EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 07 - 2007 Num. article: 2007/137

Details on quarantine pests in Spain: 2006 situation

The journal ‘Phytoma-España’ presents the phytosanitary situation of the main crops in each region of Spain for the year 2006. The EPPO Secretariat has extracted the following information on several quarantine pests or pests of the Alert List.

Acizzia jamatonica* (Homoptera: Psyllidae – formerly on the EPPO Alert List): Cataluña.

Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía, Cataluña, Pais Vasco (low populations).

Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae – formerly on the EPPO Alert List): Cataluña.

Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía, Aragón, Baleares, Cataluña, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, La Rioja, Murcia.

Ciborinia camelliae (EPPO A2 List): Asturias (widespread on Camellia).

Citrus tristeza virus (Closterovirus – EPPO A2 List): Cataluña (low incidence).

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (EPPO A2 List): Cataluña, Pais Vasco (glasshouse tomatoes).

Cryphonectria parasitica (EPPO A2 List): Cataluña.

Cucumber vein yellowing virus (Ipomovirus – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía.

Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (Crinivirus – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía.

Erwinia amylovora (EPPO A2 List): Castilla y Léon, La Rioja, Navarra (in 1 pear orchard). In all cases, eradication measures were applied and all infected trees were destroyed.

Eutetranychus orientalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía.

Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía, Aragón, Cataluña, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, Murcia.

Gibberella circinata (anamorph Fusarium circinatum – EPPO A2 List): Asturias (found in nurseries on Pinus radiata, P. pinaster, P. canadiensis and P. palustris, and in one forest plot; all infested plants were destroyed), Pais Vasco (P. radiata).

Gonipterus scutellatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae – EPPO A2 List): Asturias (under biological control).

Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía, Cataluña, Extremadura, La Rioja, Navarra.

Iris yellow spot virus (Tospovirus – EPPO Alert List): Comunidad Valenciana (on onion, low incidence).

Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae – EPPO A2 List): Baleares (well controlled), Extremadura.

Oligonychus perseae (Acari: Tetranychidae – EPPO Alert List): Andalucía (surprisingly also found on Vitis).

Paysandisia archon (Lepidoptera: Castniidae – EPPO A2 List): Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca), Cataluña, Comunidad Valenciana.

Pepino mosaic virus (Potexvirus – EPPO Alert List): Andalucía, Cataluña, Murcia.

Phytophthora ramorum (EPPO Alert List): Asturias (1 outbreak eradicated), Pais Vasco (on rhododendron in 2 nurseries).

Plum pox virus (Potyvirus – EPPO A2 List): Comunidad Valenciana.

Ralstonia solanacearum (EPPO A2 List): Castilla y Léon (few positive samples).

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae – EPPO A2 List): Baleares (Mallorca), Cataluña, Comunidad Valenciana.

Tomato chlorosis virus (Crinivirus – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía, Cataluña.

Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía, Cataluña, Pais Vasco (glasshouse crops), Murcia, Navarra (glasshouse crops).

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (Begomovirus – EPPO A2 List): Andalucía, Cataluña.

Toxoptera citricidus (Homoptera: Aphididae - EPPO A1 List): Asturias (found on the coastal area where citrus are grown), Pais Vasco (found in 1 small citrus orchard).

Xanthomonas fragariae (EPPO A2 List): Andalucía.

Weeds: The following plant species were reported causing problems in crops and usually treatments were needed.
Bacopa rotundifolia (Scrophulariaceae): Extremadura (in rice).
Sagittaria sp. (Alismataceae): Extremadura (in rice).
Sicyos angulatus (Cucurbitaceae – EPPO List of Alien Invasive Plants): Cataluña (in maize).
Solanum carolinense (Solanaceae): Cataluña (in maize).

* New record


Anonymous (2007) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2006. Phytoma-España no. 187, 19-52 and no. 188, 16-56.