EPPO Global Database

Olea europaea(OLVEU)

Code created in: 2004-04-17

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: OLVEU
  • Preferred name: Olea europaea
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Mediterranean region, Western Asia, China, Sudan to South Africa. Cultivated since ancient times for its fruits and the oil extracted from them. The wild form is subsp. sylvestris, while the many selected cultivated forms are subsp. europaea. Introduced in Malesia, Mexico, Argentina.

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Olea europaea subsp. europaea Linnaeus
Olea europaea var. europaea Linnaeus

Common names
Name Language
common olive English
olive English
Ölbaum German
Olive German
Olivenbaum German
olivier French
olivier d'Europe French
aceituna Spanish
olivera Spanish
olivo Spanish
olivo Italian
olivo Italian
ulivo Italian
olijf Dutch
olijfboom Dutch
oliveira Portuguese
olivträd Swedish
oriibu Japanese
オリーブ Japanese
маслина европейская Russian
олива европейская Russian
zeytin Turkish
zayit eiroppi Hebrew
זַיִת אֵירוֹפִּי Hebrew
זַיִת אֵירוֹפִּי Hebrew
drzewo oliwne Polish
oliwka europejska Polish
oliwka uprawna Polish
oliwnik europejski Polish
ulli Albanian
zaytûn Arabic
زيتون Arabic
aceituno Aragonese
olibera Aragonese
olivo Aragonese
olibondoa Basque
маслина Bulgarian
oliu Catalan
olivera Catalan
ullastre Catalan
ullatre Catalan
yóu gǎn lǎn Chinese
油橄榄 Chinese
maslina Croatian
ελαία ευρωπαϊκή Greek
올리브나무 Korean
ol ri beu na mu Korean
aulibè Occitan
olivastre Occitan
oulibét Occitan
navadna oljka Slovene
маслина європейська Ukrainian