EPPO Global Database

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus(BURSXY)

Distribution details in Portugal

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2014: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1999
From CABI Disease map 789 (2015): Present, no details
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (1999/152) : found in Pinus pinaster near Setúbal (south of Lisbon) in a densely populated area where pine forest is not important. A quarantine area is being put in place.

EPPO Reporting Service (2003/085) : more details.

EPPO Reporting Service (2011/070) : several outbreaks are reported from mainland Portugal (Centro, Lisboa e Vale do Tejo, Alentejo regions) and Madeira. Since mid-2008, the whole territory of continental Portugal has been considered to be a demarcated area and is subject to an official action plan.
References
* Anonymous (2009) Commission staff working document concerning the control of pine wood nematode in the forestry sector in the European Union. http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/organisms/imports/roadmap_renewned_strategy_en.pdf

* FVO (2010) Final report of a mission carried out in Portugal from 26 April to 07 May 2010 in order to evaluate the situation and control for Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. (no. 2010-8611), Food and Veterinary Office, DG(SANCO), European Commission, 28 pp. http://ec.europa.eu/food/fvo/rep_details_en.cfm?rep_id=2550

* Inacio ML, Nobrega F, Vieira P, Bonifacio L, Naves P, Sousa E, Mota M (2014) First detection of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus associated with Pinus nigra in Portugal and in Europe. Forest Pathology doi:10.1111/efp.12162
------- On Pinus nigra in Gois (near Coimbra - central area of Portugal).

* Mota, M. M.; Braasch, H.; Bravo, M. A.; Penas, A. C.; Burgermeister, W.; Metge, K.; Sousa, E. (1999) Nematology 1 (7-8), 727-734.

* Sousa, E.; Naves, P.; Bonifácio, L.; Bravo, M.A.; Penas, A.C., Pires, J.; Serrão, M. (2002) Preliminary survey for insects associated with Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in Portugal. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 32(3), 499-502.

* Vicente C, Espada M, Vieira P, Mota M (2012) Pine wilt disease: a threat to European forestry. European Journal of Plant Pathology 133(1), 89-99.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Spain Present, few occurrences view...