61-69 (abst.).
Schotia brachypetala (SHJBR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Searsia chirindensis (ZSACH) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Searsia lancea (RHULC) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Senegalia burkei (ACABK) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Senegalia galpinii (ACAGA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Senna racemosa (SJNRA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Senna racemosa var. liebmannii (SJNRL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Senna siamea (CASSM) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
------- As Cassia siamea.
Senna spectabilis (CASSP) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
--------- As Senna spectabilis var. spectabilis.
Solanum mauritianum (SOLMR) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Sparrmannia africana (SMNAF) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Spathodea campanulata (SPOCA) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Styphnolobium japonicum (SOBJA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Syzygium cordatum (SYZCD) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Tamarix ramosissima (TAAPE) Host
* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Taxodium distichum (TADDI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Theobroma cacao (THOCA) Host
* Li Y, Gu X, Kasson MT, Bateman CC, Guo J, Huang YT, Li Q, Rabaglia RJ, Hulcr J (2016) Distribution, host records, and symbiotic fungi of Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in China. Florida Entomologist 99(4), 801-804.
Tilia americana (TILAM) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Tipuana tipu (TIPTI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Trema orientale (TREOR) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host in South Africa

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Triadica sebifera (SAQSE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Trichilia emetica (TCIEM) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Ulmus alata (ULMAL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ulmus americana (ULMAM) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ulmus parvifolia (ULMPA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Ulmus procera (ULMPR) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Umbellularia californica (UMBCA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ungnadia speciosa (UNGSP) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Vachellia caven (VCHCA) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Vachellia karroo (ACAKA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Vachellia sieberiana (ACASI) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host in South Africa
Vachellia sieberiana var. woodii (ACASW) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Vepris lanceolata (VEPUN) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Verbesina gigantea (VEEGI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Vernicia fordii (ALEFO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Viburnum odoratissimum (VIBOD) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Virgilia divaricata (VIIDI) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Virgilia oroboides (VIICA) Host
* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Vitis vinifera (VITVI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Non-reproductive host in South Africa.
Voacanga thouarsii (VOGOB) Host
* List of Trees Impacted by Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (PHSB) in South Africa (2019-07) https://polyphagous-shot-hole-borer.co.za/pshb-tree-list-july-2019/
------- reproductive host in South Africa
Washingtonia filifera (WATFI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Wigandia urens (WIGUR) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Wisteria floribunda (WSTFL) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Wisteria sinensis (WSTSI) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* van Rooyen E, Paap T, de Beer W, Townsend G, Fell S, Nel WJ, Morgan S, Hill M, Gonzalez A, Roets F (2021) The polyphagous shot hole borer beetle: Current status of a perfect invader in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 117(11/12). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2021/9736
------- As Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto. Reproductive host in South Africa.
Xylosma congesta (XYOCO) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.

* University of California. Invasive shot hole borers. ISHB reproductive hosts. https://ucanr.edu/sites/pshb/pest-overview/ishb-reproductive-hosts/ (last accessed 2021-03)
-------- Reproductive host (infection usually causes branch dieback)
Zelkova serrata (ZELSE) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Zenia insignis (ZNIIN) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.
Ziziphus jujuba (ZIPJU) Host
* Eskalen A, Stouthamer R, Lynch SC, Rugman-Jones PF, Twizeyimana M, Gonzalez A, Thibault T (2013) Host range of Fusarium dieback and its ambrosia beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) vector in southern California. Plant Disease 97(7), 938-951.