EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum'(LIBEPS)

Hosts

Important note about the classification of host plants in GD:
Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to a qualitative evaluation of the importance of the host plant for the pest concerned and remain indicative only.
Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Apium graveolens (APUGV) Major host
* Hajri A, Loiseau M, Cousseau-Suhard P, Renaudin I, Gentit P (2017) Genetic characterization of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' haplotypes associated with apiaceous crops in France. Plant Disease 101(8), 1383-1390.

* Teresani GR, Bertolini E, Alfaro-Fernández A, Martínez C, Ossamu Tanaka FA, Kitajima EW, Roselló M, Sanjuán, Ferrándiz JC, López MM, Cambra M, Font MI (2014) Association of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' with a vegetative disorder of celery in Spain and development of a real-time PCR method for its detection. Phytopathology 104(8), 804-11.
Capsicum annuum (CPSAN) Major host
* Rojas-Martinez RI, Camacho-Tapia M, Zavaleta-Mejia E, Lévy J (2016) First report of the presence of haplotypes A and B of Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum in chili (Capsicum annuum L.) in the central region of Mexico. Journal of Plant Pathology 98(1), 111-115.
------- confirmed host
Capsicum frutescens (CPSFR) Major host
* Liefting LW, Weir BS, Pennycook SR & Clover GRG (2009) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’, associated with plants in the family Solanaceae. International Journal of Systematics and Evolutionary Microbiology 59, 2274–2276.
Daucus carota (DAUCA) Major host
* Munyaneza JE, Sengoda VG, Stegmark R, Arvidsson AK, Anderbrant O, Yuvaraj JK, Rämert, Nissinen A (2012) First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ associated with psyllid-affected carrots in Sweden. Plant Disease 96(3), p 453.
------- confirmed host
Petroselinum crispum (PARCR) Major host
* Hajri A, Loiseau M, Cousseau-Suhard P, Renaudin I, Gentit P (2017) Genetic characterization of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' haplotypes associated with apiaceous crops in France. Plant Disease 101(8), 1383-1390.
Solanum lycopersicum (LYPES) Major host
* Ling KS, Lin H, Lexis Ivey ML, Shang W, Miller SA (2011) First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' naturally infecting tomatoes in the state of Mexico, Mexico. Plant Disease 95(8), 1026-1027.
Solanum tuberosum (SOLTU) Major host
* Wen A, Mallik I, Alvarado VY, Pasche JS, Wang X, Li W, Levy L, Lin H, Scholthof HB, Mirkov TE, Rush CM, Gudmestad NC (2009) Detection, distribution, and genetic variability of 'Candidatus Liberibacter' species associated with zebra complex disease of potato in North America. Plant Disease 93(11), 1102-1115.
Aegopodium podagraria (AEOPO) Wild/Weed
* Sumner-Kalkun JC, Highet F, Arnsdorf YM, Back E, Carnegie M, Madden S, Carboni S, Billaud W, Lawrence Z, Kenyon D (2020) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ distribution and diversity in Scotland and the characterisation of novel haplotypes from Craspedolepta spp. (Psyllidae: Aphalaridae). Scientific Reports 10,16567 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73382-9
------- confirmed host, haplotype not determined.
Anthriscus sylvestris (ANRSY) Wild/Weed
* Haapalainen M, Wang J, Latvala S, Lehtonen MT, Pirhonen M, Nissinen AI (2018) Genetic variation of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' haplotype C and identification of a novel haplotype from Trioza urticae and stinging nettle. Phytopathology 108(8), 925-934.

* Sumner-Kalkun JC, Highet F, Arnsdorf YM, Back E, Carnegie M, Madden S, Carboni S, Billaud W, Lawrence Z, Kenyon D (2020) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ distribution and diversity in Scotland and the characterisation of novel haplotypes from Craspedolepta spp. (Psyllidae: Aphalaridae). Scientific Reports 10,16567 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73382-9
------- confirmed host, haplotype not determined.
Chenopodium album (CHEAL) Wild/Weed
* Sumner-Kalkun JC, Highet F, Arnsdorf YM, Back E, Carnegie M, Madden S, Carboni S, Billaud W, Lawrence Z, Kenyon D (2020) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ distribution and diversity in Scotland and the characterisation of novel haplotypes from Craspedolepta spp. (Psyllidae: Aphalaridae). Scientific Reports 10,16567 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73382-9
------- confirmed host, haplotype not determined.
Daucus aureus (DAUAU) Wild/Weed
* Monger WA, Jeffries CJ (2017) A survey of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in historical seed from collections of carrot and related Apiaceae species. European Journal of Plant Pathology 150(3), 803-815.
Fallopia convolvulus (POLCO) Wild/Weed
* Haapalainen M, Latvala S, Wickström A, Wang J, Pirhonen M, Nissinen AI (2019) A novel haplotype of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ found in Apiaceae and Polygonaceae family plants. European Journal of Plant Pathology. DOI : 10.1007/s10658-019-01890-0
Galium sp. (GALSS) Wild/Weed
* Sumner-Kalkun JC, Highet F, Arnsdorf YM, Back E, Carnegie M, Madden S, Carboni S, Billaud W, Lawrence Z, Kenyon D (2020) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ distribution and diversity in Scotland and the characterisation of novel haplotypes from Craspedolepta spp. (Psyllidae: Aphalaridae). Scientific Reports 10,16567 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73382-9
------- confirmed host, haplotype not determined.
Lycium barbarum (LYUHA) Wild/Weed
* Cooper WR, Horton DR, Milickzy E, Wohleb CH, Waters TD (2019) The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: suitability of non-crop
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum. American Journal of Potato Research. DOI: 10.1007/s12230-019-09712-z
------- Found to be NOT susceptible in this study.

* Wen A, Mallik I, Alvarado VY, Pasche JS, Wang X, Li W, Scholthof HB, Mirkov TE, Rus CM, Gudmestad NC (2009) Detection, distribution, and genetic variability of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species associated with zebra complex disease of potato in North America. Plant Disease 93, 1102–1115.
------- Listed as a potential host (but not confirmed in subsequent studies - see above).
Persicaria lapathifolia (POLLA) Wild/Weed
* Haapalainen M, Latvala S, Wickström A, Wang J, Pirhonen M, Nissinen AI (2019) A novel haplotype of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ found in Apiaceae and Polygonaceae family plants. European Journal of Plant Pathology. DOI : 10.1007/s10658-019-01890-0
Solanum americanum (SOLAM) Wild/Weed
* Wen A, Mallik I, Alvarado VY, Pasche JS, Wang X, Li W, Scholthof HB, Mirkov TE, Rus CM, Gudmestad NC (2009) Detection, distribution, and genetic variability of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species associated with zebra complex disease of potato in North America. Plant Disease 93, 1102–1115.
Solanum dulcamara (SOLDU) Wild/Weed
* Cooper WR, Horton DR, Milickzy E, Wohleb CH, Waters TD (2019) The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: suitability of non-crop
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum. American Journal of Potato Research. DOI: 10.1007/s12230-019-09712-z
------- Found to be susceptible in this study.

* Murphy AF, Catling RA, Goyer A, Hamm PB, Rondon SI (2014) First report of natural infection by 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' in bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara) in the Columbia Basin of Eastern Oregon. Plant Disease 98(10), 1425-1426.
Solanum elaeagnifolium (SOLEL) Wild/Weed
* Wen A, Mallik I, Alvarado VY, Pasche JS, Wang X, Li W, Scholthof HB, Mirkov TE, Rus CM, Gudmestad NC (2009) Detection, distribution, and genetic variability of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species associated with zebra complex disease of potato in North America. Plant Disease 93, 1102–1115.
Solanum umbelliferum (SOLXN) Wild/Weed
* Mauck KE, Sun P, Meduri V, Hansen AK (2019) New Ca. Liberibacter psyllaurous haplotype resurrected from a 49-year-old specimen of Solanum umbelliferum: a native host of the psyllid vector. Scientific Reports 9(1),  p 9530.
Urtica dioica (URTDI) Wild/Weed
* Haapalainen M, Wang J, Latvala S, Lehtonen MT, Pirhonen M, Nissinen AI (2018) Genetic variation of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ Haplotype C and identification of a novel haplotype from Trioza urticae and stinging nettle. Phytopathology 108(8), 925–934. 
DOI https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-12-17-0410-R
------- New haplotype (U) detected in Urtica dioica in Finland.

* Sumner-Kalkun JC, Highet F, Arnsdorf YM, Back E, Carnegie M, Madden S, Carboni S, Billaud W, Lawrence Z, Kenyon D (2020) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ distribution and diversity in Scotland and the characterisation of novel haplotypes from Craspedolepta spp. (Psyllidae: Aphalaridae). Scientific Reports 10,16567 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73382-9
------- confirmed host, haplotype U.
Anthriscus cerefolium (ANRCE) Host
* Hajri A, Loiseau M, Cousseau-Suhard P, Renaudin I, Gentit P (2017) Genetic characterization of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' haplotypes associated with apiaceous crops in France. Plant Disease 101(8), 1383-1390.
Apium graveolens var. rapaceum (APUGR) Host
* Monger WA, Jeffries CJ (2017) A survey of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in historical seed from collections of carrot and related Apiaceae species. European Journal of Plant Pathology 150(3), 803-815.
Foeniculum vulgare (FOEVU) Host
* Hajri A, Loiseau M, Cousseau-Suhard P, Renaudin I, Gentit P (2017) Genetic characterization of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' haplotypes associated with apiaceous crops in France. Plant Disease 101(8), 1383-1390.
Nicotiana tabacum (NIOTA) Host
* Aguilar E, Sengoda VG, Bextine B, McCue KF, Munyaneza JE (2013) First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ on tobacco in Honduras. Plant Disease 97(10), p 1376.
Pastinaca sativa (PAVSA) Host
* Hajri A, Loiseau M, Cousseau-Suhard P, Renaudin I, Gentit P (2017) Genetic characterization of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' haplotypes associated with apiaceous crops in France. Plant Disease 101(8), 1383-1390.
Physalis peruviana (PHYPE) Host
* Caicedo J, Vallejo M, Simbaña L, Rivera LI (2020) First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' causing leaf discoloration and wilting in tamarillo and cape gooseberry in Ecuador. New Disease Reports 41, 30. http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2020.041.030

* Liefting LW, Ward LI, Shiller JB, Clover GRG (2008) A new ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species in Solanum betaceum (tamarillo) and Physalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) in New Zealand. Plant Disease 92, p 1588.
Physalis philadelphica (PHYIX) Host
* Contreras-Rendón A, Sánchez-Pale JR, Fuentes-Aragón D, Alanís-Martínez I, Silva-Rojas HV (2019) Conventional and qPCR reveals the presence of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ haplotypes A, and B in Physalis philadelphica plant, seed, and Βactericera cockerelli psyllids, with the assignment of a new haplotype H in Convolvulaceae. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. DOI: 10.1007/s10482-019-01362-9
Solanum betaceum (CYJBE) Host
* Caicedo J, Vallejo M, Simbaña L, Rivera LI (2020) First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' causing leaf discoloration and wilting in tamarillo and cape gooseberry in Ecuador. New Disease Reports 41, 30. http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2020.041.030

* Liefting LW, Ward LI, Shiller JB, Clover GRG (2008b) A new ‘Candidatus Liberibacter’ species in Solanum betaceum (tamarillo) and Physalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) in New Zealand. Plant Disease 92, p 1588.
Solanum melongena (SOLME) Host
* Munyaneza JE, Sengoda VG, Aguilar E, Bextine BR, McCue KF (2013) First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' infecting eggplant in Honduras. Plant Disease 97(12), p 1654.
Convolvulus arvensis (CONAR) Experimental
* Cooper WR, Horton DR, Milickzy E, Wohleb CH, Waters TD (2019) The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: suitability of non-crop
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum. American Journal of Potato Research. DOI: 10.1007/s12230-019-09712-z
------- Found to be NOT susceptible in this study.

* Torres GL, Cooper WR, Horton DR, Swisher KD, Garczynski SF, Munyaneza JE, Barcenas NM (2015) Horizontal transmission of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' by Bactericera cockerelli (Hemiptera: Triozidae) on Convolvulus and Ipomoea (Solanales: Convolvulaceae). PLOS ONE 10(11), e0142734.
Datura stramonium (DATST) Experimental
* Cooper WR, Horton DR, Milickzy E, Wohleb CH, Waters TD (2019) The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: suitability of non-crop
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum. American Journal of Potato Research. DOI: 10.1007/s12230-019-09712-z
------- Found to be susceptible in this study.
Hyoscyamus niger (HSYNI) Experimental
* Cooper WR, Horton DR, Milickzy E, Wohleb CH, Waters TD (2019) The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: suitability of non-crop
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum. American Journal of Potato Research. DOI: 10.1007/s12230-019-09712-z
------- Found to be susceptible in this study.
Ipomoea batatas (IPOBA) Experimental
* Torres GL, Cooper WR, Horton DR, Swisher KD, Garczynski SF, Munyaneza JE, Barcenas NM (2015) Horizontal transmission of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' by Bactericera cockerelli (Hemiptera: Triozidae) on Convolvulus and Ipomoea (Solanales: Convolvulaceae). PLOS ONE 10(11), e0142734.
Nicotiana attenuata (NIOAT) Experimental
* Cooper WR, Horton DR, Milickzy E, Wohleb CH, Waters TD (2019) The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: suitability of non-crop
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum. American Journal of Potato Research. DOI: 10.1007/s12230-019-09712-z
------- Found to be susceptible in this study.
Physalis longifolia (PHYLF) Experimental
* Cooper WR, Horton DR, Milickzy E, Wohleb CH, Waters TD (2019) The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: suitability of non-crop
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum. American Journal of Potato Research. DOI: 10.1007/s12230-019-09712-z
------- Found to be susceptible in this study.
Solanum rostratum (SOLRS) Experimental
* Cooper WR, Horton DR, Milickzy E, Wohleb CH, Waters TD (2019) The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: suitability of non-crop
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum. American Journal of Potato Research. DOI: 10.1007/s12230-019-09712-z
------- Found to be susceptible in this study.
Solanum triflorum (SOLTR) Experimental
* Cooper WR, Horton DR, Milickzy E, Wohleb CH, Waters TD (2019) The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: suitability of non-crop
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum. American Journal of Potato Research. DOI: 10.1007/s12230-019-09712-z
------- Found to be susceptible in this study.