New outbreak of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in Spain
In Spain, a new outbreak of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (EPPO A2 List) was detected during the official annual survey (see also EPPO RS 2010/051, 2010/202, 2012/047). The presence of B. xylophilus was confirmed in December 2013 in a sample taken from pine trees (Pinus spp.) showing decline symptoms in a forest stand located in the municipality of ‘Santi-Spíritus’, province of Salamanca (Castilla y León). The initial positive result was obtained in 2013-11-22 by the regional laboratory on the basis of morphological characteristics. This result was confirmed by molecular methods on 2013-11-26 by the same laboratory, and on 2013-12-11 by the national reference laboratory. The origin of this new outbreak in Spain is unknown. Eradication measures were immediately taken and included: surveys to delimit the infested zone and establish demarcated areas in accordance with the EU Decision 2012/535/EU, destruction of all affected trees. Information about this new outbreak of B. xylophilus will be provided to all stakeholders and local authorities. Regional regulations specifying the measures to be taken and a specific Action Plan are being prepared.
The pest status of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in Spain is officially declared as: Transient, actionable, under eradication.
NPPO of Spain (2014-01).