EPPO Global Database

Xylella fastidiosa(XYLEFA)

Distribution details in France

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2022: Transient
First recorded in: 2015
Pest status declared by NPPO: Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex: Present, only in some parts of the Member State concerned, under eradication, under containment, in case eradication is impossible; Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca: Transient, actionable, under eradication (2022-03)
EPPO Reporting Service 500/02: intercepted on grapevine material from Italy originating from US. See also EPPO Reporting Service 505/13, according to which the same material tested in Italy gave negative results.
The NPPO considered that the above interception record is invalid (2011-06).

EPPO Reporting Service (2012/165) : X. fastidiosa was detected in the containment facility of a breeding company on imported Coffea spp. plants. This finding is considered as an interception.

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/144) : first found in July 2015 in ornamental plants (Polygala myrtifolia) in a commercial area of the municipality of Propriano (Corsica). Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/161) : studies have shown that X. fastidiosa multiplex occurs in Corsica (so different from the subspecies found in Italy). Many other foci have been found in Corsica (mainly on Polygala myrtifolia). Eradication continues.

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/180) : first records on the mainland, 2 foci were detected in October 2015 in Alpes-Maritimes department (Southern France). Eradication continues.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/193) : more details. Eradication continues.

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/187) : found on two olive trees.

EPPO Reporting Service (2020/197) : found in the Occitanie region on Lavandula x intermedia. Under eradication

EPPO Reporting Service (2022/063) : Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex is under containment in Corsica, under eradication in Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur and Occitanie regions. Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca: only 1 outbreak in Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur; under eradication.
* Anonymous (2016) Actus. Xylella fastidiosa. Phytoma no. 697, p 4.

* Cunty A, Legendre B, de Jerphanion P, Dousset C, Forveille A, Paillard S, Olivier V (2022) Update of the Xylella fastidiosa outbreak in France: two new variants detected and a new region affected. European Journal of Plant Pathology (early view). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-022-02492-z

* Denancé N, Legendre B, Briand M, Olivier V, de Boisseson C, Poliakoff F, Jacques MA (2017) Several subspecies and sequence types are associated with the emergence of Xylella fastidiosa in natural settings in France. Plant Pathology 66(7), 1054-1064.
------- Mainly X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex - 1 focus with X. fastidiosa subsp. pauca and 1 sample with X. fastidiosa subsp. sandyi. However, foci with the last 2 subspecies have been eradicated.

- Avis aux voyageurs pour la Corse. http://www.gouvernement.fr/partage/4876-corse-avis-aux-voyageurs-transportant-des-vegetaux
Arrêté du 24 juillet 2015 définissant une zone délimitée vis-à-vis de Xylella fastidiosa et les mesures de lutte applicables. http://www.corse-du-sud.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/Arrete_24_juillet_-_XF.pdf
- Chauvel G, Cruaud A, Legendre B, Germain JF, Rasplus JY (2015) Mission d’expertise sur Xylella fastidiosa en Corse. Rapport définitif (2015-08-31), 139 pp. http://agriculture.gouv.fr/sites/minagri/files/20150908_rapport_mission_corse_xylella_31082015b.pdf
- INRA. Xylella fastidiosa, la recherche mobilisée. http://www.inra.fr/Grand-public/Sante-des-plantes/Tous-les-dossiers/Xylella-fastidiosa-identifiee-en-Corse
- Les services de l’Etat en Corse du Sud. http://www.corse-du-sud.gouv.fr/xylella-fastidiosa-une-menace-qui-demande-une-a1409.html
- Département des Alpes-Maritimes. Xylella fastidiosa. https://www.departement06.fr/lutte-contre-les-especes-envahissantes/xylella-fastidiosa-9051.html
- Ministère de l’Agriculture, de l’Agroalimentaire et de la forêt. Communiqué de presse (2015-10-13) Xylella fastidiosa : confirmation d’un cas dans les Alpes-Maritimes. http://agriculture.gouv.fr/xylella-fastidiosa-un-cas-dans-les-alpes-maritimes
- Ministère de l’Agriculture et de l’Alimentation. Alim’Agri (2019-09-06) La contamination par Xylella fastidiosa de 2 oliviers confirmée en PACA. https://agriculture.gouv.fr/la-contamination-par-xylella-fastidiosa-de-2-oliviers-confirmee-en-paca
- Maps of demarcated areas in France are available at: https://shiny-public.anses.fr/Xylella_fastidiosa/

* NPPO of France (2011-06, 2012-07, 2015-07, 2015-07, 2018-03, 2021-12, 2022-03).

* de Jerphanion P, Joudar S, Poliakoff F, Olivier V, Legendre B, Raynaud P, Hendrikx P, Bronner A, Grosman J, Jullien J, Chauvel G, Bourgouin B, Flot JL, Poirier A, Fajardi V, Manceau C (2016) Xylella fastidiosa, bilan de la surveillance en 2015. Phytoma no. 694, 43-48.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Belgium Absent, confirmed by survey view...
Germany Absent, pest eradicated view...
Italy Present, restricted distribution view...
Spain Islas Baleares Present, restricted distribution view...
Spain Transient view...
Switzerland Absent, pest eradicated view...