EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 03 - 2010 Num. article: 2010/058

Situation of recently introduced pests in Spain

A list of insect pests introduced into Spain during the last decade has recently been published in the magazine Phytoma-España (Llorens Climent, 2009). The EPPO Secretariat has extracted data (i.e. crop concerned, date of first occurrence, current distribution in Spain) on a selection of pests (mainly those which are included in the EPPO A1/A2 List and Alert List), but the paper also includes information about: Aceria neocynarae (Acari: Eriophyidae), Chrysomphalus aonidum (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), Coccus pseudomagnoliarum (Hemiptera: Coccidae), Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae), Eutetranychus banksi (Acari: Tetranychidae), Greenidea ficicola (Hemiptera: Aphididae), Hypogeococcus pungens (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), Parlatoria blanchardi (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), Parlatoria camelliae (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), Phenacoccus spp. on Bougainvillea (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae).

  • Agave
Scyphophorus acupunctatus* (Coleoptera: Curculionidae – formerly EPPO Alert List): first found in 2007 in the province of Barcelona (Cataluña); now present in Cataluña and Comunidad Valenciana.

  • Avocado
Oligonychus perseae (Acari: Tetranychidae – formerly EPPO Alert List): first found in 2004 in Málaga province (Andalucía); now present in all avocado-growing regions including Islas Canarias where it was detected for the first time in 2006.

  • Citrus
Anatrachyntis badia (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae): first observed in Alicante (Comunidad Valenciana) in 2002.

Eutetranychus orientalis (Acari: Tetranychidae – EPPO A2 List): first observed in 2001 in Málaga province (Andalucía); now present in Andalucía, Murcia and south of Comunidad Valenciana.

Pezothrips kellyanus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae – formerly EPPO Alert List): first observed in 2007 in Valencia province (Comunidad Valenciana); now present in Comunidad Valenciana and Cataluña.

Trioza erytreae (Hemiptera: Triozidae – EPPO A1 List): first found in 2002 in Las Palmas, Gran Canaria (Islas Canarias).

Toxoptera citricidus (Hemiptera: Aphididae – EPPO A2 List): first found in 2002 in Asturias; now present in Asturias, Cantabria, Galicia, and País Vasco.

Unaspis yanonensis (Hemiptera: Diaspididae – formerly EPPO A2 List): first observed in 2003 in the province of Girona (Cataluña) where it is under eradication; now present in the provinces of Barcelona and Girona (Cataluña).

  • Eucalyptus
Ctenarytaina spatulata (Hemiptera: Psyllidae – formerly EPPO Alert List): first found in 2003 in Pontevedra province (Galicia).

Glycaspis brimblecombei* (Hemiptera: Psyllidae – formerly EPPO Alert List): first found in 2007 (this was also the first record for Europe); now present in Andalucía, Madrid, Comunidad Valenciana and Extremadura (see also Hurtado Hernández and Reina Belinchón, 2008; Prieto-Lillo et al., 2009; Valente and Hodkinson, 2009).

Leptocybe invasa (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae – EPPO Alert List): first found in 1999 in the province of Cádiz (Andalucía); now present in Andalucía, Extremadura, Madrid, Murcia, Comunidad Valenciana, and also in Islas Baleares.

Ophelimus maskelli (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): first found in 2001 in Barcelona province (Cataluña); now widespread in the South of Spain (Andalucía, Cataluña, Comunidad Valenciana, Extremadura, Madrid, Murcia) and also present in Islas Baleares.

  • Grapevine
Scaphoideus titanus (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae): probably occurring since 1996; now present in Girona and Pontevedra provinces (Cataluña and Galicia, respectively).

  • Horse chestnut
Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae): first found in 2002 in Madrid; now present in Madrid and Cataluña.
  • Pinus
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (EPPO A1 List): 1 infested tree detected in 2008 in the province of Càceres (Extremadura), this single case is under eradication (see EPPO RS 2010/051).

  • Palm trees
Diocalandra frumenti (Coleoptera: Curculionidae – EPPO Alert List): first found in 1998 in Gran Canaria (Islas Canarias); now present in Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote and Tenerife, under official control.

Paysandisia archon (Lepidoptera: Castniidae – EPPO A2 List): first reported in 2002, in the province of Girona (Cataluña); now present all along the Mediterranean coast and a few outbreaks have been reported from Madrid.

  • Tomato
Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae – EPPO A2 List): first found in 2006 in the province of Castellón (Comunidad Valenciana); now present in all tomato-producing regions.

* New records.


Llorens Climent JM (2009) Relación de nuevas plagas de cultivos encontradas en España en los últimos diez años. Phytoma España no. 212, 50-56.
Hurtado Hernández A, Reina Belinchón I (2008) Primera cita para Europa de 'Glycaspis brimblecombei' Moore (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), una nueva plaga del Eucalypto. Boletin de la SEA 43(8), 447-449.
Prieto-Lillo E, Rueda J, Hernández R, Sefla J (2009) [First record of red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in the Comunidad Valenciana]. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal Plagas 35(2), 277-281.
Valente C, Hodkinson I (2009) First record of the redgum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hem.: Psyllidae), in Europe. Journal of Applied Entomology 133(4), 315-317.