EPPO Global Database

Erwinia amylovora(ERWIAM)

Distribution details in Morocco

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2020: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 2006
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, outbreaks in the regions of Meknes and El Hajeb, under eradication (2008-02).
From CABI Disease map 002 (2017): Present, restricted distribution
EPPO Reporting Service (2007/021) : found in 2006 in one orchard in Meknes region. Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2007/108) : in 2007, found on 4 farms in Meknes region. Eradication policy maintained.

EPPO Reporting Service (2008/104) : outbreaks in the regions of Meknes and El Hajeb, eradication policy maintained.

In 2009, fireblight was observed in 71 farms in different counties (Meknes, El Hajeb, Sefrou, Ifrane, Taounate, Khenifra), covering more than 720 ha. More than 215 ha of pear, apple and quince have been destroyed (Yaich et al., 2010).

Ait Bahadou et al. (2020): in 2013, 2312 ha of pear, quince and apple orchards were detroyed. Disease present in middle Atlas. Official measures are applied and allowed decrease of incidence of the disease.
* Achbani EH (2007) Feu bactérien sur Poirier au Maroc. Première apparition de cette brûlure bactérienne sur poirier dans la région de Meknès. Phytoma - La Défense des Végétaux no. 606, 26-28.

* Ait Bahadou S, Ouijja A, Tahiri A, lahlali R (2020) Fire blight (Erwinia amylovora) disease in Morocco: Current status and action for its management. Moroccan Journal of Agricultural Science 1(2): 95-100

* Fatmi M, Bougsiba M, Saoud H (2008) First report of fire blight caused by Erwinia amylovora on pear, apple, and quince in Morocco. Plant Disease 92(2), p 314.

* Hannou N, Llop P, Faure D, Lopez MM, Moumni M (2013) Characterization of Erwinia amylovora strains from Middle Atlas Mountains in Morocco by PCR based on tandem repeat sequences. European Journal of Plant Pathology 136(4), 665-674.
------- Middle Altas region.

* NPPO of Morocco (2007-02 & 2008-05).

* Yaich M, Fatmi M, Bougsiba M, Valentini F, Scuderi G, d'Onghia AM, Cirvilleri G (2010) Fireblight in Morocco (Erwinia amylovora [Burill] Winslow): importance, geographical distribution and characterization. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 50(2), 212-213.
------- Suggest that Moroccan isolates have multiple geographical origins.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Algeria Present, few occurrences view...
Spain Present, restricted distribution view...