EPPO Global Database

Ralstonia solanacearum species complex(RALSSO)

Distribution details in India

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2014: Present, widespread
From NPPO: Present, widespread
Comments
Ralstonia solanacearum, R. pseudosolanacearum, R. syzygii.
References
* Balamurugan A, Kumar A, Muthamilan M, Sakthivel K, Vibhuti M, Ashajyothi M, Sheoran N, Kamalakannan A, Shanthi A, Arumugam T (2018) Outbreak of tomato wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum in Tamil Nadu, India and elucidation of its genetic relationship using multilocus sequence typing (MLST). European Journal of Plant Pathology 151(3), 831-839.
------- R. pseudosolanacearum on Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) in Tamil Nadu.

* Chandrashekara KN, Prasannakumar MK, Deepa M, Vani A, Ahmad Khan AN (2012) Prevalence of races and biotypes of Ralstonia solanacearum in India. Journal of Plant Protection Research 52(1), 53-58.
------- 57 isolates from various crops (including potato and tomato) from Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa and Tamil Nadu were characterized as R. pseudosolanacearum

* Elumalai, R. P.; Mahadevan, A. (1997) Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 35 (4), 408-412.

* French, E. R.; Martin, C.; Nydegger, U. (1977) American Potato Journal 54 (10), 479-480.

* NPPO of India (1993).

* Rao, V.M.B. (1977) Races of Pseudomonas solanacearum. Indian Journal of Plant Protection 5, 38-40.

* Ramesh R, Achari GA, Gaitonde S (2014) Genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum infecting solanaceous vegetables from India reveals the existence of unknown or newer sequevars of Phylotype I strains. European Journal of Plant Pathology 140(3), 543-562.

* Sagar V, Somani AK, Arora RK, Sharma S, Chakrabarti SK, Tiwari SK, Charturvedi R, Singh BP (2013) Status of bacterial wilt of potato in the Malwa region of Madya Pradesh in India. Journal of Plant Pathology 95(2), 321-328.
------- Since 2007, potato brown rot has been causing problems in Indore and other parts of Madhya Pradesh.

* Sagar V, Jeevalatha A, Mian S, Chakrabarti SK, Gurjar MS, Arora RK, Sharma S, Bakade RR, Singh BP (2014) Potato bacterial wilt in India caused by strains of phylotype I, II and IV of Ralstonia solanacearum. European Journal of Plant Pathology 138(1), 51-65.
------- R. solanacearum phylotype IIB-1 (biovar 2 race 3) was identified amongst potato isolates from Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and Meghalaya states. R. pseudosolanacearum phylotype I was amongst potato isolates from Himachal Pradesh (sequevars PI-30 and PI-45) and West Bengal (sequevar PI-45) states. R. syzygii phylotype IV-8 was amongst potato isolates from Meghalaya state only.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Bangladesh Present, widespread view...
Bhutan Present, no details view...
China Neimenggu Present, no details view...
China Guizhou Present, no details view...
China Hebei Present, no details view...
China Hubei Present, no details view...
China Jiangxi Present, no details view...
China Yunnan Present, no details view...
China Chongqing Present, widespread view...
China Anhui Present, no details view...
China Henan Present, no details view...
China Xianggang (Hong Kong) Present, few occurrences view...
China Guangdong Present, widespread view...
China Xinjiang Present, few occurrences view...
China Liaoning Present, few occurrences view...
China Shanghai Present, few occurrences view...
China Jilin Present, few occurrences view...
China Qinghai Present, few occurrences view...
China Gansu Present, few occurrences view...
China Ningxia Present, few occurrences view...
China Shaanxi Present, few occurrences view...
China Hunan Present, widespread view...
China Fujian Present, widespread view...
China Shanxi Present, no details view...
China Hainan Present, no details view...
China Guangxi Present, widespread view...
China Present, restricted distribution view...
China Zhejiang Present, no details view...
China Shandong Present, no details view...
China Sichuan Present, widespread view...
China Jiangsu Present, no details view...
China Beijing Present, no details view...
Myanmar Present, no details view...
Nepal Present, restricted distribution view...
Pakistan Present, widespread view...