EPPO Global Database

Xylella fastidiosa(XYLEFA)

Distribution details in United States of America

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, widespread
From CABI Disease map 262 (2015): Present, widespread
Widespread around Gulf of Mexico (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Texas), also in California, Montana, North Carolina, South Carolina. Mainly a problem in California, because grapevine cannot be grown in the other states. See also EPPO Reporting Service 500/04, 503/15, 517/05.

NAPPO News Story of 2001-11-15: spreading in California's second largest grape growing area, Kern County

EPPO Reporting Service (2006/224) : also Oklahoma.

EPPO Reporting Service (2008/074) : found on blueberries (Vaccinium spp.) causing a disease in Georgia.

EPPO Reporting Service (2011/003) : detected in Louisiana causing oleander leaf scorch.

EPPO Reporting Service (2011/042) : detected in the 2000s in Oregon on Vaccinium spp. and in 2008 in Florida on V. corymbosum hybrids.

EPPO Reporting Service (2018/015) : on pecan (Carya illinoinensis) in Arizona, New Mexico, California and Texas (including in the USDA-ARS germplasm collection of Carya spp.)
* Chang C, Brannen P, Krewer G, Boland R, Donaldson R (2007) Bacterial leaf scorch of blueberry: a new disease caused by Xylella fastidiosa. Phytopathology 97(7 suppl.), S20.

* Harmon PF, Hopkins DL (2009) First report of bacterial leaf scorch caused by Xylella fastidiosa on Southern highbush blueberry in Florida. Plant Disease 93(11), p 1220.

* Hilton AE, Jo YK, Cervantes K, Stamler RA, Randall JJ, French JM, Heerema RJ, Goldberg NP, Sherman J, Wang X, Grauke LJ (2017) First report of pecan bacterial leaf scorch caused by Xylella fastidiosa in pecan (Carya illinoinensis) in Arizona, New Mexico, California, and Texas. Plant Disease 101(11), p 1949.

University of Georgia (US). Cooperative Extension. Bacterial Leaf Scorch of Blueberry by Phillip M Brannen, Gerard Krewer, Bob Boland, Dan Horton, CJ Chang. http://pubs.caes.uga.edu/caespubs/pubcd/C922/C922.htm

* Krugner R, Sisteron MS, Chen JC, Stenger DC, Johnson MW (2014) Evaluation of olive as a host of Xylella fastidiosa and associated sharpshooters vectors. Plant Disease 98(9), 1186-1193.
------- On olive (Olea europaea) in California.

* Melanson RA, Sanderlin RS, McTaggart AR, Ham JH (2012) A systematic study reveals that Xylella fastidiosa strains from pecan are part of X. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex. Plant Disease 96(8), 1123-1134.
------- On pecan (Carya illinoisensis) in Louisiana.

* Milholland, R. D. (1991) Plant Disease 75 (2), 113-117.

* Olson BR, Dominiak J, von Broembsen S, Berg M, Bextine BR (2006) First report of Xylella fastidiosa in Oklahoma. Plant Disease 90(1), p 108.

* Singh R, Ferrin DM, Huang Q (2010) First report of Xylella fastidiosa associated with oleander leaf scorch in Louisiana. Plant Disease 94(2), p 274.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Canada Ontario Present, few occurrences view...
Canada Present, few occurrences view...
Canada British Columbia Present, no details view...
Canada Saskatchewan Present, no details view...
Mexico Present, no details view...