EPPO Global Database

Xylella fastidiosa(XYLEFA)

Distribution details in Spain

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2022: Transient
First recorded in: 2016
Pest status declared by NPPO: Transient, actionable, under eradication (2022-03)
First found in Baleares in 2016, and then on the mainland (2017).

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/213) : X. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa detected for the first time in 3 samples collected from sweet cherry (Prunus avium) in a garden centre in Porto Cristo (municipality of Manacor) on the island of Mallorca (Baleares). Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/083) : found in other localities of Mallorca, as well as in other islands of the archipelago (Ibiza, Formentera, and Menorca). Under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/102) : more details. As of 2017-05-09, 219 positive cases have been detected in plants or trees on the archipelago: 139 in Mallorca, 59 in Ibiza and 21 in Menorca.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/133) : first report of X. fastidiosa in mainland Spain. Detected in an almond orchard near Alicante (Comunidad Valenciana). Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/018) : update. Eradication continues on the mainland, under containment in Baleares.

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/242) : impact in Mallorca (Baleares).

EPPO Reporting Service (2022/112) : Under eradication in Alicante (Comunidad Valenciana), and province of Madrid. Eradicated in Andalucia. Under containment in Baleares.

EPPO Reporting Service (2022/143) : outbreak in Villarejo de Salvanés eradicated.
* Anonymous (2017) Detectada en Ibiza la subespecie de Xylella fastidiosa causante de la muerte de miles de olivos en Italia. Phytoma España no. 287, p 2.

* Carpintero Hervas J, Hernandez Ruiz JA (2018) Actuaciones frente a X. fastidiosa en la comunidad de Madrid. Phytoma-Espana no. 305, 52-55.

* EU Commission (2022) Final report of an audit carried out in Spain from 20 September to 01 October 2021 in order to evaluate the situation and controls for Xylella fastidiosa. Ref. Ares(2022)3175249 - 22/04/2022. Available at https://ec.europa.eu/food/audits-analysis/audit_reports/details.cfm?rep_id=4475.

Govern Illes Balears.
- Confirmados 219 positivos por Xylella fastidiosa en las Illes Balears. http://www.caib.es/govern/pidip/dadesComunicat.do?lang=es&codi=8982890
- Localizados tres cerezos afectados por Xylella fastidiosa a un centro de jardinería de Mallorca. http://www.caib.es/govern/pidip/dadesComunicat.do?lang=es&codi=8932920
Primera detecció de Xylella fastidiosa a les Illes Balears. http://www.caib.es/sites/M94/f/217798
- Brotes de Xylella fastidiosa en las Islas Baleares (2017-01-24). http://www.caib.es/sites/sanitatvegetal/es/brotes/
- Legislación en lo referente a Xylella fastidiosa. http://www.caib.es/sites/sanitatvegetal/es/legislacion/
- http://www.caib.es/eboibfront/es/2017/10615/590782/resolucion-del-consejero-de-medio-ambiente-agricul
European Parliament
- Parliamentary questions (2017-05-22) Answer given by Mr Andriukaitis on behalf of the Commission.
-------- 124 positive cases in Mallorca (multiplex and fastidiosa), 49 in Ibiza (pauca), and 16 in Menorca (multiplex).

* Landa BB, Navas Cortés JA, Montes Borrego M (2017) Xylella fastidiosa y la enfermedad de Pierce de la vid: ¿una amenaza para la viticultura española? Phytoma España no. 288, 34-37.

* Marco-Noales E, Barbé S, Monterde A, Navarro-Herrero I, Ferrer A, Dalmau V, Aure CM, Domingo-Calap ML, Landa BB, Roselló M (2021) Evidence that Xylella fastidiosa is the causal agent of almond leaf scorch disease in Alicante, mainland Spain (Iberian Peninsula). Plant Disease 105(11), 3349-3352.

* NPPO of Spain (2016-11, 2017-06, 2017-08, 2018-10, 2018-11, 2018-12, 2020-04, 2022-01, 2022-03, 2022-06).

Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Corse Present, restricted distribution view...
France Transient view...
Morocco Absent, confirmed by survey view...
Portugal Present, restricted distribution view...