EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 04 - 2017 Num. article: 2017/083

Updated situation of Xylella fastidiosa in Islas Baleares, Spain

At the end of October 2016, Xylella fastidiosa (EPPO A1 List) was found for the first time in Islas Baleares (EPPO RS 2016/213). The bacterium was detected in samples collected from sweet cherry (Prunus avium) in a garden centre on the island of Mallorca. Since then, X. fastidiosa has been found in other locations in Mallorca, and other islands of the archipelago (Ibiza, Formentera, and Menorca). On the island of Ibiza, trapping studies have confirmed the presence of the insect vector, Philaenus spumarius. In Baleares, X. fastidiosa has been found infecting several plant species, including: Acacia saligna, Lavandula dentata (lavender), Nerium oleander (oleander), Olea europaea and O. europaea var. sylvestris (cultivated and wild olive), P. domestica (plum), P. dulcis (almond), Polygala myrtifolia, Prunus avium (cherry), Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) and Westringia sp. The following subspecies have been identified: X. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa, X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex, X. fastidiosa subsp. pauca (on A. saligna, L. dentata and P. myrtifolia). An action plan has been elaborated and official phytosanitary measures are being taken to contain the disease in Islas Baleares.
The situation of Xylella fastidiosa in Spain can be described as follows: Present, only in Islas Baleares, under official control.


Anonymous (2017) Detectada en Ibiza la subespecie de Xylella fastidiosa causante de la muerte de miles de olivos en Italia. Phytoma España no. 287, p 2.
Govern Illes Balears.
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