EPPO Global Database

Xylella fastidiosa(XYLEFA)

Distribution details in Spain

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2018: Transient, under eradication
First recorded in: 2016
Pest status declared by NPPO: Transient, under eradication (2018-12)
Comments
First found in Baleares in 2016, and then on the mainland (2017).

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/213) : X. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa detected for the first time in 3 samples collected from sweet cherry (Prunus avium) in a garden centre in Porto Cristo (municipality of Manacor) on the island of Mallorca (Baleares). Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/083) : found in other localities of Mallorca, as well as in other islands of the archipelago (Ibiza, Formentera, and Menorca). Under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/102) : more details. As of 2017-05-09, 219 positive cases have been detected in plants or trees on the archipelago: 139 in Mallorca, 59 in Ibiza and 21 in Menorca.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/133) : first report of X. fastidiosa in mainland Spain. Detected in an almond orchard near Alicante (Comunidad Valenciana). Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/018) : update. Eradication continues on the mainland, under containment in Baleares.

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/242) : impact in Mallorca (Baleares)
References
* Anonymous (2017) Detectada en Ibiza la subespecie de Xylella fastidiosa causante de la muerte de miles de olivos en Italia. Phytoma España no. 287, p 2.

* Carpintero Hervas J, Hernandez Ruiz JA (2018) Actuaciones frente a X. fastidiosa en la comunidad de Madrid. Phytoma-Espana no. 305, 52-55.

* NPPO of Spain (2016-11, 2017-06, 2017-08).

* INTERNET
Govern Illes Balears.
- Confirmados 219 positivos por Xylella fastidiosa en las Illes Balears. http://www.caib.es/govern/pidip/dadesComunicat.do?lang=es&codi=8982890
- Localizados tres cerezos afectados por Xylella fastidiosa a un centro de jardinería de Mallorca. http://www.caib.es/govern/pidip/dadesComunicat.do?lang=es&codi=8932920
Primera detecció de Xylella fastidiosa a les Illes Balears. http://www.caib.es/sites/M94/f/217798
- Brotes de Xylella fastidiosa en las Islas Baleares (2017-01-24). http://www.caib.es/sites/sanitatvegetal/es/brotes/
- Legislación en lo referente a Xylella fastidiosa. http://www.caib.es/sites/sanitatvegetal/es/legislacion/
- http://www.caib.es/eboibfront/es/2017/10615/590782/resolucion-del-consejero-de-medio-ambiente-agricul
European Parliament
- Parliamentary questions (2017-05-22) Answer given by Mr Andriukaitis on behalf of the Commission.
-------- 124 positive cases in Mallorca (multiplex and fastidiosa), 49 in Ibiza (pauca), and 16 in Menorca (multiplex).

* Landa BB, Navas Cortés JA, Montes Borrego M (2017) Xylella fastidiosa y la enfermedad de Pierce de la vid: ¿una amenaza para la viticultura española? Phytoma España no. 288, 34-37.

* NPPO of Spain (2018-10, 2018-11, 2018-12).

Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Corse Present, restricted distribution view...
France Transient, under eradication view...
Morocco Absent, confirmed by survey view...
Portugal Transient, under eradication view...