EPPO Global Database

Prunus armeniaca(PRNAR)

Pests

Organism Type
Chrysobothris femorata (CHRBFE) Doubtful host
* Paiero SM, Jackson MD, Jewiss-Gaines A, Kimoto T, Gill BD, Marshall SA (2012) Field guide to the jewel beetles of northeastern North America. Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 
------- confirmed host


* Nelson GH, Walters Jr G, Haines R & Bellamy C (2008) A catalog and bibliography of the Buprestoidea of America North of Mexico Coleopterists Society Special Publications. The Coleopterists Society, North Potomac, MD. (Vol. 4).
------- it may refer to other species of the femorata complex as it pre-dates Wellso & Manley, 2007.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum' (as Prunus) (PHYPPR) Experimental
Adoxophyes orana (CAPURE) Host
Agrilus mali (AGRLMA) Host
Agrobacterium tumefaciens (AGRBTU) Host
Aleurocanthus spiniferus (ALECSN) Host
* Cioffi M, Cornara D, Corrado I, Jansen MGM & Porcelli F (2013) The status of Aleurocanthus spiniferus from its unwanted introduction in Italy to date. Bulletin of Insectology 66, 273-281.

* Nugnes F, Laudonia S, Jesu G, Jansen MGM, Bernardo U, Porcelli F (2020) Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in some European countries: diffusion, hosts, molecular characterization, and natural enemies. Insects 11(1), 42. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11010042
------- Confirmed host.
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Prunus) (ALEDDI) Host
American plum line pattern virus (APLPV0) Host
American plum line pattern virus (as Prunus) (APLPV0) Host
Anarsia lineatella (as Prunus) (ANARLI) Host
Anastrepha fraterculus (ANSTFR) Host
* Nasca AJ, Zamora JA, Vergara LE, Jaldo HE (1996) Hospederos de moscas de los frutos en el Valle de Antinaco-Los Colorados, Provincia de La Rioja, República Argentina. Revista de Investigación 10, 19–24.

* Putruele MTG (1996) Hosts for Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus in the northeastern Province of Entre Ríos, Argentina. In Fruit Fly Pests: A World Assessment of Their Biology and Management, BA McPheron & GJ Steck (Eds.), pp. 343–345. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL.

* Rust EW (1918) Anastrepha fraterculus Wied. (Trypetidae)—A severe menace to the southern United States. Journal of Economic Entomology 11, 457–467. 

* Wille TJE (1952) Entomología Agrícola del Perú. Dirección General de Agricultura, Lima, 543 pp.
Anoplophora chinensis (ANOLCN) Host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Apiosporina morbosa (DIBOMO) Host
Apiosporina morbosa (as Prunus) (DIBOMO) Host
Apple mosaic virus (APMV00) Host
Apriona cinerea (as Prunus) (APRICI) Host
* Singh AP, Bhandari RS, Verma TD (2004) Important insect pests of poplars in agroforestry and strategies for their management in northwestern India. Agroforestry Systems 63, 15–26.
Arabis mosaic virus (ARMV00) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Birnbaum AL, Hanlin MA, Nakamichi KA, Inskeep JR, Ching AJF, Marnell SA, Kurashima RS (2019) A review of recorded host plants of oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 3.1. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 4.0.
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Host
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Kapoor VC (1993) Indian fruit flies (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae). Oxford & IBH Publishing, 228 pp,
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Prunus) (TORTPR) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali' (PHYPMA) Host
* Mehle N, Brzin J, Boben J, Hren M, Frank J, Petroviè N, Gruden K, Dreo T, Zezlina, Seljak G and Ravnikar M (2007) First report of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’ in Prunus avium, P. armeniaca and P. domestica. Plant Pathology 56(4), 721.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' (PHYPPH) Host
* Salehi M. Salehi E, Siampour M, Quaglino F, Bianco PA (2018) Apricot yellows associated with ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’ in Iran. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 57(2), 269-283.  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14601/Phytopathol_Mediterr-22588
------- Detected in symptomatic apricot trees in Fars province.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni' (PHYPPN) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni' (as Prunus) (PHYPPN) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Križanac I, Mikec I, Budinščak Ž, Šeruga Musić M, Škorić D (2010) Diversity of phytoplasmas infecting fruit trees and their vectors in Croatia. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 117 (5), 206–213.

* Quaglino F, Zhao Y, Casati P, Bulgari D, Bianco PA, Wei W, Davis RE (2013) ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’, a novel taxon associated with stolbur- and bois noir-related diseases of plants. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63, 2879-2894.
Carposina sasakii (CARSSA) Host
Carposina sasakii (as Prunus) (CARSSA) Host
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* De Meyer M., Copeland RS, Lux SA, Mansell M, Quilici S, Wharton R, White IM, Zenz NJ (2002) Annotated check list of host plants for Afrotropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the genus Ceratitis. Zoologische Documentatie Koninklijk Museum voor Midden Afrika 27, 1-91.
Ceratitis capitata (as Prunus) (CERTCA) Host
Ceratitis quinaria (as Prunus) (CERTQU) Host
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Host
Cherry leaf roll virus (as Prunus) (CLRV00) Host
Chrysobothris mali (CHRBMA) Host
* Burke HE (1919) Biological Notes on the Flatheaded Apple Tree Borer (Chrysobothris Femorata Fab.) and the Pacific Flatheaded Apple Tree Borer (Chryso- Bothris Mali Horn). Journal of Economic Entomology, 12(4), 326–333.
Comstockaspis perniciosa (as Prunus) (QUADPE) Host
Conotrachelus nenuphar (CONHNE) Host
* Brown MW (2005) Host utilization and phenology of injury by plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in West Virginia. Journal of Entomological Science 40(2), 149–157.

* Leskey TC, Wright SE (2007) Host preference of the plum curculio. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 123(3), 217-227.
Cydia pomonella (CARPPO) Host
Cytospora mali (VALSMA) Host
Diabrotica speciosa (as Prunus) (DIABSC) Host
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Adult host.
Epichoristodes acerbella (as Prunus) (EPIOIO) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (as Prunus) (TORTPO) Host
Erthesina fullo (ERTNFU) Host
* Mi Q, Zhang J, Gould E, Chen J, Sun Z, Zhang F (2020) Biology, ecology, and management of Erthesina fullo (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): A review. Insects 11, 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11060346
Erwinia amylovora (ERWIAM) Host
* Van der Zwet, Keil HL (1979) Fire blight: a bacterial disease of rosaceous Plants. USDA Handbook no. 510. USDA, Washington (US), 200 p.

* Végh A, Palkovics L (2016) First occurence of fire blight (Erwinia amylovora) on Prunus species in Hungary. Acta Horticulturae 1149, 31-36.
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (as Prunus) (EUPRCH) Host
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (as Prunus) (EUWAWH) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
------- As host of PSHB (polyphagous shot hole borer).
Grapholita funebrana (as Prunus) (LASPFU) Host
Grapholita molesta (as Prunus) (LASPMO) Host
Grapholita packardi (as Prunus) (LASPPA) Host
Grapholita prunivora (as Prunus) (LASPPR) Host
Halyomorpha halys (HALYHA) Host
Hop stunt viroid (HSVD00) Host
* Amari K, Ruiz D, Gómez G, Sánchez‐Pina MA, Pallás V, Egea J (2007) An important new apricot disease in Spain is associated with hop stunt viroid infection. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 118, 173–181.
Hyphantria cunea (as Prunus) (HYPHCU) Host
Little cherry virus 1 (LCHV10) Host
* Šafářová D, Ševčíková V, Neumanová K, Sucha J, Necas T, Navratil M (2020) Molecular characterisation of little cherry virus 1 infecting apricots in the Czech Republic. European Journal of Plant Pathology 158, 83-97.

* Tahzima R, Qessaoui R, Foucart Y, Massart S, De Jonghe K (2019) First report of little cherry virus 1 infecting apricot (Prunus armeniaca) in Morocco. Plant Disease 103(11), p 2975.
Little cherry virus 1 (as Prunus) (LCHV10) Host
Lycorma delicatula (LYCMDE) Host
* Barringer L, Ciafré CM (2020) Worldwide feeding host plants of spotted lanternfly, with significant additions from North America. Environmental Entomology 49(5), 999–1011.
Lymantria dispar (as Prunus) (LYMADI) Host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Malacosoma americanum (as Prunus) (MALAAM) Host
Malacosoma disstria (as Prunus) (MALADI) Host
Malacosoma parallela (as Prunus) (MALAPA) Host
Margarodes vitis (as Prunus) (MARGVI) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (PLTPMU) Host
* Allegro G, Griffo R (2008) I rischi di diffusione di Megaplatypus mutatus. L'informatore Agrario no. 13, 73-76.

* Griffo R, Pesapane G, Funes H, Gonzalez-Audino P, Germinara GS (2012) Diffusione e controllo di platipo in Campania. L'informatore Agrario no. 31, 66-68.
Monilinia fructicola (MONIFC) Host
Monilinia fructicola (as Prunus) (MONIFC) Host
Monilinia fructigena (as Prunus) (MONIFG) Host
Monilinia polystroma (MONIPO) Host
* Hilber-Bodmer M, Knorst V, Smits THM, Patocchi A (2012) First report of Asian brown rot caused by Monilia polystroma on apricot in Switzerland. Plant Disease 96(1), p 146.
Monilinia polystroma (as Prunus) (MONIPO) Host
Myzus mumecola (MYZUMU) Host
* Panini M, Cocuzza M, Dradi D, Chiesa O, Mazzoni E (2017) First report of Myzus mumecola (Matsumura, 1917) in Europe. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 47(1), 107-110.
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* Caballero VC (1972) Algunos aspectos de la biología y control de Naupactus xanthographus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) en durazneros en Chile. Rev Peru Entomol. 15(1): 190–194

* Lanteri A, del Río MG (2017) Naupactus xanthographus (Germar) species group (Curculionidae: Entiminae: Naupactini): a comprehensive taxonomic treatment. Journal of Natural History 51, 27-28.

* Sinavimo (2019) Naupactus xanthographus Sistema Nacional Argentino de Vigilancia y Monitoreo de plagas. Available at: https://www.sinavimo.gov.ar/plaga/naupactus-xanthographus
------- causing damage on buds, flower, leaves, shoots, roots.
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Host
* Lu W, Wang Q (2005) Systematics of the New Zealand longicorn beetle genus Oemona Newman with discussion of the taxonomic position of the Australian species, O. simplex White (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae). Zootaxa 971, 1-31.
Oligonychus perseae (as Prunus) (OLIGPA) Host
Omophlus lepturoides (as Prunus) (OMOPLE) Host
Operophtera brumata (CHEIBR) Host
Orgyia leucostigma (HEMELE) Host
* Heppner JB (2003) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Volume 17 of Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas. Division of Plant Industry. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Gainesville, Florida. 670 pp
Orgyia leucostigma (as Prunus) (HEMELE) Host
* Dedes J (2014). Whitemarked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Insect Production Services 2 p. https://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/publications?id=35692 
------- as ''cherry''.
Parabemisia myricae (as Prunus) (PRABMY) Host
Peach mosaic virus (PCMV00) Host
Peach mosaic virus (as Prunus) (PCMV00) Host
Peach rosette phytoplasma (PHYP30) Host
* Kenknight G (1976) Peach rosette. In: Diseases and non-infectious disorders of stone fruits in North America. USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 437, pp. 73-76. United States Department of Agriculture, USA.
Peach yellows phytoplasma (PHYP29) Host
Peach yellows phytoplasma (as Prunus) (PHYP29) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Phytophthora cactorum (as Prunus) (PHYTCC) Host
Plum pox virus (as Prunus) (PPV000) Host
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (PSEAPE) Host
Pseudococcus calceolariae (as Prunus) (PSECGA) Host
Pseudococcus comstocki (as Prunus) (PSECCO) Host
Pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum (as Prunus) (PSDMMP) Host
Pseudomonas viridiflava (PSDMVF) Host
Raspberry ringspot virus (RPRSV0) Host
Reptalus panzeri (as Prunus) (REPTPA) Host
Rhagoletis cingulata (as Prunus) (RHAGCI) Host
Rhagoletis fausta (as Prunus) (RHAGFA) Host
Rhagoletis indifferens (RHAGIN) Host
* Yee WL, Thistlewood HMA, Klaus MW (2010) Infestation of apricot by Rhagoletis indifferens Curran (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Washington state and British Columbia. The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 86, 100–103.
------- confirmed host.
Rhagoletis pomonella (RHAGPO) Host
* Lienk SE (1970) Apple maggot infesting apricot. Journal of Economic Entomology, 63, 1684.
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2008) Host use by and new host records of apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in western Washington state.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist 84: 179–193
Scolytus schevyrewi (as Prunus) (SCOLSH) Host
Strawberry latent ringspot virus (SLRSV0) Host
Tomato black ring virus (TBRV00) Host
Tomato black ring virus (as Prunus) (TBRV00) Host
Tomato ringspot virus (as Prunus) (TORSV0) Host
Trichoferus campestris (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Living host.
Trirachys sartus (AELSSA) Host
* Ahmad MI, Hafiz IA, Chaudhry MI (1977) Biological studies of Aeolesthes sarta Solksy attacking poplars in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Forestry 27, 123-129.

* Duffy EAJ (1968) A monograph of the immature stages of Oriental timber beetles (Cerambycidae). Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.

* Gaffar SA, Bhat AA (1991) Management of stem borer, Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky), infesting walnut trees in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Forestry 14, 138- 141.

* Sengupta CK, Sengupta T (1981) Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) of Arunachal Pradesh. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 78, 133-154.
Trirachys sartus (as Prunus) (AELSSA) Host
* Duffy EAJ (1968) A monograph of the immature stages of Oriental timber beetles (Cerambycidae). Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.

* Gaffar SA, Bhat AA (1991) Management of stem borer, Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky), infesting walnut trees in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Forestry 14, 138- 141.

* Gressitt JL (1951) Longicornia. Volume 2. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (as Prunus) (XANTPR) Host
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Host
* Commission database of host plants found to be susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa in the Union Territory (update 12 of 2019-04-11).
------- As X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex.
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex (XYLEFM) Host
* Commission database of host plants found to be susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa in the Union Territory (update 12 of 2019-04-11).
Xylotrechus namanganensis (as Prunus) (XYLONM) Host
Zaprionus indianus (ZAPRIN) Host
Anarsia lineatella (ANARLI) Major host
Anoplophora chinensis (as Prunus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Apricot pseudo-chlorotic leaf spot virus (APCLSV) Major host
Aromia bungii (AROMBU) Major host
* EPPO (2015) Aromia bungii. Datasheets on pests recommended for regulation. EPPO Bulletin 45(1), 4-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12173 
-------- Confirmed host, main host in  China.

* INTERNET
Regione Lombardia (2020) https://www.regione.lombardia.it/wps/portal/istituzionale/HP/DettaglioRedazionale/servizi-e-informazioni/Imprese/Imprese-agricole/servizio-fitosanitario-regionale/organismi-nocivi/aromia-bungii/aromia-bungii

* Liu Q,  Wang Y & Zhou J (1999) Biology of RNL‘s boring trunk and expelling frasss. Journal of China Agricultural University 4 (5), 87-91 (abstract).

* SEAP (Shandong Ecological Afforestation Project) (2009) Integrated pest management plan. Shandong Academy of Environmental Science, E2221 v2, 40 pp. 
'Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum' (PHYPPR) Major host
Ceratitis quinaria (CERTQU) Major host
Drosophila suzukii (DROSSU) Major host
* Kanzawa T (1935) Research into the fruit-fly Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Preliminary Report). Yamanashi Prefecture Agricultural Experiment Station Report. Japan.

* Kanzawa T (1939) Studies on Drosophila suzukii Mats. Kofu, Yanamashi Agricultural Experimental Station, Japan.
Eutypa lata (EUTYLA) Major host
Frankliniella occidentalis (FRANOC) Major host
Grapholita funebrana (LASPFU) Major host
Grapholita molesta (LASPMO) Major host
Plum pox virus (PPV000) Major host
* Damsteegt VD, Scorza R, Stone AL, Schneider WL, Webb K, Demuth M, Gildow FE (2007) Prunus host range of Plum pox virus (PPV) in the United States by aphid and graft inoculation. Plant Disease 91, 18-23.

* Glasa M, Candresse T (2005) Plum pox virus. AAB Description of Plant Viruses. No. 410. http://www.dpvweb.net/dpv/showdpv.php?dpvno=410

* Gottwald TR, Avinent L, Llácer G, Hermoso de Mendoza A, Cambra M (1995) Analysis of the spatial spread of sharka (plum pox virus) in apricot and peach orchards in eastern Spain. Plant Disease 79, 266-278.

* Martínez-Gómez P, Dicenta F, Audergon JM (2000) Behaviour of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars in the presence of sharka (plum pox potyvirus): a review. Agronomie 20, 407-422.
Popillia japonica (POPIJA) Major host
* Fleming WE (1972) Biology of the Japanese beetle. Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Service, USDA no 1449, 129 pp.

* INTERNET
Regione Lombardia. Servizio fitosanitario. Organismi nocivi. Popillia japonica. Specie particolarmente sensibili a Popillia japonica. https://www.regione.lombardia.it/wps/wcm/connect/64dfeeea-c26a-4bf1-995d-660f87136d87/Specie+sensibili+Popillia+japonica+2020.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=ROOTWORKSPACE-64dfeeea-c26a-4bf1-995d-660f87136d87-nbxAUOb
Pseudococcus viburni (as Prunus) (PSECOB) Major host
Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (XANTPR) Major host
Xylotrechus namanganensis (XYLONM) Major host
Anthonomus quadrigibbus (as Prunus) (TACYQU) Wild/Weed