EPPO Global Database

Urtica dioica(URTDI)

Last modification: 2002-02-25

Basic information
  • EPPO code: URTDI
  • Preferred name: Urtica dioica
  • Authority: Linnaeus


Europe and Mediterranean, Caucasus, Siberia, Russian Far East, Central Asia, China, Himalayas,   western North America. A very familiar perennial weed of waste ground. Also naturalized as a weed in other continents. Used in traditional medicine

WSSA list of weeds in North America

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Urtica dioica subsp. dioica Linnaeus

Common names
Name Language
коприва Bulgarian
обикновена коприва Bulgarian
ortiga gran Catalan
ortiga grossa Catalan
ortiga major Catalan
xiripia Catalan
kopřiva dvoudomá Czech
stor nælde Danish
Donnernessel German
große Brennessel German
grote brandnetel German
zweihäusige Nessel German
πολυετής τσουκνίδα Greek
common nettle English (GB)
perennial nettle English
stinging nettle English
tall nettle English (AU)
achum Spanish
achume Spanish
achune Spanish
chordiga Spanish
ortiga caballuna Spanish (CL)
ortiga grande Spanish
ortiga mayor Spanish
ortiga vulgar Spanish
urtica maior Spanish
kõrvenõges Estonian
etelännokkonen Finnish
isonokkonen Finnish
nokkonen Finnish
grande ortie French
ortie French
ortie commune French
ortie dioïque French
ortie vivace French
dvodomna kopriva Croatian
velika kopriva Croatian
nagy csalán Hungarian
brenninetla Icelandic
ortica comune Italian
ortica maggiore Italian
ortica maschia Italian
didžioji dilgėlė Lithuanian
lielā nātre Latvian
grote brandnetel Dutch
stornesle Norwegian
vanlig stornesle Norwegian
pokrzywa zwyczajna Polish
urtiga-maior Portuguese
urtigão Portuguese
urzică Romanian
жгучка Russian
костырка Russian
крапива Russian
крапива двудомная Russian
спорекуша Russian
стреканка Russian
pŕhľava dvojdomá Slovak
žihľava dvojdomá Slovak
velika kopriva Slovene
hithër Albanian
hithri Albanian
обична коприва Serbian
brännässla Swedish
vanlig brännässla Swedish
ısırgan Turkish
кропива дводомна Ukrainian
yì zhū qián má Chinese
异株荨麻 Chinese