EPPO Global Database

Papaver somniferum(PAPSO)

Code created in: 2004-04-17

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: PAPSO
  • Preferred name: Papaver somniferum
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Portugal to Italy (probably native). Widely cultivated for centuries in most of the Euromediterranean region as a medicinal plant (opium), for its seeds (as a flavouring), for its seed oil, and as an ornamental (in various colours), and correspondingly naturalized as a weed. Raw material for the illicit production of heroin, so that its production is regulated in some countries. Introduced in eastern Europe, Siberia, Russian Far East, Western Asia, Central Asia, Himalayas, India, China, Indochina, Ethiopia, Angola, North America (including Greenland), Central America, South America (northwest, southern cone), Australia

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Papaver somniferum subsp. hortense (Hussenot) Syme
Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum Linnaeus

Common names
Name Language
opium poppy English
Garten-Mohn German
Schlaf-Mohn German
oeillette French
pavot à opium French
pavot blanc French
pavot somnifère French
adormidera Spanish
amapola real Spanish
papavero bianco Italian
papavero da opio Italian
papavero domestico Italian
papavero sonnolento Italian
blauw maanzaad Dutch
maankop Dutch
maanzaad Dutch
slaapbol Dutch
dormideira Portuguese
papoila-da-Índia Portuguese
papoila-do-ópio Portuguese
papoulo Portuguese
opievallmo Swedish
opiumvallmo Swedish
keshi Japanese
popî Japanese
ケシ Japanese
ポピー Japanese
мак опийный Russian
мак снотворный Russian
opium-valmue Danish
opiumsvalmue Norwegian
oopiumiunikko Finnish
haşhaş Turkish
mak lekarski Polish
kerti mák Hungarian
lulkuqe Albanian
âafyan Arabic
kharkhacha Arabic
khechash Arabic
tilidut Arabic
lo-belarra Basque
opio-belarra Basque
posto Bengali
градински мак Bulgarian
сънотворен мак Bulgarian
cascall Catalan
yīng sù Chinese
罂粟 Chinese
vrtni mak Croatian
mák setý Czech
afeem Hindi
afyum Hindi
khasakhas Hindi
khas-kash post Hindi
अफ़ीम Hindi
खसखस Hindi
draumsól Icelandic
codlaidín Irish
양귀비 Korean
yang gwi bi Korean
xaħxieħ vjola Maltese
pabot Occitan
pavon Occitan
mak siaty Slovak
vrtni mak Slovene
мак снотворний Ukrainian
llysiau'r cwsg Welsh