EPPO Global Database

Erwinia amylovora(ERWIAM)

Distribution details in France

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2018: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1972
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, restricted distribution (2011-06)
From CABI Disease map 002 (2017): Present, restricted distribution
Comments
After first appearance in Nord-Pas de Calais in 1972, the disease has been present at a number of foci in Southwestern France since 1978. It has since appeared in numerous areas in Northern and Western France. The 1988 situation is shown in a map in EPPO Reporting Service 500/07, and the 1990 situation in a map in EPPO Reporting Service 512/05.

EPPO Reporting Service (1996/23) : foci were found in Puy-de-Dôme on pear and ornamentals in 1995.

EPPO Reporting Service (1999/173) : two foci found in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in summer 1999.

From NPPO (2011): surveys have confirmed the absence of fireblight in Corse.

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/202) : first record in Corse. Detected during summer 2018 in 2 apple orchards in Haute-Corse. Under eradication.
References
* Grimm R (1978) Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Obst- und Weinbau 114 (26), 733-735.
------- Contains maps of southward spread in Europe.

* Larue P, Vincent M (1990) History of fireblight in France 1972-1989 and administrative measures. Acta horticulturae 273, 57-66.

* Mimaud J (1976) Jardins de France No. 10, 19-20.
------- Contains information on world distribution on Rosaceae.

* NPPO of France (2011-06, 2018-07).

* Vanneste JL, Yu J (1990) Acta Horticulturae No. 273, 409-410.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Belgium Present, restricted distribution view...
Germany Present, restricted distribution view...
Italy Present, restricted distribution view...
Italy Sicilia Present, few occurrences view...
Luxembourg Present, restricted distribution view...
Spain Present, restricted distribution view...
Switzerland Present, restricted distribution view...