EPPO Global Database

Capsicum annuum(CPSAN)

Pests

Organism Type
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Artificial
* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp.
Andean potato latent virus (as Solanaceae) (APLV00) Artificial
Andean potato mottle virus (as Solanaceae) (APMOV0) Artificial
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Solanaceae) (AVBO00) Artificial
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Solanaceae) (PRMV00) Artificial
Potato black ringspot virus (as Solanaceae) (PBRSV0) Artificial
Potato spindle tuber viroid (as Solanaceae) (PSTVD0) Artificial
Potato virus T (as Solanaceae) (PVT000) Artificial
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Solanaceae) (TSVP00) Artificial
Tomato torrado virus (TOTV00) Artificial
Aculops lycopersici (as Solanaceae) (VASALY) Incidental
Beet curly top virus (BCTV00) Incidental
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Incidental
* Shimomoto Y, Ikeda K, Asahina Y, Yano K, Oka M, Oki T, Yamasaki J, Takeuchi S, Morita Y (2019) First report of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’ associated with pepper chlorosis of sweet pepper, Capsicum annuum L., in Japan. Journal of General Plant Pathology DOI: 10.1007/s10327-019-00889-z.
------- In Japan.
Colletotrichum acutatum (COLLAC) Incidental
Dickeya chrysanthemi (as Capsicum) (ERWICH) Incidental
Phthorimaea operculella (as Solanaceae) (PHTOOP) Incidental
Serratia marcescens (SERRMA) Incidental
Tobacco ringspot virus (as Capsicum) (TRSV00) Incidental
Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV00) Incidental
Unaspis citri (UNASCI) Incidental
Aleurothrixus trachoides (ALTRTR) Major
Anthonomus eugenii (ANTHEU) Major
* Acosta N, Vicente N, Abreu E, Medina-Gaud S (1987) Chemical control of Meloidogyne incognita, Rotylenchus reniformis and Anthonomus eugenii in Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens. Nematropica 17, 163-170.

* Capinera JL (2017) Pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano and Cuban pepper weevil Faustinus cubae (Boheman) ( Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae). https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in555

* Patrock RJ, Schuster DJ (1992) Feeding, oviposition and development of the pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) on selected species of Solanaceae. Tropical Pest Management 38, 65-69.

* Seal DR, Martin CG (2016) Pepper weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) preferences for specific pepper cultivars, plant parts, fruit colors, fruit sizes, and timing. Insects 7, 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects7010009
Aphelenchoides besseyi (APLOBE) Major
* Bridge J, Plowright RA, Peng D (2005) Nematode parasites of rice. In: Plant parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture (eds Luc M, Sikora RA,  Bridge J), pp. 87-130. 
------- As Capsicum annuum var. longum

* Hockland S, Eng L (1997) Capsicum annuum v. longum : A new host record for the rice white tip nematode, Aphelenchoides besseyi. International Journal of Nematology 7, 229.
------- As Capsicum annuum var. longum
Bactrocera latifrons (DACULA) Major
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI). 

* Mziray HA, Makundi RH, Mwatawala M, Maerere A, De Meyer M (2010) Host use of Bactrocera latifrons, a new invasive tephritid species in Tanzania. Journal of Econonmic Entomololy 103(1), 70-76.
------- Confirmed host.
Bactrocera latifrons (as Solanaceae) (DACULA) Major
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- confirmed host
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Major
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.

* Leblanc L, Vueti ET, Drew AI, Allwood AJ (2012) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) in the Pacific islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Society 44, 11-53.
'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (LIBEPS) Major
* Rojas-Martinez RI, Camacho-Tapia M, Zavaleta-Mejia E, Lévy J (2016) First report of the presence of haplotypes A and B of Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum in chili (Capsicum annuum L.) in the central region of Mexico. Journal of Plant Pathology 98(1), 111-115.
------- confirmed host
Eggplant mottled dwarf nucleorhabdovirus (EMDV00) Major
Epitrix similaris (EPIXSI) Major
Frankliniella occidentalis (FRANOC) Major
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Major
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Major
Neoleucinodes elegantalis (NEOLEL) Major
* Anteparra ME, Vargas K, Granados LB (2010) Primer registro para el Perú del perforador del fruto de cocona Neoleucinodes elegantalis (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Aporte Santiaguino 3(2), 171-176.

* Barbosa FS, Menezes E, Arruda LN, Brito D, Carmo MGF, Pereira MB (2010) Preferência de oviposição de brocapequena-do-fruto em oito variedades de tomate rasteiro. Horticultura Brasileira 28, 634-640.

* Díaz AE, González R, Solis MA & Saldamando-Benjumea CI (2015). Evidence of sexual selection in Neoleucinodes elegantalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae): correlation of female moth genitalia and Solanaceae host fruit size. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 108(3), 272-281.
Pelargonium zonate spot virus (PZSV00) Major
Pepper chat fruit viroid (PCFVD0) Major
Pepper golden mosaic virus (PEPGMV) Major
Pepper huasteco yellow vein virus (PHYVV0) Major
Pepper mild tigré virus (PEPMTV) Major
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Major
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Major
Scirtothrips dorsalis (SCITDO) Major
* Ravelo EE, Vaca JU, Arévalo EP, Delgado L, Díaz MF, Piñeros L, Castro AP, Brochero H, Goldarazena A (2018) Presence and distribution of Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in Colombia. Journal of Insect Science 18, 7. https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/iey092
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Major
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Major
Thrips parvispinus (THRIPV) Major
* Vos JGM, Frinking HD (1998) Pests and diseases of hot pepper (Capsicum spp.) in tropical lowlands of Java, Indonesia. Journal of Plant Protection in the Tropics, 11(1), 53-71
------- confirmed host
Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (TOBRFV) Major
* Luria N, Smith E, Reingold V, Bekelman I, Lapidot M, Levin I, et al. (2017) A New Israeli Tobamovirus Isolate Infects Tomato Plants Harboring Tm-22 Resistance Genes. PLoS ONE 12(1): e0170429. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170429

* Salem NM, Cao MJ, Odeh S, Turina M & Tahzima R (2019) First report of tobacco mild green mosaic virus and tomato brown rugose fruit virus infecting Capsicum annuum in Jordan. Plant Disease. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-06-19-1189-PDN
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Major
* Fiallo‐Olivé E, Navas‐Castillo J (2019), Tomato chlorosis virus, an emergent plant virus still expanding its geographical and host ranges. Molecular Plant Pathology, 20: 1307-1320. doi:10.1111/mpp.12847

* Lozano G, Moriones E, Navas‐Castillo J (2004) First report of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) as a natural host plant for Tomato chlorosis virus. Plant Dis. 88, 224.
------- confirmed host
Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV00) Major
Tomato dwarf leaf curl virus (TODLCV) Major
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Major
* Khan MS, Raj SK, Singh R (2005) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting chilli in India. New Disease Reports 11, 41 http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=011041
------- confirmed host. 

* Luigi M, Bertin S, Manglli A, Troiano E, Davino S, Tomassoli L, Parrella G (2019) First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus causing yellow leaf curl of pepper in Europe. Plant Disease 103(11), p 2970.

Tomato leaf curl Sinaloa virus (TOLCSI) Major
Tomato mottle mosaic virus (TOMMV0) Major
* Li YY, Wang Y, Hu J, Xiao L, Tan G, Lan P, Liu Y, Li  F (2017) The complete genome sequence, occurrence and host range of Tomato mottle mosaic virus Chinese isolate. Virology Journal 14, 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12985-016-0676-2
------- Affected plants show  foliar mottle, necrosis, and stunting (near Lhasa, Tibet).

* Zhan BH, Cao N, Wang KN, Zhou XP (2018) Detection and characterization of an isolate of Tomato mottle mosaic virus infecting tomato in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 17(5), 1207-1212. 
------- Confirmed host.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Major
Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria (XANTAV) Major
Xanthomonas cynarae pv. gardneri (XANTGA) Major
Xanthomonas euvesicatoria pv. euvesicatoria (XANTEU) Major
* Roach R, Mann R, Gambly CG, Shivars RG, Rodoni B (2018) Identification of Xanthomonas species associated with bacterial leaf spot of tomato, capsicum and chilli crops in eastern Australia. European Journal of Plant Pathology 150(3), 595-608.
Xanthomonas vesicatoria (XANTVE) Major
Aculops lycopersici (VASALY) Minor
Bactericera cockerelli (PARZCO) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (as Capsicum) (DACUDO) Minor
Bemisia tabaci (BEMITA) Minor
Bemisia tabaci (as Solanaceae) (BEMITA) Minor
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (as Solanaceae) (PHYPSO) Minor
Chino del tomate virus (TLCRV0) Minor
Epilachna vigintioctomaculata (as Solanaceae) (EPILVI) Minor
Epitrix cucumeris (EPIXCU) Minor
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae and Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). The Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.

* Foster RE, Obemeyer JL (2017) Vegetable Insects. Flea Beetles. E-74-W, Purdue University, Extension Entomology, 2 pp. https://extension.entm.purdue.edu/publications/E-74/E-74.html
------- Common and destructive on tomato, aubergine, potato, sweet pepper and tobacco.
Helicoverpa zea (as Solanaceae) (HELIZE) Minor
Impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV00) Minor
Leucinodes orbonalis (LEUIOR) Minor
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Minor
Liriomyza sativae (as Solanaceae) (LIRISA) Minor
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Minor
* Holguín-Peña, de Lourdes Ramírez-Ahuja M, Medina-Hernández D, Palacios Torres RE, Servín-Villegas R (2019) Parasitoid Wasps Associated with Liriomyza trifolii Mortality in Pepper at Baja California Sur, Mexico. Southwestern Entomologist 44(4), 867-875. https://doi.org/10.3958/059.044.0402
------- confirmed host
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Minor
Melanotus communis (MELNCO) Minor
Melanotus communis (as Capsicum) (MELNCO) Minor
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Minor
* Yang B, Eisenback JD (1983) Meloidogyne enterolobii n.sp. (Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode parasitizing pacara earpot tree in China. Journal of Nematology 15(3), 381–391

* Brito JA, Kaur R, Cetintas R, Stanley JD, Mendes ML, McAvoy EJ, Powers TO, Dickson DW (2008) Identification and isozyme characterization of Meloidogyne spp. infecting horticultural and agronomic drops, and weeds in Florida. Nematology 10(5), 757-766. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854108785787253
------- confirmed host
Moniliophthora perniciosa (CRNPPE) Minor
Nacobbus aberrans (NACOBA) Minor
Neoceratitis cyanescens (CERTCY) Minor
Opogona sacchari (OPOGSC) Minor
Pepper chat fruit viroid (as Solanaceae) (PCFVD0) Minor
Potato yellowing virus (PYV000) Minor
Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 (PSDMS1) Minor
Spodoptera eridania (PRODER) Minor
Spodoptera litura (PRODLI) Minor
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Minor
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (as Capsicum) (ARGPLE) Minor
Thrips palmi (as Solanaceae) (THRIPL) Minor
Tomato chlorotic spot virus (as Capsicum) (TCSV00) Minor
Tomato spotted wilt virus (as Solanaceae) (TSWV00) Minor
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV0) Minor
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (as Capsicum) (TYLCV0) Minor
Xanthomonas euvesicatoria pv. perforans (XANTPF) Minor
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Unclassified
Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV000) Unclassified
Anthonomus eugenii (as Capsicum) (ANTHEU) Unclassified
* Acosta N, Vicente N, Abreu E, Medina-Gaud S (1987) Chemical control of Meloidogyne incognita, Rotylenchus reniformis and Anthonomus eugenii in Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens. Nematropica 17, 163-170.

* Capinera JL (2017) Pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano and Cuban pepper weevil Faustinus cubae (Boheman) ( Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae). https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in555

* Elmore JC, Davis AC, Campbell RE (1934) The pepper weevil. USDA Techical Bulletin No. 447.

* Patrock RJ, Schuster DJ (1992) Feeding, oviposition and development of the pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) on selected species of Solanaceae. Tropical Pest Management 38, 65-69.

* Seal DR, Martin CG (2016) Pepper weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) preferences for specific pepper cultivars, plant parts, fruit colors, fruit sizes, and timing. Insects 7, 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects7010009
Bactrocera carambolae (BCTRCB) Unclassified
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI., Hamacek EL., Hancock DL., Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South East Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology suppl 7, 1-92. 

* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Nakamichi KA, Kurashima RS, Birnbaum AL, Hanlin MA (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.1. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI).
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Unclassified
Ceratothripoides claratris (CRTZCL) Unclassified
* Premachandra WTS, Borgemeister C (2006) Infestation of Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on selected food crops in Thailand. Ruhuna Journal of Science 1(1), 41-46.

* Steenken N, Halaweh N (2011) Host plant preference study for Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and CaCV (Genus Tospovirus; Family Bunyaviridae) in Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of Entomology 8(2), 198-203.
Circulifer tenellus (CIRCTE) Unclassified
* Swisher KD, Munyaneza JE, Velasquez-Valle R, Mena-Covarrubias J (2018) Detection of pathogens associated with psyllids and leafhoppers in Capsicum annuum L. in the Mexican states of Durango, Zacatecas, and Michoacan. Plant Disease 102(1), 146-153.
Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus (CLCUGV) Unclassified
* Gambley C, Cremer J, Campbell P, Roach R, Abdel-Salam AM (2020) New host records for cotton leaf curl Gezira virus: capsicum and melon in Egypt. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 15, 3. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13314-019-0372-3
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Unclassified
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (ELASLI) Unclassified
* Gill HK, Capinera JL, McSorley R (2017) Featured Creatures. Lesser cornstalk borer. Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Insecta: lepidoptera: Pyralidae). University of Florida (US). http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/field/lesser_cornstalk_borer.htm
Halyomorpha halys (HALYHA) Unclassified
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Unclassified
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (PHYORH) Unclassified
Leucinodes laisalis (LEUILA) Unclassified
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Unclassified
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Unclassified
Phthorimaea operculella (PHTOOP) Unclassified
Phytophthora capsici (PHYTCP) Unclassified
Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVD0) Unclassified
* Lebas BSM, Clover GRG, Ochoa-Corona FM, Elliott DR, Tang Z and Alexander BJR (2005) Distribution of potato spindle tuber viroid in New Zealand glasshouse crops of capsicum and tomato. Australasian Plant Pathology, 34, 129-133
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (PSEAPE) Unclassified
Pseudomonas cichorii (PSDMCI) Unclassified
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Unclassified
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Unclassified
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Poveda BD, Schwitzer DA (1964) Estudio biológico del Prodenia ornithogalli Guen. y del Prodenia sunia (Guen.) en três hospedeiros. Acta Agronômica 14(1), 71-101.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts

* Wolcott GN (1948) The insects of Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of  Puerto Rico 32, 417–748.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (as Capsicum) (PRODOR) Unclassified
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Heppner JB (2007) Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. Gainesville, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, p 670.
Thrips setosus (THRISE) Unclassified
Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (as Capsicum) (TOBRFV) Unclassified
* Cambrón-Crisantos JM, Rodríguez-Mendoza J, Valencia-Luna JB, Alcasio-Rangel S, García-Ávila CJ, López-Buenfil JA and Ochoa-Martínez DL (2018) First report of Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV) in Michoacan, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología 37(1). DOI: 10.18781/R.MEX.FIT.1810-5
Tomato zonate spot virus (as Capsicum) (TZSV00) Unclassified
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Unclassified
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672
Heterodera glycines (as Solanaceae) (HETDGL) Wild/Weed
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (as Solanaceae) (LPTNDE) Wild/Weed
Potato yellow dwarf nucleorhabdovirus (as Solanaceae) (PYDV00) Wild/Weed
Stagonosporopsis andigena (as Solanaceae) (PHOMAN) Wild/Weed