EPPO Global Database

Elaeis guineensis(EAIGU)

Code created in: 2002-03-01

Basic information
  • EPPO Code: EAIGU
  • Preferred name: Elaeis guineensis
  • Authority: Jacquin


Tropical Africa. Genome sequence published in 2013. Widely cultivated in the tropics as the source of palm oil, leading to the destruction of much indigenous native forest. Introduced in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Malesia, Madagascar, Central America, Caribbean, Bolivia

Other scientific names
Name Authority
Elaeis madagascariensis Beccarini
Elaeis melanococca Gärtner

Common names
Name Language
African oil palm English
oil palm English
palm oil tree English
Ölpalme German
palmier à huile French
palma africana Spanish
palma de aceite Spanish
palmeira de aceite Spanish
palma da olio Italian
oliepalm Dutch
ababaia Portuguese (BR)
dendém Portuguese
dendenzeiro Portuguese (BR)
palma-de-Guiné Portuguese
palmeira-dendém Portuguese
palmeira-de-óleo-africana Portuguese
palmeira-do-azeite Portuguese
oljepalm Swedish
масличная пальма Russian
olejowiec gwinejski Polish
kelapa sawit Indonesian
oljna palma Slovene