EPPO Global Database

Prunus dulcis(PRNDU)

Pests

Organism Type
'Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum' (as Prunus) (PHYPPR) Experimental
Agrobacterium tumefaciens (AGRBTU) Host
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Prunus) (ALEDDI) Host
American plum line pattern virus (as Prunus) (APLPV0) Host
Anarsia lineatella (ANARLI) Host
* Vulchi R, Daane KM, Wenger JA (2021) Development of DNA Melt Curve Analysis for the identification of Lepidopteran pests in almonds and pistachios. Insects 12(6), 553. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060553
Anarsia lineatella (as Prunus) (ANARLI) Host
Anastrepha fraterculus (ANSTFR) Host
* Gonzalez Mendoza R (1952) Contribucion al estudio de las moscas Anastrepha en Colombia. Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía 12, 423–549.

* Nasca AJ, Zamora JA, Vergara LE, Jaldo HE (1996) Hospederos de moscas de los frutos en el Valle de Antinaco-Los Colorados, Provincia de La Rioja, República Argentina. Revista de Investigación 10, 19–24.
Apiosporina morbosa (as Prunus) (DIBOMO) Host
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV0) Host
* Yegül M, Baloğlu S (2020) Detection and characterization of some virus diseases seen in almond trees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Plant Protection Bulletin, 60 (1), 71-84.
Apple mosaic virus (APMV00) Host
Apriona cinerea (as Prunus) (APRICI) Host
* Singh AP, Bhandari RS, Verma TD (2004) Important insect pests of poplars in agroforestry and strategies for their management in northwestern India. Agroforestry Systems 63, 15–26.
Arabis mosaic virus (ARMV00) Host
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Prunus) (TORTPR) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni' (PHYPPN) Host
* Uyemoto JK, Kirkpatrick BC (2011) X-disease phytoplasma. In: Virus and Virus-Like Diseases of Pome and Stone Fruits (eds Hadidi A, Barba M, Candresse T, Jelkmann W), pp. 243-245. APS Press, St. Paul, MN, USA.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Zirak L, Bahar M & Ahoonmanesh A (2009) Characterization of phytoplasmas associated with almond diseases in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology 157, 736-741.
Capnodis tenebrionis (CAPNTE) Host
Carposina sasakii (as Prunus) (CARSSA) Host
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* Nasca, AJ, Zamora JA, Vergara LE, Jaldo EH (1996) Hospederos de moscas de los frutos en el Valle de Antinaco-Los Colorados, provincia de La Rioja, República Argentina. Revista de Investigación - Centro de Investigaciones para la Regulación de Poblaciones de Organismos Nocivos 10(1-4), 19-24.
Ceratitis capitata (as Prunus) (CERTCA) Host
Ceratitis quinaria (as Prunus) (CERTQU) Host
Cherry leaf roll virus (as Prunus) (CLRV00) Host
Chrysobothris mali (CHRBMA) Host
* Burke HE (1929) The Pacific Flathead Borer. Technical Bulletin - United States Department of Agriculture, Washington D.C., (83). as P. amygdalus
 
* Strand L & Ohlendorf B (2002) Integrated Pest Management for Almonds, 2nd Edition. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources

* UC (1999) Crop Profile for Almonds in California - UCANR, 35 pp. Available at https://ucanr.edu/datastoreFiles/391-12.pdf
Comstockaspis perniciosa (as Prunus) (QUADPE) Host
Cydia pomonella (CARPPO) Host
Cytospora mali (VALSMA) Host
Diabrotica speciosa (as Prunus) (DIABSC) Host
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Adult host.
Epichoristodes acerbella (as Prunus) (EPIOIO) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (as Prunus) (TORTPO) Host
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (as Prunus) (EUPRCH) Host
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Host
Eutypa lata (EUTYLA) Host
* Holland LA, Trouillas FP, Nouri MT, Lawrence DP, Crespo M, Doll DA, Duncan RA, Holtz BA, Culumber CM, Yaghmour MA, Niederholzer FJ (2021) Fungal pathogens associated with canker diseases of almond in california. Plant Disease, 105(2), 346-360.
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (as Prunus) (EUWAWH) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
------- As host of PSHB (polyphagous shot hole borer).
Grapholita funebrana (LASPFU) Host
Grapholita funebrana (as Prunus) (LASPFU) Host
Grapholita molesta (LASPMO) Host
Grapholita molesta (as Prunus) (LASPMO) Host
Grapholita packardi (as Prunus) (LASPPA) Host
Grapholita prunivora (as Prunus) (LASPPR) Host
Halyomorpha halys (HALYHA) Host
* Stahl JM, Scaccini D, Daane KM (2021) Field survival of the brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) on California tree crops. Environmental Entomolog 50(5), 1187-1193.
------- confirmed host.
Helicoverpa zea (as Prunus) (HELIZE) Host
* Matthews M (1991) Classification of the Heliothinae. Bulletin of the Natural Resources Institute No. 44. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Almeida RPP, Purcell AH (2003) Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae) transmission of Xylella fastidiosa to almond. Plant Disease 87, 1255-1259.
Hop stunt viroid (HSVD00) Host
Hyphantria cunea (as Prunus) (HYPHCU) Host
Little cherry virus 1 (LCHV10) Host
* Šafářová D, Ševčíková V, Neumanová K, Sucha J, Necas T, Navratil M (2020) Molecular characterisation of little cherry virus 1 infecting apricots in the Czech Republic. European Journal of Plant Pathology 158, 83-97.
------- Detected also in one amond tree showing severe leaf mosaic during surveys in Czech Republic.
Little cherry virus 1 (as Prunus) (LCHV10) Host
Lymantria dispar (as Prunus) (LYMADI) Host
Malacosoma americanum (as Prunus) (MALAAM) Host
Malacosoma disstria (as Prunus) (MALADI) Host
Malacosoma parallela (as Prunus) (MALAPA) Host
Monilinia fructicola (as Prunus) (MONIFC) Host
Monilinia fructigena (as Prunus) (MONIFG) Host
Monilinia polystroma (as Prunus) (MONIPO) Host
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* Ripa R (1992) Burrito de los frutales Naupactus xanthographus (Germar), INIA, La Cruz, Chile.
Neocosmospora euwallaceae (FUSAEW) Host
* Moreno K, Carrillo JD, Trouillas FP, Eskalen A (2018) Almond (Prunus dulcis) is susceptible to Fusarium euwallaceae, a fungal pathogen vectored by the polyphagous shot hole borer in California. Plant Disease 102(1), p 251.
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Host
* Lu W, Wang Q (2005) Systematics of the New Zealand longicorn beetle genus Oemona Newman with discussion of the taxonomic position of the Australian species, O. simplex White (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae). Zootaxa 971, 1-31.

* Plant-SyNZ. Landcare Research (NZ). Host plants of a herbivore -Oemona hirta. http://plant-synz.landcareresearch.co.nz/index.asp). Last accessed 2021-06.
Oligonychus perseae (as Prunus) (OLIGPA) Host
Omophlus lepturoides (as Prunus) (OMOPLE) Host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Prunus) (HEMELE) Host
* Dedes J (2014). Whitemarked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Insect Production Services 2 p. https://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/publications?id=35692 
------- as ''cherry''.
Parabemisia myricae (as Prunus) (PRABMY) Host
Peach mosaic virus (PCMV00) Host
Peach mosaic virus (as Prunus) (PCMV00) Host
Peach rosette phytoplasma (PHYP30) Host
* Kenknight G (1976) Peach rosette. In: Diseases and non-infectious disorders of stone fruits in North America. USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 437, pp. 73-76. United States Department of Agriculture, USA.
Peach yellows phytoplasma (PHYP29) Host
* Kirkpatrick BC (1995) Peach yellows. Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases (eds Ogawa JM, Zehr EI, Bird GW, Ritchie DF, Uriu K & Uyemoto JK) APS Press, St. Paul, MN, USA, p 57.
Peach yellows phytoplasma (as Prunus) (PHYP29) Host
* Kirkpatrick BC (1995) Peach yellows. Compendium of Stone Fruit Diseases (eds Ogawa JM, Zehr EI, Bird GW, Ritchie DF, Uriu K & Uyemoto JK) APS Press, St. Paul, MN, USA, p 57.
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Phytophthora cactorum (as Prunus) (PHYTCC) Host
Phytophthora cinnamomi (PHYTCN) Host
Plum pox virus (PPV000) Host
* Dallot S, Bousalem M, Boeglin M, Renaud LY, Quiot JB (1997) Potential role of almond in sharka epidemics: susceptibility under controlled conditions to the main types of plum pox potyvirus and survey for natural infections in France. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 27, 539–546.

* Damsteegt VD, Scorza R, Stone AL, Schneider WL, Webb K, Demuth M, Gildow FE (2007) Prunus host range of Plum pox virus (PPV) in the United States by aphid and graft inoculation. Plant Disease 91, 18-23.
------- Almond trees can be infected by PPV but show few symptoms.

* Stobbs LW, Van Driel L, Whybourne K, Carlson C, Tulloch M, Van Lier L (2005) Distribution of Plum pox virus in residential sites, commercial nurseries, and native plant species in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. Plant Disease 89, 822-827. 
Plum pox virus (as Prunus) (PPV000) Host
Prune dwarf virus (PDV000) Host
* Yegül M, Baloğlu S (2020) Detection and characterization of some virus diseases seen in almond trees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Plant Protection Bulletin, 60 (1), 71-84.
Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV0) Host
* Yegül M, Baloğlu S (2020) Detection and characterization of some virus diseases seen in almond trees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Plant Protection Bulletin, 60 (1), 71-84.
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (PSEAPE) Host
Pseudococcus calceolariae (as Prunus) (PSECGA) Host
Pseudococcus comstocki (as Prunus) (PSECCO) Host
Pseudomonas amygdali (PSDMAM) Host
Pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum (as Prunus) (PSDMMP) Host
Raspberry ringspot virus (RPRSV0) Host
Reptalus panzeri (as Prunus) (REPTPA) Host
Rhagoletis cingulata (as Prunus) (RHAGCI) Host
Rhagoletis fausta (as Prunus) (RHAGFA) Host
Rhizobium rhizogenes (AGRBRH) Host
Scolytus schevyrewi (as Prunus) (SCOLSH) Host
Strawberry latent ringspot virus (SLRSV0) Host
Tetranychus pacificus (TETRPA) Host
* Haviland DR, Rill SM, Gordon CA (2021) Treatment thresholds for Tetranychus pacificus (Acari: Tetranychidae) in California almonds based on monitoring for the natural enemy Scolothrips sexmaculatus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 114(4), 1834-1841.
Theba pisana (THEBPI) Host
Tomato black ring virus (TBRV00) Host
Tomato black ring virus (as Prunus) (TBRV00) Host
Tomato ringspot virus (TORSV0) Host
Tomato ringspot virus (as Prunus) (TORSV0) Host
Trirachys sartus (AELSSA) Host
* Ahmad MI, Hafiz IA, Chaudhry MI (1977) Biological studies of Aeolesthes sarta Solksy attacking poplars in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Forestry 27, 123-129. 

* Duffy EAJ (1968) A monograph of the immature stages of Oriental timber beetles (Cerambycidae). Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.

* Farashiani ME, Sadeghi SE, Abaii M (2001) Geographic distribution and hosts of sart longhorn beetle, Aeolesthes sarta Solsky (Col.: Cerambycidae) in Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran 20, 81-96. 

* Gaffar SA, Bhat AA (1991) Management of stem borer, Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky), infesting walnut trees in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Forestry 14, 138- 141.

* Mustafa AM, Janjua NA (1942) Almond growing in Baluchistan. Indian Farming 3, 539-542.

Trirachys sartus (as Prunus) (AELSSA) Host
* Duffy EAJ (1968) A monograph of the immature stages of Oriental timber beetles (Cerambycidae). Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.

* Gaffar SA, Bhat AA (1991) Management of stem borer, Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky), infesting walnut trees in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Forestry 14, 138- 141.

* Gressitt JL (1951) Longicornia. Volume 2. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
Trogoderma granarium (TROGGA) Host
Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (XANTPR) Host
* Gerin D, Cariddi RM, de Miccolis Angelini RM, Dongiovanni C, Faretra F, Pollastro S (2019) First report of bacterial spot caused by Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni on almond in Italy. Plant Disease 103(5), p 1018.
------- On almond (Prunus dulcis) in Puglia, Italy.

* Nagy JK, Bozsó Z, Szatmári A, Süle S, Szabó Z, Király L, Schwarczinger I (2020) First report of bacterial spot caused by Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni on almond in Hungary. Plant Disease 104(2), p 562.
Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (as Prunus) (XANTPR) Host
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Host
* Commission database of host plants found to be susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa in the Union Territory (update 12 of 2019-04-11).
------- As X. fastidiosa.

* Marco-Noales E, Barbé S, Monterde A, Navarro-Herrero I, Ferrer A, Dalmau V, Aure CM, Domingo-Calap ML, Landa BB, Roselló M (2021) Evidence that Xylella fastidiosa is the causal agent of almond leaf scorch disease in Alicante, mainland Spain (Iberian Peninsula). Plant Disease 105(11), 3349-3352.
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa (XYLEFF) Host
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex (XYLEFM) Host
* Schaad NW, Postnikova E, Lacy G, Fatmi MB, Chang CJ (2004) Xylella fastidiosa subspecies: X. fastidiosa subsp piercei, subsp. nov., X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex subsp. nov., and X. fastidiosa subsp. pauca subsp. nov. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 27, 290-300.
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (XYLEFP) Host
Xylotrechus namanganensis (as Prunus) (XYLONM) Host
Anoplophora chinensis (as Prunus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' (PHYPPH) Major host
* Molino Lova M, Quaglino F, Abou-Jawdah Y, Choueiri E, Sobh H, Casati P, Tedeschi R, Alma A, Bianco P (2011) Identification of new 16SrIX subgroups,-F and-G, among ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’ strains infecting almond, peach and nectarine in Lebanon. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 50, 273–282.
------- confirmed host

* Nigro F, Sion V, Antelmi I, Choueiri E, Habib W, Bruno A, Boscia D (2020) First report of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’ on almond in Southern Italy. Plant Disease 104(1), 278.
Eurytoma amygdali (EURTAM) Major host
Malacosoma parallela (MALAPA) Major host
Pseudococcus viburni (as Prunus) (PSECOB) Major host
Xylotrechus namanganensis (XYLONM) Major host