EPPO Global Database

Erwinia amylovora(ERWIAM)

Distribution details in Spain

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2018: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1995
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, only in some parts of the Member State concerned, under eradication (2018-08)
From CABI Disease map 002 (2017): Present, restricted distribution
EPPO Reporting Service (1996/107) : first found in Northern Spain in 1995-08 on cider apples newly planted at Lezo (Guipuzcoa, Pais Basco), 8 km from French border. Under eradication.

1998: several outbreaks.

EPPO Reporting Service (1998/206) : the first focus was followed by others in Guipuzcoa, and one in Navarra. In 1996, there was one focus in Segovia province (Castilla y Léon Province); in 1998, two - Lleida (Catalunya), Guadalajara (Castilla La Mancha). Eradication measures have been applied in all cases.

EPPO Reporting Service (2001/142) : declared absent in Cataluña, Comunidad Valenciana, Islas Baleares. In País Vasco, low incidence in Guipuzcoa province.

EPPO Reporting Service (2000/039) : after the initial find in 1995 in Pais Vasco, spread towards the north throughout the province of Guipuzcoa, mainly on cider apple. After the initial find in 1996 in Navarra, now widespread in the north and centre of Navarra, mainly on pyracantha. Foci in Catalunya in 1997/1999 were detected and eradicated. Small foci in Castilla y Léon and Aragon were found and eradicated.

EPPO Reporting Service (2005/042) : never found in any other area than those mentioned above. Comparison of isolated strains showed them to be very homogeneous.

EPPO Reporting Service (2005/050) : new outbreak near Girona in Cataluña, new outbreak in País Vasco, absent from Castilla y León and La Rioja. Under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2007/137) : outbreaks in Castilla y León, La Rioja, Navarra (one pear orchard). Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2010/084) : outbreaks in Castilla y León, La Rioja, Pais Vasco (1 outbreak on Cotoneaster). Under eradication.

Outbreaks found in Aragon in 2011/2012, under eradication. Outbreaks found in La Rioja and Pais Vasco in 2012. Considered established in Navarra (Anon., 2013).

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/203) : Aragón, Cataluña, Comunidad Valenciana (new outbreak in Montserrat on pear), Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura, La Rioja, Navarra (low incidence). Under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/072) : found on Pyrus bougaeana (Iberian wild pears).

From NPPO (2018): in 2018, outbreaks reported in Cantabria, Comunidad Valenciana and Pais Vasco. Under official control.
* Anonymous (2016) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2015. Phytoma-España no. 278, 16-52 and Phytoma-España no. 279, 16-40.

* Anonymous (2009) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2008. Phytoma-España no. 207, pp 14-50 & 208, pp 36-62 & 209, pp 44-52 & 210, pp 50-55.

* Anonymous (2013) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autonomas en 2012. Phytoma-Espana no.248 & 249, 36-59 & 30-63.
------- Aragon (outbreaks found in Calatayud, Valdejalon, Carinena, Cinca Medio, La Litera - under eradication), Castilla y Leon (1 outbreak in a pear orchard - under eradication), Comunidad Valenciana (under eradication), Navarra, Murcia, La Rioja, Pais Vasco.

* Cruz Blanco J de la (1996) Phytoma España 78, 22-27.

* Donat V, Biosca EG, Rico A, Penalver J, Borruel M, Berra D, Basterretxea T, Murillo J, Lopez MM (2005) Annals of Applied Biology 146, 105-114.

* Lopez MM, Llop P, Donat V, Penalver J, Rico A, Ortiz A, Murillo J, Llorente I, Badosa E, Montesinos E (2002) Acta Horticulturae 590, 35-38.

* Lopez MM. et al. (1998) Fireblight in Spain: situation and monitoring. Abstract of a paper presented at the 8th International Workshop on Fire Blight, Kusadasi, Turkey, 12-15 October 1998, 34.
------- Guipuzcoa, Navarra, Segovia, Lleida and Guadalajara provinces.

* Marco-Noales E, Peñalver J, Navarro I, Gorris MT, Morente MC, Balguerías C, Ramírez JA, Recio C, Ruiz de la Hermosa T, Sancho R, Aedo C, López MM (2017) Iberian wild pear (Pyrus bourgaeana) is a new host of Erwinia amylovora, the causal agent of fire blight. Plant Disease 101(3), p 502.
-------- On Iberian wild pear trees (Pyrus bourgaena).

* Montesinos E, Lopez MM, Murillo J (1999) Phytoma-Espana 114, 128-136.
------- Guipuzcoa, Navarra, Gerona, Segovia, and Huesca provinces.

* NPPP of Spain (2017-12, 2018-01, 2018-02, 2018-08).
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Corse Present, restricted distribution view...
France Present, restricted distribution view...
Morocco Present, restricted distribution view...
Portugal Present, restricted distribution view...