EPPO Global Database

Ralstonia solanacearum species complex(RALSSO)

Distribution details in Nepal

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2010: Present, restricted distribution
Comments
Lamichhane et al. (2010) R. solanacearum sensu lato incidence in surveys (2007-2009) on major crops cultivated in different districts of Nepal. Average estimated disease incidence in potato (in Kathmandu, Nuwakot, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur and Kaski) reported as 20-40% with 75% yield loss compared with healthy crops in the same areas. Tomato (in Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Banke) had >60% wilt incidence and 90% yield loss. Eggplant (in Kathmandu, Nuwakot, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Kaski) 20-40% wilt and 32% yield loss. Pepper (in Kathmandu, Nuwakot, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Kaski) 40-60% wilt incidence and 90% yield loss.
References
* Adhikari TB (1993) Identification of biovars and races of Pseudomonas solanacearum and sources of resistance in tomato in Nepal. Plant Disease 77 (9), 905-907.

* Dhital SP, Thaveechai N, Kositratana W, Piluek K, Shrestha SK (1997) Kasetsart Journal, Natural Sciences 31 (4), 497-509.

* Dhital SP, Thaveechai N, Shrestha SK (2000/2001) Characteristics of Ralstonia solanacearum strains of potato wilt disease from Nepal and Thailand. Nepal Agriculture Research Journal, Vol. 4 & 5

* Ghimire, S. R. (1993) Report on bacterial wilt of potato in the western hills of Nepal: Seminar paper No. 93-7. Management of bacterial wilt of potato, Delhi, 11-16 Oct. 1992, 8 pp.
------- biovar II.

* Lamichhane JR, Balestra GM, Mazzaglia A, Kshetri M, Varvaro L (2010) An overview of bacterial diseases of the most important agricultural crops in Nepal. in International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC2010): International Symposiumon Plant Protection, Lisbonne, Portugal. Acta horticulturae 917, 203-210.
------- on potato, tomato, eggplant, pepper, tobacco

* Pradhanang PM, Elphinstone JG, Fox RTV (2000) Identification of crop and weed hosts of Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 2 in the hills of Nepal. Plant Pathology, 49: 403-413
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
China Neimenggu Present, no details view...
China Chongqing Present, widespread view...
China Anhui Present, no details view...
China Henan Present, no details view...
China Xianggang (Hong Kong) Present, few occurrences view...
China Guangdong Present, widespread view...
China Xinjiang Present, few occurrences view...
China Liaoning Present, few occurrences view...
China Shanghai Present, few occurrences view...
China Jilin Present, few occurrences view...
China Qinghai Present, few occurrences view...
China Gansu Present, few occurrences view...
China Ningxia Present, few occurrences view...
China Shaanxi Present, few occurrences view...
China Hunan Present, widespread view...
China Fujian Present, widespread view...
China Shanxi Present, no details view...
China Hainan Present, no details view...
China Guangxi Present, widespread view...
China Present, restricted distribution view...
China Zhejiang Present, no details view...
China Shandong Present, no details view...
China Sichuan Present, widespread view...
China Jiangsu Present, no details view...
China Beijing Present, no details view...
China Guizhou Present, no details view...
China Hebei Present, no details view...
China Hubei Present, no details view...
China Jiangxi Present, no details view...
China Yunnan Present, no details view...
India Nagaland Present, no details view...
India Bihar Present, no details view...
India Kerala Present, no details view...
India Tripura Present, no details view...
India Mizoram Present, no details view...
India Arunachal Pradesh Present, widespread view...
India Gujarat Present, no details view...
India Assam Present, no details view...
India Andaman and Nicobar Islands Present, no details view...
India Maharashtra Present, no details view...
India Punjab Present, no details view...
India Andhra Pradesh Present, no details view...
India Karnataka Present, no details view...
India Odisha Present, no details view...
India Tamil Nadu Present, no details view...
India Present, widespread view...
India Madhya Pradesh Present, no details view...
India Uttar Pradesh Present, no details view...
India West Bengal Present, no details view...
India Chhattisgarh Present, no details view...
India Uttarakhand Present, no details view...
India Jammu & Kashmir Present, no details view...
India Jharkand Present, no details view...
India Himachal Pradesh Present, no details view...
India Meghalaya Present, no details view...
India Goa Present, no details view...
India Manipur Present, no details view...