EPPO Global Database

Papaver somniferum(PAPSO)

Last modification: 2004-04-17

Basic information
  • EPPO code: PAPSO
  • Preferred name: Papaver somniferum
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Portugal to Italy (probably native). Widely cultivated for centuries in most of the Euromediterranean region as a medicinal plant (opium), for its seeds (as a flavouring), for its seed oil, and as an ornamental (in various colours), and correspondingly naturalized as a weed. Raw material for the illicit production of heroin, so that its production is regulated in some countries

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Papaver somniferum subsp. hortense (Hussenot) Syme
Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum Linnaeus

Common names
Name Language
градински мак Bulgarian
сънотворен мак Bulgarian
cascall Catalan
mák setý Czech
opium-valmue Danish
Gartenmohn German
Schlafmohn German
opium poppy English
adormidera Spanish
amapola real Spanish
oopiumiunikko Finnish
oeillette French
pavot à opium French
pavot blanc French
pavot somnifère French
vrtni mak Croatian
kerti mák Hungarian
draumsól Icelandic
papavero bianco Italian
papavero da opio Italian
papavero domestico Italian
papavero sonnolento Italian
ケシ Japanese
ポピー Japanese
keshi Japanese
popî Japanese
xaħxieħ vjola Maltese
blauw maanzaad Dutch
maankop Dutch
maanzaad Dutch
slaapbol Dutch
opiumsvalmue Norwegian
mak lekarski Polish
dormideira Portuguese
papoulo Portuguese
мак опийный Russian
мак снотворный Russian
mak siaty Slovak
vrtni mak Slovene
lulkuqe Albanian
opievallmo Swedish
opiumvallmo Swedish
haşhaş Turkish
мак снотворний Ukrainian