EPPO Global Database

Palm lethal yellowing disease(PHYP56)

Hosts

Important note about the classification of host plants in GD:
Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to a qualitative evaluation of the importance of the host plant for the pest concerned and remain indicative only.
Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Cocos nucifera (CCNNU) Major host
* Rosete YA, Diallo HA, Konan Konan JL, Yankey N, Saleh M, Pilet F, Contaldo N, Paltrinieri S, Bertaccini A, Scott J (2017) Detection and differentiation of the coconut lethal yellowing phytoplasma in coconut-growing villages of Grand-Lahou, Côte d'Ivoire. Annals of Applied Biology 170(3), 33-347.
Arenga (1AGBG) Wild/Weed
Borassus flabellifer (BASFL) Wild/Weed
Caryota urens (CAWUR) Wild/Weed
Cleome rutidosperma (CLERT) Wild/Weed
* Brown SE, McLaughlin WA (2011) Identification of lethal yellowing group (16SrIV) of phytoplasmas in the weeds Stachytarpheta jamaicensis, Macroptilium lathyroides and Cleome rutidosperma in Jamaica. Phytopathogenic Mollicutes 1(1), 27-34.
Corypha (1CPYG) Wild/Weed
Cyanthillium cinereum (VENCI) Wild/Weed
Dictyosperma (1DYTG) Wild/Weed
Gaussia (1GSIG) Wild/Weed
Hyophorbe (1HFBG) Wild/Weed
Latania lontaroides (LTALO) Wild/Weed
Livistona chinensis (LIVCH) Wild/Weed
Macroptilium lathyroides (PHSLY) Wild/Weed
* Brown SE, McLaughlin WA (2011) Identification of lethal yellowing group (16SrIV) of phytoplasmas in the weeds Stachytarpheta jamaicensis, Macroptilium lathyroides and Cleome rutidosperma in Jamaica. Phytopathogenic Mollicutes 1(1), 27-34.
Nannorrhops ritchiana (NNORI) Wild/Weed
Pritchardia pacifica (PWDPA) Wild/Weed
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (STCJA) Wild/Weed
* Brown SE, McLaughlin WA (2011) Identification of lethal yellowing group (16SrIV) of phytoplasmas in the weeds Stachytarpheta jamaicensis, Macroptilium lathyroides and Cleome rutidosperma in Jamaica. Phytopathogenic Mollicutes 1(1), 27-34.
Syagrus sp. (SYASS) Wild/Weed
Synedrella nodiflora (SYDNO) Wild/Weed
Veitchia (1VTHG) Wild/Weed
Acrocomia aculeata (AARSC) Host
* Narvaez M, Cordova-Lara I, Reyes-Martinez C, Puch-Hau C, Mota-Narvaez L, Colli A, Caamal G, Harrison N, Saenz L, Oropeza C (2016) Occurrence of 16SrIV subgroup A phytoplasmas in Roystonea regia and Acrocomia mexicana palms with lethal yellowing-like syndromes in Yucatan, Mexico. Journal of Phytopathology 164(11/12), 1111-1115.
Adonidia merrillii (VTHME) Host
Aiphanes horrida (AHNAL) Host
Aiphanes minima (AHNAC) Host
Allagoptera arenaria (AGAAR) Host
Areca catechu (ARMCA) Host
Arecaceae (1PALF) Host
Arenga pinnata (AGBPI) Host
Brahea brandegeei (BHQBR) Host
* Poghosyan A, Hernandez-Gonzalez J, Lebsky V, Oropeza C, Narvaez M, Leon de La Luz JL (2019) First report of 16SrIV palm lethal yellowing group phytoplasma ('Candidatus Phytoplasma palmae') in palmilla de taco (Brahea brandegeei) and palma colorada (Washingtonia robusta) in the state of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Plant Disease 103(8), p 2122.
------- 16SrIV-D.
Caryota mitis (CAWMI) Host
Cocos (1CCNG) Host
Corypha umbraculifera (CPYUM) Host
Corypha utan (CPYUT) Host
Dictyosperma album (DYTAL) Host
Dypsis decaryi (DYQDE) Host
Dypsis leptocheilos (NEDLE) Host
Dypsis lutescens (CWCLU) Host
Elaeis guineensis (EAIGU) Host
Gaussia attenuata (GSIAT) Host
Howea belmoreana (HOWBE) Host
Howea forsteriana (HOWFO) Host
Livistona australis (LIVAU) Host
Phoenix (1PHXG) Host
Phoenix canariensis (PHXCA) Host
Phoenix dactylifera (PHXDA) Host
Phoenix sylvestris (PHXSY) Host
* Ferguson MH, Singh R (2018) First report of lethal yellowing associated with phytoplasma subgroup 16SrIV-A on silver date palm and Chinese windmill palm in Louisiana. Plant Disease 102(10), p 2028.
Ravenea rivularis (RVNRI) Host
Roystonea regia (ROYRE) Host
* Narvaez M, Cordova-Lara I, Reyes-Martinez C, Puch-Hau C, Mota-Narvaez L, Colli A, Caamal G, Harrison N, Saenz L, Oropeza C (2016) Occurrence of 16SrIV subgroup A phytoplasmas in Roystonea regia and Acrocomia mexicana palms with lethal yellowing-like syndromes in Yucatan, Mexico. Journal of Phytopathology 164(11/12), 1111-1115.
Sabal palmetto (SABPA) Host
* Harrison NA, Helmick EE, Elliott ML (2009) First report of a phytoplasma-associated lethal decline of Sabal palmetto in Florida, USA. Plant Pathol. 2009, 58, 792.
Syagrus schizophylla (SYASC) Host
Trachycarpus fortunei (TRRFO) Host
* Ferguson MH, Singh R (2018) First report of lethal yellowing associated with phytoplasma subgroup 16SrIV-A on silver date palm and Chinese windmill palm in Louisiana. Plant Disease 102(10), p 2028.

* Singh R, Ferguson MH (2017) First report of a ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma palmae’-related subgroup 16SrIV-D phytoplasma on Trachycarpus fortunei. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 12, 59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13314-017-0282-1
Washingtonia robusta (WATRO) Host
* Poghosyan A, Hernandez-Gonzalez J, Lebsky V, Oropeza C, Narvaez M, Leon de La Luz JL (2019) First report of 16SrIV palm lethal yellowing group phytoplasma ('Candidatus Phytoplasma palmae') in palmilla de taco (Brahea brandegeei) and palma colorada (Washingtonia robusta) in the state of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Plant Disease 103(8), p 2122.
------- 16SrIV-D.