EPPO Global Database

Capsicum annuum(CPSAN)

Code created in: 1996-10-28

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: CPSAN
  • Preferred name: Capsicum annuum
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Native to Mexico, Central America. Cultivated for its fruits consumed as a vegetable. The dried ground spice is obtained from C. frutescens (q.v.), but some authors combine the two species. Introduced in Mediterranean region, Central Asia,  Western Asia, Himalayas, India, Bangladesh, Indochina (except Thailand), Malesia (except Sumatra, Malaya, southeastern islands), Korea, most of Africa (except southern), Madagascar, USA (southeastern), Caribbean, South America (northern half), New Guinea, Australia (Northern, Queensland, New South Wales).

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Capsicum annuum var. acuminatum Fingerhuth
Capsicum annuum var. annuum Linnaeus
Capsicum annuum var. longum (de Candolle) Sendtner
Capsicum grossum Linnaeus
Capsicum minimum Miller

Common names
Name Language
bell pepper English
chilli English
paprika English
red pepper English
sweet pepper English
Gemüsepaprika German
Paprika German
Schotenpfeffer German
Spanischer Pfeffer German
carive French
paprika French
piment French
piment annuel French
poivron French
aji Spanish (BO)
ají dulce Spanish
chile de Castilla Spanish (AR)
chile dulce Spanish
morrón Spanish (UY)
peperoni Spanish
pimentón dulce Spanish
pimiento Spanish
pimiento morrón Spanish (HN)
pepe di Guinea Italian
peperone Italian
pimento Italian
rode peper Dutch
Spaanse peper Dutch
pimentão-doce Portuguese
pimentão-verde Portuguese
pimenteiro Portuguese
pimenteiro-comum Portuguese
pimenteiro-cornicabra Portuguese
pimenteiro-doce Portuguese
pimento Portuguese
paprika Swedish
spanskpeppar Swedish
tôgarashi Japanese
トウガラシ Japanese
кайенский перец Russian
перец овощной Russian
перец однолетний Russian
перец острый Russian
перец-чили Russian
стручковый перец овощной Russian
Spansk peber Danish
ruokapaprika Finnish
biber Turkish
papryka roczna Polish
pieprz chilijski Polish
aprika Hungarian
közönséges paprika Hungarian
spec Albanian
coral Aragonese
coralete Aragonese
guindilla Aragonese
pimentonera Aragonese
pimiento Aragonese
piperra Basque
пипер Bulgarian
pebre vermell Catalan
pebrot Catalan
pebrotera Catalan
là jiāo Chinese
辣椒 Chinese
jednogodišnja paprika Croatian
paprika roční Czech
paprika setá Czech
haree mirch Hindi
shimala mirch Hindi
शिमला मिर्च Hindi
हरी मिर्च Hindi
고추 Korean
go chu Korean
paprika Lithuanian
pébe Occitan
peberine Occitan
pimén Occitan
pipèr Occitan
ardei iute Romanian
paprika ročná Slovak
paprika Slovene
стручковий перець однорічний Ukrainian