EPPO Global Database

Malus domestica(MABSD)

Pests

Organism Type
Anarsia lineatella (as Malus) (ANARLI) Incidental
Anastrepha fraterculus (as Malus) (ANSTFR) Incidental
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Incidental
* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp.

* Eskafi FM, Cunningham RT (1987) Host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 70, 116-123.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali' (as Malus) (PHYPMA) Incidental
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni' (PHYPPN) Incidental
Carposina sasakii (as Malus) (CARSSA) Incidental
Cherry leaf roll virus (CLRV00) Incidental
Colletotrichum acutatum (COLLAC) Incidental
Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV0) Incidental
* Çelik A, Ertunç F (2019) First report of prunus necrotic ringspot virus infecting apple in Turkey. Journal of Plant Pathology 101, p 1227. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42161-019-00286-7
------- In Bursa province, Turkey.
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Incidental
Tomato ringspot virus (as Malus) (TORSV0) Incidental
Adoxophyes orana (CAPURE) Major
Alternaria mali (ALTEMA) Major
Anoplophora chinensis (as Malus) (ANOLCN) Major
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Anthonomus pomorum (ANTHPO) Major
Anthonomus quadrigibbus (TACYQU) Major
Apple chat fruit agent (APCF00) Major
Apple green crinkle agent (APGC00) Major
Apple mosaic virus (APMV00) Major
Apple ringspot agent (APRS00) Major
Apple rough skin agent (APRSK0) Major
Apple rubbery wood agent (ARW000) Major
Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV00) Major
Apriona cinerea (APRICI) Major
* Bhagat RC (2017) Coleopteran-fauna (Insecta) infesting fruit plantations in Jammu & Kashmir state (India): An annotated checklist and biodiversity. International Journal of Current Research in Biosciences and Plant Biology 4(2), 60-66. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2017.402.008
Apriona germari (APRIGE) Major
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Botryosphaeria kuwatsukai (PHYOPI) Major
* Xu C, Wang CS, Ju LL, Zhang R, Biggs AR, Tanaka E, Li BZ, Sun GY (2015) Multiple locus genealogies and phenotypic characters reappraise the causal agent of apple ring rot in China. Fungal Diversity 71, 215-231.
------- Taxonomic description. Epitype from Shaanxi from apple (Malus domestica) fruit.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali' (PHYPMA) Major
Carposina sasakii (CARSSA) Major
Chondrostereum purpureum (as Malus) (STERPU) Major
Choristoneura rosaceana (CHONRO) Major
Comstockaspis perniciosa (QUADPE) Major
Cydia pomonella (CARPPO) Major
Diaporthe eres (DIAPER) Major
Diplocarpon mali (DIPCML) Major
Epiphyas postvittana (TORTPO) Major
Erwinia amylovora (ERWIAM) Major
* Bobev SG, Maes M, van Vaerenbergh J, Tahzima R (2010) Fire blight spread in Bulgaria and characteristics of the pathogen Erwinia amylovora. Acta Horticulturae no. 896, 133-140.

* Giorgi S, Scortichini M (2005) Molecular characterization of Erwinia amylovora strains from different host plants through RFLP analysis and sequencing of hrpN and dspA/E genes. Plant Pathology 54, 789-798.

* Taylor RK, Guilford PJ, Clark RG, Hale CN, Forster RLS (2001) Detection of Erwinia amylovora in plant material using novel polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 29, 35-43.

* Van der Zwet, Keil HL (1979) Fire blight: a bacterial disease of rosaceous Plants. USDA Handbook no. 510. USDA, Washington (US), 200 p.
Grapholita inopinata (CYDIIN) Major
Grapholita prunivora (LASPPR) Major
Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae (GYMNJV) Major
Gymnosporangium yamadae (GYMNYA) Major
Hyphantria cunea (HYPHCU) Major
Leucoptera malifoliella (LEUCSC) Major
Malacosoma parallela (MALAPA) Major
Meloidogyne mali (MELGMA) Major
* Itoh Y, Ohshima Y, Ichinohe M (1969) A root–knot nematode, Meloidogyne mali n. sp. on apple–tree from Japan (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology 4: 194-202
------- Confirmed host (as Malus pumila).
Monilinia fructigena (MONIFG) Major
Monilinia polystroma (MONIPO) Major
Neonectria ditissima (as Malus) (NECTGA) Major
Operophtera brumata (CHEIBR) Major
Phlyctema vagabunda (as Malus) (PEZIAL) Major
Phlyctinus callosus (PHLYCA) Major
* Barnes BN, Pringle KL (1989) Oviposition by the banded fruit weevil, Phlyctinus callosus (Schoenherr) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in deciduous fruit orchards in South Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research 79, 31-40
Phyllosticta solitaria (PHYSSL) Major
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Major
Popillia japonica (POPIJA) Major
* Fleming WE (1972) Biology of the Japanese beetle. Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Service, USDA no 1449, 129 pp.
Rhagoletis pomonella (RHAGPO) Major
* Benjamin FH (1934)  Descriptions of some native trypetid flies with notes on their habits.  United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 401, 95 pp.

* Wasbauer MS (1972) An annotated host catalog of the fruit flies of America north of Mexico (Diptera: Tephritidae).  Occasional papers, California Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology 19, 172 pp. 
-------Confirmed host (as Malus pumila).

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- Confirmed host.
Rhizobium rhizogenes (AGRBRH) Major
Saperda candida (SAPECN) Major
Thrips imaginis (THRIIM) Major
Trichoferus campestris (HESOCA) Major
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Living host.

* Lim J, Jung SY, Lim JS, Jang J, Kim KM, Lee YM, Lee BW (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53, 111-133.
------- Living host.
Trichoferus campestris (as Malus) (HESOCA) Major
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Preferred living host.

* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Trirachys sartus (AELSSA) Major
* Ahmad MI, Hafiz IA, Chaudhry MI (1977) Biological studies of Aeolesthes sarta Solksy attacking poplars in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Forestry 27, 123-129. 

* Bhagat RC (2017) Coleopteran-fauna (Insecta) infesting fruit plantations in Jammu & Kashmir state (India): An annotated checklist and biodiversity. International Journal of Current Research in Biosciences and Plant Biology 4(2), 60-66. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrbp.2017.402.008 
Turanoclytus namanganensis (XYLONM) Major
Xylosandrus crassiusculus (XYLBCR) Major
Alternaria mali (as Malus) (ALTEMA) Minor
Anastrepha fraterculus (ANSTFR) Minor
Anoplophora glabripennis (ANOLGL) Minor
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.

* van der Gaag DJ, Loomans AJM (2014) Host plants of Anoplophora glabripennis, a review. EPPO Bulletin 44(3), 518-528.
------- Confirmed host: one record of 2 exit holes in China. Cage study in Austria.
Anthonomus pomorum (as Malus) (ANTHPO) Minor
Anthonomus quadrigibbus (as Malus) (TACYQU) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (as Malus) (DACUDO) Minor
Botryosphaeria kuwatsukai (as Malus) (PHYOPI) Minor
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Minor
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Minor
Ceratitis rosa (as Malus) (CERTRO) Minor
Cherry rasp leaf virus (CRLV00) Minor
* Hansen AJ; Parish CL (1990) Transmissible fruit disorders. In: Jones AL, Aldwinckle HS (eds.) Compendium of Apple and Pear Diseases. St Paul, MN, USA: APS Press, 77-78.

* Parish CL (1976) A comparison between the causal agents of cherry rasp leaf and flat apple diseases. Acta Horticulturae 67, 199-202.

* Parish CL (1977) A relationship between flat apple disease and cherry rasp leaf disease. Phytopathology 67(8), 982-984
Comstockaspis perniciosa (as Malus) (QUADPE) Minor
Conotrachelus nenuphar (CONHNE) Minor
* Brown MW (2005) Host utilization and phenology of injury by plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in West Virginia. Journal of Entomological Science 40(2), 149–157.

* Chapman PJ (1938) The plum curculio as an apple pest. New York State Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 684, 75 pp.

* Leskey TC, Wright SE (2007) Host preference of the plum curculio. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 123(3), 217-227.

* Maier CT (1990) Native and exotic rosaceous hosts of apple, plum and quince curculio larvae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the northeastern United States. Environmental Entomology 83(4), 1326–1332.

* Williams MA, Strang JG, Bessin RT, Law D, Scott D, Wilson N, Witt S, Archbold DD (2015) An assessment of organic apple production in Kentucky. HortTechnology 25(2), 154-161.
Conotrachelus nenuphar (as Malus) (CONHNE) Minor
Cytospora ceratosperma (VALSCE) Minor
Diabrotica speciosa (DIABSC) Minor
Diplocarpon mali (as Malus) (DIPCML) Minor
Eotetranychus lewisi (EOTELE) Minor
* Citalan Estrada R (1998) Evaluacion de la efectividad biologica de formetanato para el control del acaro Eotetranychus lewisi McGregor en el cultivo del manzano en la region de Canatlan, Durango. Universidad Autonoma Agraria Antonio Narro (UAAAN), Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico: 81 pp.
Erwinia amylovora (as Malus) (ERWIAM) Minor
* Van der Zwet, Keil HL (1979) Fire blight: a bacterial disease of rosaceous Plants. USDA Handbook no. 510. USDA, Washington (US), 200 pp.

* Zeller W (1977) Studies on fire blight in the German Federal Republic. 2. Susceptibility of woody ornamentals to Erwinia amylovora. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes 29(1 ), p 1-10."
Grapholita inopinata (as Malus) (CYDIIN) Minor
Grapholita molesta (LASPMO) Minor
Grapholita molesta (as Malus) (LASPMO) Minor
Grapholita packardi (LASPPA) Minor
Grapholita packardi (as Malus) (LASPPA) Minor
Grapholita prunivora (as Malus) (LASPPR) Minor
Gymnosporangium clavipes (GYMNCL) Minor
Gymnosporangium clavipes (as Malus) (GYMNCL) Minor
Gymnosporangium globosum (GYMNGL) Minor
Gymnosporangium globosum (as Malus) (GYMNGL) Minor
Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae (as Malus) (GYMNJV) Minor
Gymnosporangium yamadae (as Malus) (GYMNYA) Minor
Hyphantria cunea (as Malus) (HYPHCU) Minor
Lepidosaphes ussuriensis (as Malus) (LEPSUS) Minor
Lopholeucaspis japonica (LOPLJA) Minor
Lymantria dispar (LYMADI) Minor
Lymantria mathura (LYMAMA) Minor
Malacosoma americanum (MALAAM) Minor
Malacosoma americanum (as Malus) (MALAAM) Minor
Malacosoma disstria (as Malus) (MALADI) Minor
Malacosoma parallela (as Malus) (MALAPA) Minor
Monilinia fructicola (MONIFC) Minor
* Pereira WV, May-De-Mio LL (2018) First report of brown rot caused by Monilinia fructicola on apple in Brazil. Plant Disease 102(12), p 2657.
------- In Parana state, Brazil.
Monilinia fructicola (as Malus) (MONIFC) Minor
Monilinia polystroma (as Malus) (MONIPO) Minor
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Minor
* González (1989) Insectos y acaros de importancia agricola y cuarentenaria en Chile. Universidad de Chile: 310 pp
------- confirmed host (as manzano)

* Lanteri A, del Río MG (2017) Naupactus xanthographus (Germar) species group (Curculionidae: Entiminae: Naupactini): a comprehensive taxonomic treatment. Journal of Natural History 51, 27-28.

* Sinavimo (2019) Naupactus xanthographus Sistema Nacional Argentino de Vigilancia y Monitoreo de plagas. Available at: https://www.sinavimo.gov.ar/plaga/naupactus-xanthographus
------- causing damage on buds, leaves, roots.
Phyllosticta solitaria (as Malus) (PHYSSL) Minor
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Minor
Pseudococcus calceolariae (PSECGA) Minor
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Minor
Trichodorus viruliferus (TRIHVI) Minor
Trirachys sartus (as Malus) (AELSSA) Minor
* Gaffar SA, Bhat AA (1991) Management of stem borer, Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky), infesting walnut trees in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Forestry 14, 138- 141.
Turanoclytus namanganensis (as Malus) (XYLONM) Minor
Agrilus mali (AGRLMA) Unclassified
* Jendek E, Poláková J (2014) Host plants of world Agrilus (Coleoptera, Buprestidae). A critical review. Springer International Publishing, 706 pp.
Agrobacterium tumefaciens (as Malus) (AGRBTU) Unclassified
Anastrepha serpentina (ANSTSE) Unclassified
Anoplophora chinensis (ANOLCN) Unclassified
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Anoplophora glabripennis (as Malus) (ANOLGL) Unclassified
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV0) Unclassified
Apple stem pitting virus (ASPV00) Unclassified
Apriona germari (as Malus) (APRIGE) Unclassified
Apriona rugicollis (as Malus) (APRIJA) Unclassified
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Unclassified
* Duyck PF, David P, Pavoine S, Quilici S (2008) Can host-range allow niche differentiation of invasive polyphagous fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in La Réunion? Ecological Entomology 33(4), 439-452.

* White IM, Elson-Harris MM (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CABI Wallingford (GB), 601 pp.
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (TORTPR) Unclassified
Cacopsylla melanoneura (PSYLME) Unclassified
'Candidatus Liberibacter europaeus' (LIBEEU) Unclassified
Ceratitis quilicii (CERTQI) Unclassified
* De Meyer M, Mwatawala M, Copeland RS, Virgilio M (2016) Description of new Ceratitis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) from Africa, or how morphological and DNA data are complementary in discovering unknown species and matching sexes. European Journal of Taxonomy 233, 1-23. 
------- Confirmed host.
Ceroplastes ceriferus (CERPCE) Unclassified
Chrysobothris femorata (CHRBFE) Unclassified
* Brooks FE (1919) The flat-headed apple-tree borer. Farmers' bulletin (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) 1065. 15pp. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1919 
------ confirmed host
Chrysobothris femorata (as Malus) (CHRBFE) Unclassified
* Paiero SM, Jackson MD, Jewiss-Gaines A, Kimoto T, Gill BD, Marshall SA (2012) Field guide to the jewel beetles of northeastern North America. Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Chrysomphalus aonidum (CHRYFI) Unclassified
Cytospora mali (VALSMA) Unclassified
Drosophila suzukii (DROSSU) Unclassified
* Kanzawa T (1935) Research into the fruit-fly Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Preliminary Report). Yamanashi Prefecture Agricultural Experiment Station Report. Japan.

* Kanzawa T (1939) Studies on Drosophila suzukii Mats. Kofu, Yanamashi Agricultural Experimental Station, Japan.

* Walsh DB, Bolda MP, Goodhue RE, Dreves AJ, Lee J, Bruck DJ, Walton VM, O’Neil SD, Zalon FG (2011) Drosophila suzukii (Diptera; Drosophilidae): invasive pest of ripening soft fruit expanding its geographic range and damage potential. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 2(1), G1-G7
Erthesina fullo (ERTNFU) Unclassified
* Mi Q, Zhang J, Gould E, Chen J, Sun Z, Zhang F (2020) Biology, ecology, and management of Erthesina fullo (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): A review. Insects 11, 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11060346
Grapholita funebrana (LASPFU) Unclassified
Halyomorpha halys (HALYHA) Unclassified
Lycorma delicatula (LYCMDE) Unclassified
Megaplatypus mutatus (PLTPMU) Unclassified
* INTERNET
Sistema Nacional Argentino de Vigilancia y Monitoreo de plagas. Megaplatypus mutatus. https://www.sinavimo.gov.ar/plaga/megaplatypus-mutatus
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Malus) (PLTPMU) Unclassified
* Allegro G, Griffo R (2008) I rischi di diffusione di Megaplatypus mutatus. L'informatore Agrario no. 13, 73-76.
Neofabraea malicorticis (PEZIMA) Unclassified
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Unclassified
Oemona hirta (as Malus) (OEMOHI) Unclassified
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Unclassified
* Ontario Apple IPM (2009) White marked tussock moth. http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/IPM/english/apples/insects/whit
e-marked-tussock-moth.html#advanced 
Orgyia leucostigma (as Malus) (HEMELE) Unclassified
* Van Driesche RG, LaForest JH, Bargeron CT, Reardon RC, Herlihy M (2012) Forest Pest Insects in North America: a Photographic Guide. USDA Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, WV. FHTET-2012-02.
Phytophthora cactorum (PHYTCC) Unclassified
Phytophthora cryptogea (PHYTCR) Unclassified
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Unclassified
Pseudococcus comstocki (PSECCO) Unclassified
Pseudococcus comstocki (as Malus) (PSECCO) Unclassified
Ricania speculum (RICASC) Unclassified
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Unclassified
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
------- As Malus pumila.
Tetranychus mexicanus (TETRME) Unclassified
* Flechtmann CHW (1967) Contribution to knowledge of the mites of plants of some regions of the State of Sao Paulo (as a systematic survey including new species). Piracicaba, Brasil: 47.
Thrips hawaiiensis (THRIHA) Unclassified
Xylotrechus chinensis (XYLOCH) Unclassified
* Han Y, Lee D (2010) Taxonomic review of the genus Xylotrechus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae) in Korea with a newly recorded species. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 49(2), 69–82. https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2010.49.2.069
-------- As Malus pumila.