EPPO Global Database

Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus(TOLCND)

Hosts

Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to an evaluation of the biological importance of the host plant for the pest concerned, together with the economic importance of this plant for the EPPO region. These categories do not reflect the complexity of the associations that may exist between a host plant and a pest, nor result from exhaustive literature reviews. Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Abelmoschus esculentus (ABMES) Major
* Venkataravanappa V, Reddy CNL, Saha S & Reddy MK (2018) Recombinant Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus is associated with yellow vein mosaic disease of okra in India. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 104, 108-118.
------- confirmed host.
Benincasa hispida (BNCHI) Major
* Ito T, Sharma P, Kittipakorn K, Ikegami M (2008) Complete nucleotide sequence of a new isolate of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting cucumber, bottle gourd and muskmelon in Thailand. Archives of Virology 153(3), 611-613.
------- confirmed host.
Capsicum annuum (CPSAN) Major
* Khan MS, Raj SK, Singh R (2005) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting chilli in India. New Disease Reports 11, 41 http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=011041
------- confirmed host. 

* Luigi M, Bertin S, Manglli A, Troiano E, Davino S, Tomassoli L, Parrella G (2019) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus causing yellow leaf curl of pepper in Europe. Plant Disease 103(11), p 2970.

Capsicum frutescens (CPSFR) Major
Citrullus lanatus (CITLA) Major
* Venkataravanappa V (2020) Characterization of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus associated with leaf curl and yellowing disease of Watermelon and development of LAMP assay for its detection, 3 Biotech, 10 (6) DOI: 10.1007/s13205-020-02245-x
------- confirmed host. 
Cucumis melo (CUMME) Major
* Ito T, Sharma P, Kittipakorn K, Ikegami M (2008) Complete nucleotide sequence of a new isolate of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting cucumber, bottle gourd and muskmelon in Thailand. Archives of Virology 153(3), 611-613.
------- confirmed host.

* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.

Cucumis melo var. flexuosus (CUMMF) Major
Cucumis sativus (CUMSA) Major
* Ito T, Sharma P, Kittipakorn K, Ikegami M (2008) Complete nucleotide sequence of a new isolate of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting cucumber, bottle gourd and muskmelon in Thailand. Archives of Virology 153(3), 611-613.
------- confirmed host.

* Juarez M, Rabadan MP, Martinez LD, Tayahi M, Grande-Perez A, Gomez P (2019) Natural hosts and genetic diversity of the emerging Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in Spain. Frontiers in Microbiology 10, 140. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00140
------ confirmed host. 

* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.
Cucurbita maxima (CUUMA) Major
* Espino de Paz AI, Botella-Guillén M, Otazo-González HC, Alfaro-Fernández A, Font-San-Ambrosio I, Galipienso L, Rubio L (2019) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting cucurbits in the Canary Islands. Plant Disease 103(7), p 1798.
Cucurbita moschata (CUUMO) Major
* Phaneendra C, Rao KRSS, Jain RK, Mandal B (2012) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus is associated with pumpkin leaf curl: a new disease in Northern India. Indian Journal of Virology 23(1), 42-45.
------- confirmed host.
Cucurbita pepo (CUUPE) Major
* Juarez M, Rabadan MP, Martinez LD, Tayahi M, Grande-Perez A, Gomez P (2019) Natural hosts and genetic diversity of the emerging Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in Spain. Frontiers in Microbiology 10, 140. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00140
------ confirmed host. 

* Panno S, Iacono G, Davino M, Marchione S, Zappardo V, Bella P, Tomassoli L, Accotto GP, Davino S (2016) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus affecting zucchini squash in an important horticultural area of southern Italy. New Disease Reports 33, 6 http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2016.033.006

* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.

Cucurbita pepo var. giromontiina (CUUPG) Major
* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.
Lagenaria siceraria (LGNSI) Major
* Nagendran K, Kumar S, Mohan, Manoranjitham SK, Karthikeyan G (2014) Molecular detection and characterization of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus causing mosaic disease on bitter gourd in Tamil Nadu, India. Trends in Biosciences 7(23), 3925-3931.
------- confirmed host. 

* Rajeshwari R, Reddy MK (2014) Biological characterisation of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) from Karnataka. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences 48(3), 387-393.
Luffa aegyptiaca (LUFAE) Major
* Sohrab SS, Mandal B, Pant RP, Varma A (2003) First report of association of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus with the yellow mosaic disease of Luffa cylindrica. Plant Disease 87(9), p 1148.
------- confirmed host (as L. cylindrica)
Momordica charantia (MOMCH) Major
* Tahir M, Haider MS (2005) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting bitter gourd in Pakistan. Plant Pathology, 54: 807-807. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01215.x
----- confirmed host.
Momordica dioica (MOMTU) Major
* Venkataravanappa V, Lakshminarayana Reddy CN, Shankarappa KS and Krishna Reddy M, 2019. Association of Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus,betasatellite, and alphasatellite with mosaic disease of spine gourd (Momordica dioica Roxb. Willd) in India. Iranian Journal of Biotechology, 17, e2134. https://doi.org/10.21859/ijb.2134
------- confirmed host. 
Solanum lycopersicum (LYPES) Major
Damage on tomato is high for strains other than strain Es.

* Padidam M, Beachy RN and Fauquet CM, 1995. Tomato leaf curl geminivirus from India has a bipartite genome and coat protein is not essential for infectivity. Journal of General Virology, 76, 25–35.
------- confirmed host (first description of the virus)

* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.
------- Low incidence.

* Ruiz ML, Simon A, Velasco L, Garcia MC, Janssen D (2015) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting tomato in Spain. Plant Disease 99, 894-894.
Trichosanthes cucumerina (TTHCU) Major
* Moriones E, Praveen S, Chakraborty S (2017) Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus: an emerging virus complex threatening vegetable and fiber crops. Viruses 9(10), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/v9100264.

* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Glycine max (GLXMA) Minor
* Jamil N, Rehman A, Hamza M, Hafeez A, Ismail H, Zubair M, Mansoor S, Amin I (2017) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus, a bipartite begomovirus, infecting soybean (Glycine max). Plant Disease 101(5), p 845.
------- confirmed host. 
Gossypium hirsutum (GOSHI) Minor
* Zaidi SSEA, Shafiq M, Amin I, Scheffler BE, Scheffler JA, Briddon RW & Mansoor S (2016) Frequent occurrence of Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus in Cotton Leaf Curl Disease affected cotton in Pakistan. Plos One 11(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0155520
------- confirmed host
Jatropha (1IATG) Minor
* Moriones E, Praveen S, Chakraborty S (2017) Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus: an emerging virus complex threatening vegetable and fiber crops. Viruses 9(10), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/v9100264.
Solanum melongena (SOLME) Minor
* Parrella G, Troiano E, Lee S, Kil EJ (2020) Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus found associated with eggplant yellowing disease in Italy
Plant Disease. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-12-19-2635-PDN
------- confirmed host

* Pratap D, Kashikar AR, Mukherjee SK (2011) Molecular characterization and infectivity of a Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus variant associated with newly emerging yellow mosaic disease of eggplant in India. Virology Journal 8(305) http://www.virologyj.com/content/8/1/305
Solanum tuberosum (SOLTU) Minor
* Usharani KS, Surendranath B, Paul-Khurana SM, Garg ID, Malathi VG (2004) Potato leaf curl - a new disease of potato in northern India caused by a strain of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus. Plant Pathology 53, 235-235.
Benincasa fistulosa (CITFI) Unclassified
* Dhkal M, Sharma A, Kaur G (2020) First report of tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting Tinda (Benincasa fistulosa) in India.Journal of Plant Pathology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42161-020-00664-6
------- confirmed host.
Capsicum chinense (CPSCH) Unclassified
* Ruiz L, Simon A, Velasco L, Janssen D (2017) Biological characterization of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus from Spain. Plant Pathology, 66, 376–382.
------- infected with viruliferous whiteflies in laboratory studies
Catharanthus roseus (CTURO) Unclassified
* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
------- uncertain host. noted as "Aleyrodes brassicae infecting Catharanthus roseus"
Cestrum nocturnum (CEMNO) Unclassified
* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Chrysanthemum indicum (CHYIN) Unclassified
* Ashwathappa KV, Venkataravanappa V, Lakshminarayana Reddy CN, Krishna Reddy M (2020) Association of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus with mosaic and leaf curl disease of Chrysanthemum and its whitefly cryptic species. Indian Phytopathology, 73, 533–542. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42360-020-00214-1
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (CMOTE) Unclassified
* Moriones E, Praveen S, Chakraborty S (2017) Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus: an emerging virus complex threatening vegetable and fiber crops. Viruses 9(10), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/v9100264.

* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Dahlia pinnata (DAHPI) Unclassified
* Pant RP, Anuj B and Murari L (2018) Role of alternate host plants in the transmission of apical leaf curl disease of potato caused by tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus - potato (ToLCNDV-pot.) in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88, 1258–1262
------- confirmed host.
Jasminum multiflorum (IASMU) Unclassified
* Moriones E, Praveen S, Chakraborty S (2017) Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus: an emerging virus complex threatening vegetable and fiber crops. Viruses 9(10), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/v9100264.
Luffa acutangula (LUFAC) Unclassified
* Kumar R, Esakky R, Acharya S (2019)  Molecular evidence of occurrence of Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus infecting cucurbits in several states in India, Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, DOI: 10.1080/03235408.2019.1668108
------- confirmed host. 
Parthenium hysterophorus (PTNHY) Unclassified
* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Sauropus androgynus (SRPAN) Unclassified
* Shih S‐L, Tsai W‐S, Lee L‐M, Kenyon L (2013), Molecular characterization of Begomoviruses infecting Sauropus androgynus in Thailand. Journal of Phytopatholy, 161: 78-85. doi:10.1111/jph.12028
------- confirmed host.
Sechium edule (SEHED) Unclassified
* Nagendran K, Mohankumar S, Mohammed Faisal P, Bagewadi B, Karthikeyan G (2017) Molecular evidence for the occurrence of tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus on chayote (Sechium edule) in southern India. VirusDisease. 28, 425–429 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13337-017-0403-7
------- confirmed host.
Tagetes erecta (TAGER) Unclassified
* Pant RP, Anuj B and Murari L (2018) Role of alternate host plants in the transmission of apical leaf curl disease of potato caused by tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus - potato (ToLCNDV-pot.) in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88, 1258–1262
------- confirmed host.
Vigna radiata (PHSAU) Unclassified
* Pant RP, Anuj B and Murari L (2018) Role of alternate host plants in the transmission of apical leaf curl disease of potato caused by tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus - potato (ToLCNDV-pot.) in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88, 1258–1262
------- confirmed host.
Carica papaya (CIAPA) Incidental
* Reddy M K, Venkataravanappa V, Madhuvanthi B, Jalali S (2010) Molecular characterization of begomoviruses associated with papaya leaf curl disease in India. Acta Horticulturae. 465-472.
------- confirmed host.
Crossandra infundibuliformis (CSDIN) Incidental
* Deepan Sundararaj, Michael Immanuel Jesse Denison, Dharanivasan Gunasekaran, Mohammed Riyaz Savas Uma, Raja Muthuramalingam Thangavelu, Krishnan Kathiravan (2020) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting Crossandra infundibuliformis in India. Plant Disease 104(3), p 999. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-08-19-1764-PDN
Daucus carota (DAUCA) Incidental
* Sivalingam PN, Sumiya KV, Malathi VG (2011) Carrot as a new host for a begomovirus: yellow mosaic disease of carrot reported in India. New Disease Reports 23, 34. [http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2011.023.034]
Hibiscus cannabinus (HIBCA) Incidental
* Moriones E, Praveen S, Chakraborty S (2017) Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus: an emerging virus complex threatening vegetable and fiber crops. Viruses 9(10), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/v9100264.

* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Papaver somniferum (PAPSO) Incidental
* Srivastava A, Lumar S, Jaidi M, Raj SK, Shukla SK (2016) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus on opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) in India. Plant Disease 100(1), p 232.
------- confirmed host.
Acalypha indica (ACCIN) Wild/Weed
* Pant RP, Anuj B and Murari L (2018) Role of alternate host plants in the transmission of apical leaf curl disease of potato caused by tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus - potato (ToLCNDV-pot.) in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88, 1258–1262
------- confirmed host.
Calotropis procera (CTRPR) Wild/Weed
* Zaidi SS, Shakir S, Malik HJ, Farooq M, Amin I, Mansoor S (2017) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus on Calotropis procera, a weed as potential reservoir begomovirus host in Pakistan. Plant Disease 101(6), p 1071.
------- confirmed host.
Chenopodium album (CHEAL) Wild/Weed
* Moriones E, Praveen S, Chakraborty S (2017) Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus: an emerging virus complex threatening vegetable and fiber crops. Viruses 9(10), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/v9100264.
Chenopodium giganteum (CHEGI) Wild/Weed
* Pant RP, Anuj B and Murari L (2018) Role of alternate host plants in the transmission of apical leaf curl disease of potato caused by tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus - potato (ToLCNDV-pot.) in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88, 1258–1262
------- confirmed host as C. amaranticolor.
Commelina benghalensis (COMBE) Wild/Weed
* Pant RP, Anuj B and Murari L (2018) Role of alternate host plants in the transmission of apical leaf curl disease of potato caused by tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus - potato (ToLCNDV-pot.) in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88, 1258–1262
------- confirmed host.
Convolvulus arvensis (CONAR) Wild/Weed
* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Datura stramonium (DATST) Wild/Weed
* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.
Ecballium elaterium (ECAEL) Wild/Weed
* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.
Eclipta prostrata (ECLAL) Wild/Weed
* Haier Ms, Tahir M, Latfi S, Briddon RW (2005) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting Eclipta prostrata in Pakistan. New Disease Reports 11, 39 http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=011039
------ confirmed host.
Euphorbia hirta (EPHHI) Wild/Weed
* Pant RP, Anuj B and Murari L (2018) Role of alternate host plants in the transmission of apical leaf curl disease of potato caused by tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus - potato (ToLCNDV-pot.) in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88, 1258–1262
------- confirmed host.
Phyllanthus niruri (PYLNI) Wild/Weed
* Pant RP, Anuj B and Murari L (2018) Role of alternate host plants in the transmission of apical leaf curl disease of potato caused by tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus - potato (ToLCNDV-pot.) in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88, 1258–1262
------- confirmed host.
Physalis minima (PHYMI) Wild/Weed
* Zubair M, Ali Khan RA, Ali A, Ullah N, Ahmad S, Hyder M, Ahmad M, Mushtaq A, Akhtar KP (2020) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in Physalis minima in Pakistan. Plant Disease 104(6), p 1878. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-12-19-2607-PDN
-------  In Pakistan, in the vicinity of Luffa acutangula crops also affected by the virus.
Rumex dentatus (RUMDE) Wild/Weed
* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Solanum nigrum (SOLNI) Wild/Weed
* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.
------- Low incidence.

* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Sonchus oleraceus (SONOL) Wild/Weed
* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.
------- Low incidence.
Trifolium repens (TRFRE) Wild/Weed
* Pant RP, Anuj B and Murari L (2018) Role of alternate host plants in the transmission of apical leaf curl disease of potato caused by tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus - potato (ToLCNDV-pot.) in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88, 1258–1262
------- confirmed host.
Cucurbita ecuadorensis (CUUEC) Artificial
* Sáez C, Martínez C, Ferriol M, Manzano S, Velasco L, Jamilena M, Lopez c, Pico B (2016). Resistance to tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in Cucurbita spp. Annals of Applied Biololy 169, 91–105. doi: 10.1111/aab.12283
------- inoculation studies.
Cucurbita foetidissima (CUUFO) Artificial
* Sáez C, Martínez C, Ferriol M, Manzano S, Velasco L, Jamilena M, Lopez c, Pico B (2016). Resistance to tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in Cucurbita spp. Annals of Applied Biololy 169, 91–105. doi: 10.1111/aab.12283
------- inoculation studies.
Cucurbita fraterna (CUUFR) Artificial
* Sáez C, Martínez C, Ferriol M, Manzano S, Velasco L, Jamilena M, Lopez c, Pico B (2016). Resistance to tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in Cucurbita spp. Annals of Applied Biololy 169, 91–105. doi: 10.1111/aab.12283
------- inoculation studies.
Cucurbita martinezii (CUUMZ) Artificial
* Sáez C, Martínez C, Ferriol M, Manzano S, Velasco L, Jamilena M, Lopez c, Pico B (2016). Resistance to tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus in Cucurbita spp. Annals of Applied Biololy 169, 91–105. doi: 10.1111/aab.12283
------- inoculation studies as C. ockeechobeensis