EPPO Global Database

Erwinia amylovora(ERWIAM)

Distribution details in Romania

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2011: Present, widespread
First recorded in: 1992
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, widespread (2011-06)
From CABI Disease map 002 (2017): Present, widespread
EPPO Reporting Service (1993/170) : first observed in 1992-08 near Braila and then in pear collection of Fruit Research Institute in Pitesti-Maracineni. Numerous trees of many cultivars were affected. Probably already present at least a year. See also EPPO Reporting Service 93/203.

EPPO Reporting Service (1997/09) : now present in 16 southeastern districts and central-northern districts.

Considered to be widespread (NPPO, 2011).
* Baicu T, Severin V, Braniste N, Rachiteanu A, Amzat V, van der Zwet T (1994) Bulletin OEPP 24 (1), 129-134.

* Constantinescu F, Dascalu LG, Manole F, Radulescu V, Pprea E, Saviuc C, Severin V, Sesan TE (2010) Fire blight (Erwinia amylovora) status in Romania: distribution, strains characterization and disease control. Abstract of a paper presented at the 12th International Workshop on fire blight (Warsaw, PL, 2010-07-16/20), p 72.
------- First found in 1992, widespread across the 42 Romanian counties.

* Jakab-Ilyefalvi, Z.; Platon, I.; Festila, A. (2012) Fruit Growing Research 28, Article 4.

* Militaru, M.; Braniste, N.; Butac, M.; Calinescu, M.; Sestras, A.; Fodor, M. (2012) Fruit Growing Research 28, Article 6.

* NPPO of Romania (2011-06).
------- Widespread.

* Severin V, Constantinescu F, Jianu F (1999) Acta Horticulturae 489, 79-84.
------- First recorded on apple and pear in 1992.

* Tomsa M, Tomsa E, Ungurusan I, Cristea O, Medar C, Bologa V, Costea G (2002) Revista Romana de Parazitologie 12 (1), 102-104.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Bulgaria Present, widespread view...
Hungary Present, restricted distribution view...
Moldova Absent, pest eradicated view...
Serbia Present, restricted distribution view...
Ukraine Present, restricted distribution view...