EPPO Global Database

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus(BURSXY)

Distribution details in Spain

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2018: Present, few occurrences
First recorded in: 2008
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, only in some parts of the Member State concerned, under eradication (2018-07)
From CABI Disease map 789 (2015): Present, few occurrences
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2005/050) : confirmed absent from País Vasco by survey.

EPPO Reporting Service (2005/070) : in 1999/2003, over 6000 samples of pine wood from all regions of Spain were tested for nematodes. Nematodes of 7 genera were identified, including Bursaphelenchus, of which 8 species were found. B. xylophilus was not found, and its status in Spain can therefore be considered as absent confirmed by survey.

EPPO Reporting Service (2010/051) and EPPO Reporting Service (2010/058) : detected on a single Pinus tree near Caceres (Extremadura) in 2008, under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2010/202) : detected in November 2010 on 7 trees (P. pinaster) in a forest area in the municipality of ‘As Neves’ (province of Pontevedra), in Galicia, under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2012/047) : detected in 1 tree (P. pinaster) in a forest of the ‘Monte Barroco Toiriña’ (province of Cáceres in Extremadura), under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2014/020) : detected in December 2013 in a sample collected from symptomatic pine trees in a forest stand located in the municipality of ‘Sancti-Spíritus’, province of Salamanca (Castilla y León). Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/033) : outbreak in ‘Sancti-Spíritus’ has been sucessfully eradicated.

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/140) : detected in 1 pine tree in a forest area in the municipality of Lagunilla (Salamanca province, Castilla y Léon). Under eradication.
References
* Abelleira A, Pérez-Otero R, Aguín O, Prado A, Salinero C (2020) First report of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) on Monochamus galloprovincialis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Spain. Plant Disease 104(4), p 1259.
------- In the demarcated area.

* Abelleira A, Picoaga A, Mansilla JP, Aguin O (2011) Detection of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, causal agent of pine wilt disease on Pinus pinaster in Northwestern Spain. Plant Disease 95(6), 776-776 .

* Anon. (2004) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2004. Phytoma-España no. 168, 17-58 and no. 169, 16-55.

* Arias M, Escuer M, Bello A (2004) Nematodos asociados a madera y árboles de coníferas en pinares españoles. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal – Plagas, 30(3), 581-593.

* Llorens Climent JM (2009) Relación de nuevas plagas de cultivos encontradas en España en los últimos diez años. Phytoma España no. 212, 50-56.

* NPPO of Spain (2010-02, 2010-11, 2011-06, 2012-02, 2014-01, 2018-02, 2018-07).

* Zamora P, Rodríguez V, Renedo F, Sanz AV, Domínguez JC, Pérez-Escolar G, Miranda J, Álvarez B, González-Casas A, Mayor E, Dueñas M, Miravalles A, Navas A, Robertson L, Martín AB (2015) First report of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus causing pine wilt disease on Pinus radiata in Spain. Plant Disease 99(10), p 1449.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Absent, intercepted only view...
Portugal Present, restricted distribution view...
Portugal Madeira Present, restricted distribution view...