EPPO Global Database

Pyrus communis(PYUCO)

Pests

Organism Type
Anastrepha fraterculus (as Pyrus) (ANSTFR) Incidental
'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali' (PHYPMA) Incidental
Carposina sasakii (as Pyrus) (CARSSA) Incidental
Epichoristodes acerbella (EPIOIO) Incidental
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Incidental
Gymnosporangium asiaticum (GYMNAS) Incidental
Gymnosporangium asiaticum (as Pyrus) (GYMNAS) Incidental
Gymnosporangium globosum (as Pyrus) (GYMNGL) Incidental
Scolytus schevyrewi (as Pyrus) (SCOLSH) Incidental
Acrobasis pirivorella (NUMOPI) Major
Anoplophora chinensis (as Pyrus) (ANOLCN) Major
Anthonomus piri (ANTHPY) Major
Apriona cinerea (APRICI) Major
Cacopsylla pyri (PSYLPI) Major
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pyri' (PHYPPY) Major
Carposina sasakii (CARSSA) Major
Chondrostereum purpureum (as Pyrus) (STERPU) Major
Comstockaspis perniciosa (QUADPE) Major
Cytospora ceratosperma (VALSCE) Major
Erwinia amylovora (ERWIAM) Major
* Bobev SG, Maes M, van Vaerenbergh J, Tahzima R (2010) Fire blight spread in Bulgaria and characteristics of the pathogen Erwinia amylovora. Acta Horticulturae no. 896, 133-140.

* Giorgi S, Scortichini M (2005) Molecular characterization of Erwinia amylovora strains from different host plants through RFLP analysis and sequencing of hrpN and dspA/E genes. Plant Pathology 54, 789-798.
Gymnosporangium sabinae (GYMNFU) Major
Halyomorpha halys (HALYHA) Major
Hyphantria cunea (HYPHCU) Major
Monilinia fructigena (MONIFG) Major
Neonectria ditissima (as Pyrus) (NECTGA) Major
Pear blister canker viroid (PBCVD0) Major
Pear bud drop agent (PRBD00) Major
Phlyctema vagabunda (as Pyrus) (PEZIAL) Major
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Major
Pseudococcus viburni (PSECOB) Major
Saperda candida (SAPECN) Major
Acrobasis pirivorella (as Pyrus) (NUMOPI) Minor
Adoxophyes orana (CAPURE) Minor
Agrobacterium tumefaciens (as Pyrus) (AGRBTU) Minor
Aleurocanthus spiniferus (ALECSN) Minor
* Cioffi M, Cornara D, Corrado I, Jansen MGM & Porcelli F (2013) The status of Aleurocanthus spiniferus from its unwanted introduction in Italy to date. Bulletin of Insectology 66, 273-281.
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Minor
Anarsia lineatella (ANARLI) Minor
Anarsia lineatella (as Pyrus) (ANARLI) Minor
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Minor
* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp.

* Eskafi FM, Cunningham RT (1987) Host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 70, 116-123.

* Mackie DB (1928) An investigation of the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew), in the lower Rio Grande valley of Texas. Monthly Bulletin of the California Department of Agriculture 17, 295-323.
Anthonomus pomorum (ANTHPO) Minor
Anthonomus quadrigibbus (TACYQU) Minor
Anthonomus quadrigibbus (as Pyrus) (TACYQU) Minor
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV0) Minor
Apple mosaic virus (APMV00) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (as Pyrus) (DACUDO) Minor
Bactrocera tryoni (as Pyrus) (DACUTR) Minor
Botryosphaeria kuwatsukai (PHYOPI) Minor
* Xu C, Wang CS, Ju LL, Zhang R, Biggs AR, Tanaka E, Li BZ, Sun GY (2015) Multiple locus genealogies and phenotypic characters reappraise the causal agent of apple ring rot in China. Fungal Diversity 71, 215-231.
------ Confirmed host.
Botryosphaeria kuwatsukai (as Pyrus) (PHYOPI) Minor
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pyri' (as Pyrus) (PHYPPY) Minor
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Minor
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Minor
Ceratitis rosa (as Pyrus) (CERTRO) Minor
Choristoneura rosaceana (CHONRO) Minor
Comstockaspis perniciosa (as Pyrus) (QUADPE) Minor
Conotrachelus nenuphar (CONHNE) Minor
Conotrachelus nenuphar (as Pyrus) (CONHNE) Minor
Cydia pomonella (CARPPO) Minor
Cytospora mali (VALSMA) Minor
Epiphyas postvittana (TORTPO) Minor
Erwinia amylovora (as Pyrus) (ERWIAM) Minor
* Van der Zwet, Keil HL (1979) Fire blight: a bacterial disease of rosaceous Plants. USDA Handbook no. 510. USDA, Washington (US), 200 p.

* Zeller W (1977) Studies on fire blight in the German Federal Republic. 2. Susceptibility of woody ornamentals to Erwinia amylovora. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes 29(1 ), p 1-10.
Grapholita inopinata (CYDIIN) Minor
Grapholita inopinata (as Pyrus) (CYDIIN) Minor
Grapholita molesta (LASPMO) Minor
Grapholita molesta (as Pyrus) (LASPMO) Minor
Grapholita packardi (LASPPA) Minor
Grapholita packardi (as Pyrus) (LASPPA) Minor
Grapholita prunivora (as Pyrus) (LASPPR) Minor
Hyphantria cunea (as Pyrus) (HYPHCU) Minor
Leucoptera malifoliella (LEUCSC) Minor
Lymantria dispar (LYMADI) Minor
Malacosoma disstria (as Pyrus) (MALADI) Minor
Malacosoma parallela (MALAPA) Minor
Megaplatypus mutatus (PLTPMU) Minor
Monilinia fructicola (MONIFC) Minor
Monilinia fructicola (as Pyrus) (MONIFC) Minor
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Minor
Parabemisia myricae (PRABMY) Minor
Phyllosticta solitaria (as Pyrus) (PHYSSL) Minor
Platynota stultana (as Pyrus) (PLAAST) Minor
Pseudococcus calceolariae (PSECGA) Minor
Rhagoletis pomonella (RHAGPO) Minor
* Prokopy RJ, Bush GL (1972) Apple maggot infestation of pear. Journal of Economic Entomology 65, 597.
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2006)  New host records for the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Washington State.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist  82: 54–60.
------- host as 'European pear'
Saperda candida (as Pyrus) (SAPECN) Minor
Thrips imaginis (THRIIM) Minor
Trirachys sartus (as Pyrus) (AELSSA) Minor
* Ahmad MI, Hafiz IA, Chaudhry MI (1977) Biological studies of Aeolesthes sarta Solksy attacking poplars in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Forestry 27, 123-129.

* Gressitt JL (1951) Longicornia. Volume 2. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

* Gaffar SA, Bhat AA (1991) Management of stem borer, Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky), infesting walnut trees in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Forestry 14, 138- 141.
Venturia nashicola (as Pyrus) (VENTNA) Minor
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (as Pyrus) (ACLSV0) Unclassified
Apple rubbery wood agent (ARW000) Unclassified
* Wang Y, Wang GP, Hong N, Wang YX, Yang ZK, Guo JS, Zhang Z, Li L, Li YJ, Li QY, Xu L, Qi LY (2019) First report of Apple Rubbery Wood Virus 2 infecting pear (Pyrus spp.) in China. Plant Disease 103(12), 3293.
------- confirmed host. 
Apple stem pitting virus (ASPV00) Unclassified
Apriona germari (as Pyrus) (APRIGE) Unclassified
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (TORTPR) Unclassified
Cacopsylla chinensis (as Pyrus) (CCPSCH) Unclassified
'Candidatus Liberibacter europaeus' (LIBEEU) Unclassified
* Raddadi N, Gonella E, Camerota C, Pizzinat A, Tedeschi R, Crotti E, Mandrioli M, Bianco PA, Daffonchio D, Alma A (2010) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter europaeus’ sp. nov. that is associated with and transmitted by the psyllid Cacopsylla pyri apparently behaves as an endophyte rather than a pathogen. Environmental Microbiology 13(2), 414–426.
------- First description on Pyrus communis (Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta, IT).
Ceratitis quilicii (CERTQI) Unclassified
* De Meyer M, Mwatawala M, Copeland RS, Virgilio M (2016) Description of new Ceratitis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) from Africa, or how morphological and DNA data are complementary in discovering unknown species and matching sexes. European Journal of Taxonomy 233, 1-23. 
------- Confirmed host.
Ceroplastes ceriferus (CERPCE) Unclassified
Corythucha arcuata (CRTHAR) Unclassified
* Csóka G, Hirka A, Mutun S, Glavendekić M, Mikó Á, Szőcs L, Paulin M, Eötvös CB, Gáspár C, Csepelényi M, Szénási Á, Franjević M, Gninenko Y, Dautbašić M, Muzejinović O, Zúbrik M, Netoiu C, Buzatu A, Bălăcenoiu F, Jurc M, Jurc D, Bernardinelli I, Streito JC, Avtzis D, Hrašovec B (2020), Spread and potential host range of the invasive oak lace bug [Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) – Heteroptera: Tingidae] in Eurasia. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 22: 61-74. https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12362
------- confirmed host.
Hop stunt viroid (HSVD00) Unclassified
Leucoptera malifoliella (as Pyrus) (LEUCSC) Unclassified
Monilinia polystroma (MONIPO) Unclassified
Naupactus xanthographus (as Pyrus) (NAUPXA) Unclassified
Neofabraea malicorticis (as Pyrus) (PEZIMA) Unclassified
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Unclassified
Oemona hirta (as Pyrus) (OEMOHI) Unclassified
Operophtera brumata (CHEIBR) Unclassified
Orgyia leucostigma (as Pyrus) (HEMELE) Unclassified
Pear blister canker viroid (as Pyrus) (PBCVD0) Unclassified
Pear bud drop agent (as Pyrus) (PRBD00) Unclassified
Phytophthora cactorum (as Pyrus) (PHYTCC) Unclassified
Pseudococcus comstocki (as Pyrus) (PSECCO) Unclassified
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Unclassified
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Taphrina bullata (as Pyrus) (TAPHBU) Unclassified
Tetranychus fijiensis (TETRFI) Unclassified
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Pyrus) (THRIHA) Unclassified