EPPO Global Database

Prunus dulcis(PRNDU)

Pests

Organism Type
'Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum' (as Prunus) (PHYPPR) Experimental
Grapholita inopinata (as Prunus) (CYDIIN) Experimental
Agrobacterium tumefaciens (AGRBTU) Host
Aleurodicus dispersus (as Prunus) (ALEDDI) Host
American plum line pattern virus (as Prunus) (APLPV0) Host
Anarsia lineatella (ANARLI) Host
Anarsia lineatella (as Prunus) (ANARLI) Host
Apiosporina morbosa (as Prunus) (DIBOMO) Host
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV0) Host
* Yegül M, Baloğlu S (2020) Detection and characterization of some virus diseases seen in almond trees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Plant Protection Bulletin, 60 (1), 71-84.
Apple mosaic virus (APMV00) Host
Arabis mosaic virus (ARMV00) Host
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (as Prunus) (TORTPR) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni' (PHYPPN) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pruni' (as Prunus) (PHYPPN) Host
Capnodis tenebrionis (CAPNTE) Host
Carposina sasakii (as Prunus) (CARSSA) Host
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* Nasca, AJ, Zamora JA, Vergara LE, Jaldo EH (1996) Hospederos de moscas de los frutos en el Valle de Antinaco-Los Colorados, provincia de La Rioja, República Argentina. Revista de Investigación - Centro de Investigaciones para la Regulación de Poblaciones de Organismos Nocivos 10(1-4), 19-24.
Ceratitis capitata (as Prunus) (CERTCA) Host
Ceratitis quinaria (as Prunus) (CERTQU) Host
Cherry leaf roll virus (as Prunus) (CLRV00) Host
Comstockaspis perniciosa (as Prunus) (QUADPE) Host
Cydia pomonella (CARPPO) Host
Cytospora mali (VALSMA) Host
Diabrotica speciosa (as Prunus) (DIABSC) Host
Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata (DIABUN) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
-------- Adult host.
Epichoristodes acerbella (as Prunus) (EPIOIO) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (as Prunus) (TORTPO) Host
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (as Prunus) (EUPRCH) Host
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Host
Euwallacea fornicatus sensu stricto (as Prunus) (EUWAWH) Host
* Smith SM, Gomez DF, Beaver RA, Hulcr J, Cognato AI (2019) Reassessment of the species in the Euwallacea fornicatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) complex after the rediscovery of the ‘lost’ type specimen. Insects 10, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10090261
------- As host of PSHB (polyphagous shot hole borer).
Grapholita funebrana (LASPFU) Host
Grapholita funebrana (as Prunus) (LASPFU) Host
Grapholita molesta (LASPMO) Host
Grapholita molesta (as Prunus) (LASPMO) Host
Grapholita packardi (as Prunus) (LASPPA) Host
Grapholita prunivora (as Prunus) (LASPPR) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Almeida RPP, Purcell AH (2003) Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae) transmission of Xylella fastidiosa to almond. Plant Disease 87, 1255-1259.
Hop stunt viroid (HSVD00) Host
Hyphantria cunea (as Prunus) (HYPHCU) Host
Little cherry virus 1 (LCHV10) Host
* Šafářová D, Ševčíková V, Neumanová K, Sucha J, Necas T, Navratil M (2020) Molecular characterisation of little cherry virus 1 infecting apricots in the Czech Republic. European Journal of Plant Pathology 158, 83-97.
------- Detected also in one amond tree showing severe leaf mosaic during surveys in Czech Republic.
Little cherry virus 1 (as Prunus) (LCHV10) Host
Lymantria dispar (as Prunus) (LYMADI) Host
Malacosoma americanum (as Prunus) (MALAAM) Host
Malacosoma disstria (as Prunus) (MALADI) Host
Malacosoma parallela (as Prunus) (MALAPA) Host
Margarodes vitis (as Prunus) (MARGVI) Host
Monilinia fructicola (as Prunus) (MONIFC) Host
Monilinia fructigena (as Prunus) (MONIFG) Host
Monilinia polystroma (as Prunus) (MONIPO) Host
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* Ripa R (1992) Burrito de los frutales Naupactus xanthographus (Germar), INIA, La Cruz, Chile.
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Host
Oligonychus perseae (as Prunus) (OLIGPA) Host
Omophlus lepturoides (as Prunus) (OMOPLE) Host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Prunus) (HEMELE) Host
* Dedes J (2014). Whitemarked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Insect Production Services 2 p. https://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/publications?id=35692 
Parabemisia myricae (as Prunus) (PRABMY) Host
Peach mosaic virus (PCMV00) Host
Peach mosaic virus (as Prunus) (PCMV00) Host
Peach rosette phytoplasma (PHYP30) Host
Peach rosette phytoplasma (as Prunus) (PHYP30) Host
Peach yellows phytoplasma (PHYP29) Host
Peach yellows phytoplasma (as Prunus) (PHYP29) Host
Phytophthora cactorum (as Prunus) (PHYTCC) Host
Phytophthora cinnamomi (PHYTCN) Host
Plum pox virus (PPV000) Host
* Dallot S, Bousalem M, Boeglin M, Renaud LY, Quiot JB (1997) Potential role of almond in sharka epidemics: susceptibility under controlled conditions to the main types of plum pox potyvirus and survey for natural infections in France. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 27, 539–546.

* Damsteegt VD, Scorza R, Stone AL, Schneider WL, Webb K, Demuth M, Gildow FE (2007) Prunus host range of Plum pox virus (PPV) in the United States by aphid and graft inoculation. Plant Disease 91, 18-23.
------- Almond trees can be infected by PPV but show few symptoms.

* Stobbs LW, Van Driel L, Whybourne K, Carlson C, Tulloch M, Van Lier L (2005) Distribution of Plum pox virus in residential sites, commercial nurseries, and native plant species in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. Plant Disease 89, 822-827. 
Plum pox virus (as Prunus) (PPV000) Host
Prune dwarf virus (PDV000) Host
* Yegül M, Baloğlu S (2020) Detection and characterization of some virus diseases seen in almond trees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Plant Protection Bulletin, 60 (1), 71-84.
Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV0) Host
* Yegül M, Baloğlu S (2020) Detection and characterization of some virus diseases seen in almond trees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Plant Protection Bulletin, 60 (1), 71-84.
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (PSEAPE) Host
Pseudococcus calceolariae (as Prunus) (PSECGA) Host
Pseudococcus comstocki (as Prunus) (PSECCO) Host
Pseudomonas amygdali (PSDMAM) Host
Pseudomonas syringae pv. morsprunorum (as Prunus) (PSDMMP) Host
Raspberry ringspot virus (RPRSV0) Host
Reptalus panzeri (as Prunus) (REPTPA) Host
Rhagoletis cingulata (as Prunus) (RHAGCI) Host
Rhagoletis fausta (as Prunus) (RHAGFA) Host
Rhagoletis indifferens (as Prunus) (RHAGIN) Host
Rhizobium rhizogenes (AGRBRH) Host
Saperda candida (as Prunus) (SAPECN) Host
Scolytus schevyrewi (as Prunus) (SCOLSH) Host
Strawberry latent ringspot virus (SLRSV0) Host
Theba pisana (THEBPI) Host
Tomato black ring virus (TBRV00) Host
Tomato black ring virus (as Prunus) (TBRV00) Host
Tomato ringspot virus (TORSV0) Host
Tomato ringspot virus (as Prunus) (TORSV0) Host
Trirachys sartus (AELSSA) Host
* Ahmad MI, Hafiz IA, Chaudhry MI (1977) Biological studies of Aeolesthes sarta Solksy attacking poplars in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Forestry 27, 123-129. 

* Duffy EAJ (1968) A monograph of the immature stages of Oriental timber beetles (Cerambycidae). Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.

* Farashiani ME, Sadeghi SE, Abaii M (2001) Geographic distribution and hosts of sart longhorn beetle, Aeolesthes sarta Solsky (Col.: Cerambycidae) in Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran 20, 81-96. 

* Gaffar SA, Bhat AA (1991) Management of stem borer, Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky), infesting walnut trees in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Forestry 14, 138- 141.

* Mustafa AM, Janjua NA (1942) Almond growing in Baluchistan. Indian Farming 3, 539-542.

Trirachys sartus (as Prunus) (AELSSA) Host
* Duffy EAJ (1968) A monograph of the immature stages of Oriental timber beetles (Cerambycidae). Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.

* Gaffar SA, Bhat AA (1991) Management of stem borer, Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky), infesting walnut trees in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Forestry 14, 138- 141.

* Gressitt JL (1951) Longicornia. Volume 2. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
Trogoderma granarium (TROGGA) Host
Turanoclytus namanganensis (as Prunus) (XYLONM) Host
Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (XANTPR) Host
* Gerin D, Cariddi RM, de Miccolis Angelini RM, Dongiovanni C, Faretra F, Pollastro S (2019) First report of bacterial spot caused by Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni on almond in Italy. Plant Disease 103(5), p 1018.
------- On almond (Prunus dulcis) in Puglia, Italy.

* Nagy JK, Bozsó Z, Szatmári A, Süle S, Szabó Z, Király L, Schwarczinger I (2020) First report of bacterial spot caused by Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni on almond in Hungary. Plant Disease 104(2), p 562.
Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (as Prunus) (XANTPR) Host
Xylella fastidiosa (XYLEFA) Host
* Commission database of host plants found to be susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa in the Union Territory (update 12 of 2019-04-11).
------- As X. fastidiosa.
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa (XYLEFF) Host
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex (XYLEFM) Host
Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca (XYLEFP) Host
Anoplophora chinensis (as Prunus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.

* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' (PHYPPH) Major host
* Molino Lova M, Quaglino F, Abou-Jawdah Y, Choueiri E, Sobh H, Casati P, Tedeschi R, Alma A, Bianco P (2011) Identification of new 16SrIX subgroups,-F and-G, among ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’ strains infecting almond, peach and nectarine in Lebanon. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 50, 273–282.
------- confirmed host

* Nigro F, Sion V, Antelmi I, Choueiri E, Habib W, Bruno A, Boscia D (2020) First report of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’ on almond in Southern Italy. Plant Disease 104(1), 278.
Eurytoma amygdali (EURTAM) Major host
Malacosoma parallela (MALAPA) Major host
Pseudococcus viburni (as Prunus) (PSECOB) Major host
Turanoclytus namanganensis (XYLONM) Major host
Anthonomus quadrigibbus (as Prunus) (TACYQU) Wild/Weed