EPPO Global Database

Erwinia amylovora(ERWIAM)

Distribution details in Hungary

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1996
From CABI Disease map 002 (2017): Present, restricted distribution
From NPPO: Present, restricted distribution
EPPO Reporting Service (1996/106) : first found on 1996-04-25 in two neighbouring apple orchards, planted in 1990/1991 at Nyarlörinc near Kecskemét. Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (1997/09) : further surveys showed other outbreaks, mainly in the south of the country (Bacz-Kiskun, Békés, Czongrad, Baranya counties). Eradication and containment measures maintained.

EPPO Reporting Service (1997/090) : provides a map. Occurs on 279 sites (242 ha of infected orchards, 28316 infected trees). Nurseries are free

EPPO Reporting Service (1998/140) : in 1997, disease found in 17 counties at 133 locations, on 1195 ha (469 ha gardens, 726 ha orchards). A map is provided. Nurseries remain free.

EPPO Reporting Service (1999/058) : NPPO reports for 1998 that it was found in 11 countries at 58 locations, on 651 ha (49 ha infected gardens and 602 ha infected orchards). 21230 trees infected. A map is provided. Nurseries remain free.

EPPO Reporting Service (2000/100) : in 1999, found in 9 counties at 60 sites on 467 ha (9 ha of private gardens and 457 ha of orchards). 35708 trees infected. One nursery was found infested at Alsótekeres in Fejér County, all others were free.

EPPO Reporting Service (2001/083) : in 2000, found in 18 counties, in 18234 private gardens and on 3780 ha of orchards (295150 infected trees). The single nursery in Fejér county remains infected. No other nursery found infected.

EPPO Reporting Service (2002/159) : in 2001, found in 12 counties on 2045 ha of orchards and 3000 ha of private gardens.
* Hevesi M (1996) Novenyvedelem 32 (5), 225-228.
------- First record.

* Lorincz-Izsanyi G, Sotonyi J, Szakal M, Mezo G, Simon Z (2001) Novenyvedelem 37 (1), 18-19.

* Nemeth J (1999) Acta Horticulturae 489, 177-185.

* Végh A, Hajagos L, Palkovics L (2012) First report of Erwinia amylovora causing fireblight on plum (Prunus domestica) in Hungary. Plant Disease 96(5), p 759.

* Végh A, Hevesi M, Pajtli E, Palkovics L (2017) Characterization of Erwinia amylovora strains from Hungary. European Journal of Plant Pathology 147(2), 455-461.
------ Population consists of different strains and show great diversity.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Austria Present, restricted distribution view...
Croatia Present, restricted distribution view...
Romania Present, widespread view...
Serbia Present, restricted distribution view...
Slovakia Present, few occurrences view...
Slovenia Present, restricted distribution view...
Ukraine Present, restricted distribution view...