EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 11 - 2016 Num. article: 2016/203

Details on quarantine pests in Spain: 2015 situation

The magazine ‘Phytoma-España’ presented the phytosanitary situation of the main crops in several regions of Spain (Andalucía, Aragón, Baleares, Cataluña, Castilla-La Mancha, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, La Rioja, Murcia, Navarra, País Vasco) for the year 2015. The EPPO Secretariat has extracted the following information on the presence of several quarantine pests or pests of the Alert List.

Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (protected crops of aubergine, cucumber, courgette, tomato, melon, and watermelon), Aragón (tomato), Castilla-La Mancha, Murcia, Navarra.

Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (Annona cherimola, citrus), Baleares (citrus), Cataluña (citrus and other fruit trees), Castilla-La Mancha, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, Navarra.

Ceratocystis platani (EPPO A2 List): one outbreak was detected in 2010 in the province of Girona (Cataluña) and subsequently eradicated. Absence has been confirmed by further surveys.

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (EPPO A2 List): Cataluña (first found in the north of the region, few outbreaks), Extremadura (low level of damage).

Cucumber vein yellowing virus (Ipomovirus – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (protected cucumber crops at low incidence, melon).

Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (Crinivirus – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (watermelon).

Cydalima perspectalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae – formerly EPPO Alert List): País Vasco (found for the first time in 2015 on Buxus sempervirens together with Cylindrocladium buxicola in Gipuzkoa).

Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (small fruits, more particularly raspberry), Aragón (no damage), Baleares (diminishing populations), Castilla-La Mancha, Comunidad Valenciana (low level of damage), Murcia (low level of damage), Extremadura (damage on raspberry), Navarra (cherry), País Vasco (strawberry).

Dryocosmus kuriphilus (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae – EPPO A2 List): Cataluña.

Erwinia amylovora (EPPO A2 List): Aragón, Cataluña, Comunidad Valenciana (new outbreak in Montserrat on pear), Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura, La Rioja, Navarra (low incidence). Under official control.

Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (protected crops of aubergine, capsicum, cucumber, strawberry), Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura.

Fusarium circinatum (teleomorph Gibberella circinata – EPPO A2 List): País Vasco (1 new outbreak found in 2015 in Bizkaia).

Grapevine flavescence dorée phytoplasma (EPPO A2 List): Cataluña (under official control).

Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (cotton, tomato for processing), Aragón (maize, tomato for processing), Cataluña (horticultural crops), Extremadura (capsicum, tomato, tobacco), Navarra (tomato).

Iris yellow spot virus (Tospovirus - formerly EPPO Alert List): Aragón (onion), Castilla-La Mancha (onion),

Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae – EPPO A2 List): Aragón.

Oligonychus perseae (Acarida: Tetranychidae - formerly EPPO Alert List): Andalucía (avocado).

Paysandisia archon (Lepidoptera: Castniidae – EPPO A2 List): Cataluña (in several municipalities of Girona and Barcelona provinces on Trachycarpus fortunei and Chamaerops humulis).

Pepino mosaic virus (Potexvirus – EPPO Alert List): Pais Vasco (found for the first time in Bizkaia in 2015 in 2 production sites).

Pezothrips kellyanus (formerly EPPO Alert List): Comunidad Valenciana.

Pomacea maculata: a focus was found in Cataluña in August 2015 in the rice-growing area of Pals (Girona province), under eradication.

Plum pox virus (Potyvirus – EPPO A2 List): Navarra (since 2009).

Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (EPPO A2 List): País Vasco (first found in 2015 in Gipuzkoa, in a small private orchard).

Quadraspidiotus perniciosus (Hemiptera: Diaspididae – EPPO A2 List): Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura.

Ralstonia solanacearum (EPPO A2 List): Castilla-La Mancha (in water samples).

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae – EPPO A2 List): Cataluña (in a delimited zone of 24 comarcas along the coast, mainly on Phoenix canariensis and to a lesser extent on Phoenix dactylifera).

Scaphoideus titanus (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae – EU Annexes): Cataluña.

Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Begomovirus – EPPO Alert List): Andalucía (protected cucumber (very low incidence), courgette, melon crops), Baleares (courgette), Castilla-La Mancha (first found in 2015 on melon), Comunidad Valenciana (courgette), Murcia (melon).

Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (protected capsicum crops), Navarra (low incidence), País Vasco.

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (Begomovirus – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (protected tomato crops), Baleares, Murcia (tomato), Navarra.

Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía (protected crops of aubergine and tomato), Aragón (tomato), Baleares (protected tomato crops), Cataluña, Extremadura, Navarra (low level of damage), País Vasco.

Viteus vitifoliae (Hemiptera: Phylloxeridae - EPPO A2 List): Cataluña (low incidence).

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (EPPO A2 List): Aragón (mainly on apricot, peach, and nectarine), Cataluña, Navarra (since 2009).

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. corylina (EPPO A2 List): Cataluña (low incidence).

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria (EPPO A2 List): Aragón (on capsicum).

Xanthomonas vesicatoria (EPPO A2 List): Extremadura (on tomato, low incidence).


Anonymous (2016) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2015.
Phytoma-España no. 278, 16-52.
Phytoma-España no. 279, 16-40.