EPPO Global Database

Pyrus communis(PYUCO)

Pests

Organism Type
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Doubtful host
* Pringle KL, Heunis JM (2015) De Villiers M (Phytosanitary host status of apples as a host for false codling moth, Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). African Entomology 23( 1).
------- Blomefield (1989) and Newton (1998) are cited in publication mentionning apples or pear as host. However, these last two authors did not actually mention apples or pears as hosts for T. leucotreta.  Publications by Timm 2005; Timm et al. 2007; Timm et al. 2010 refers to traps in orchards, no finding in fruits.
Acrobasis pirivorella (as Pyrus) (NUMOPI) Host
Adoxophyes orana (CAPURE) Host
Agrobacterium tumefaciens (as Pyrus) (AGRBTU) Host
Aleurocanthus spiniferus (ALECSN) Host
* Cioffi M, Cornara D, Corrado I, Jansen MGM & Porcelli F (2013) The status of Aleurocanthus spiniferus from its unwanted introduction in Italy to date. Bulletin of Insectology 66, 273-281.
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Host
Anarsia lineatella (ANARLI) Host
Anarsia lineatella (as Pyrus) (ANARLI) Host
Anastrepha fraterculus (as Pyrus) (ANSTFR) Host
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Host
* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp.

* Eskafi FM, Cunningham RT (1987) Host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 70, 116-123.

* Mackie DB (1928) An investigation of the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew), in the lower Rio Grande valley of Texas. Monthly Bulletin of the California Department of Agriculture 17, 295-323.
Anastrepha suspensa (ANSTSU) Host
* Anonymous (1968) [Host records for Tephritidae]. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 18, 54, 153, 260, 365, 452, 926, 950.

* Anonymous (1968) [Host records for Tephritidae]. United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 18, 54, 153, 260, 365, 452, 926, 950.

* Swanson RW, Baranowski RM (1972) Host range and infestation by the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae), in south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 271-273.
Anthonomus pomorum (ANTHPO) Host
Anthonomus quadrigibbus (TACYQU) Host
Anthonomus quadrigibbus (as Pyrus) (TACYQU) Host
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV0) Host
Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (as Pyrus) (ACLSV0) Host
Apple mosaic virus (APMV00) Host
Apple rubbery wood agent (ARW000) Host
* Wang Y, Wang GP, Hong N, Wang YX, Yang ZK, Guo JS, Zhang Z, Li L, Li YJ, Li QY, Xu L, Qi LY (2019) First report of Apple Rubbery Wood Virus 2 infecting pear (Pyrus spp.) in China. Plant Disease 103(12), 3293.
------- confirmed host. 
Apple stem pitting virus (ASPV00) Host
Apriona germari (as Pyrus) (APRIGE) Host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Han P, Wang X, Niu CY, Dong YC, Zhu JQ, Desneux N (2011) Population dynamics, phenology, and overwintering of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hubei Province, China. Journal of Pest Science 84, 289-295.
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Host
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Kapoor VC (1993) Indian fruit flies (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae). Oxford & IBH Publishing, 228 pp,
Botryosphaeria kuwatsukai (PHYOPI) Host
* Xu C, Wang CS, Ju LL, Zhang R, Biggs AR, Tanaka E, Li BZ, Sun GY (2015) Multiple locus genealogies and phenotypic characters reappraise the causal agent of apple ring rot in China. Fungal Diversity 71, 215-231.
------ Confirmed host.
Botryosphaeria kuwatsukai (as Pyrus) (PHYOPI) Host
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (TORTPR) Host
Cacopsylla chinensis (as Pyrus) (CCPSCH) Host
'Candidatus Liberibacter europaeus' (LIBEEU) Host
* Raddadi N, Gonella E, Camerota C, Pizzinat A, Tedeschi R, Crotti E, Mandrioli M, Bianco PA, Daffonchio D, Alma A (2010) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter europaeus’ sp. nov. that is associated with and transmitted by the psyllid Cacopsylla pyri apparently behaves as an endophyte rather than a pathogen. Environmental Microbiology 13(2), 414–426.
------- First description on Pyrus communis (Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta, IT).
'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali' (PHYPMA) Host
* Del Serrone P, La Starza S, Krystai L, Kölber M, Barba M (1998) Occurrence of apple proliferation and pear decline phytoplasmas in diseased pear trees in Hungary. Journal of Plant Pathology 80, 53–58.

* Seemüller E, Schneider B (2004) ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’, ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma pyri’ and ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum’, the causal agents of apple proliferation, pear decline and European stone fruit yellows, respectively. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54(2), 1217–1226.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pyri' (as Pyrus) (PHYPPY) Host
Carposina sasakii (as Pyrus) (CARSSA) Host
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* De Meyer M., Copeland RS, Lux SA, Mansell M, Quilici S, Wharton R, White IM, Zenz NJ (2002) Annotated check list of host plants for Afrotropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the genus Ceratitis. Zoologische Documentatie Koninklijk Museum voor Midden Afrika 27, 1-91.
Ceratitis quilicii (CERTQI) Host
* De Meyer M, Mwatawala M, Copeland RS, Virgilio M (2016) Description of new Ceratitis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) from Africa, or how morphological and DNA data are complementary in discovering unknown species and matching sexes. European Journal of Taxonomy 233, 1-23. 
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Host
Ceratitis rosa (as Pyrus) (CERTRO) Host
Ceroplastes ceriferus (CERPCE) Host
Choristoneura rosaceana (CHONRO) Host
Comstockaspis perniciosa (as Pyrus) (QUADPE) Host
Conotrachelus nenuphar (CONHNE) Host
* Brown MW (2005) Host utilization and phenology of injury by plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in West Virginia. Journal of Entomological Science 40(2), 149–157.

* Leskey TC, Wright SE (2007) Host preference of the plum curculio. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 123(3), 217-227.

* Maier CT (1990) Native and exotic rosaceous hosts of apple, plum and quince curculio larvae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the northeastern United States. Environmental Entomology 83(4), 1326–1332.
Corythucha arcuata (CRTHAR) Host
* Csóka G, Hirka A, Mutun S, Glavendekić M, Mikó Á, Szőcs L, Paulin M, Eötvös CB, Gáspár C, Csepelényi M, Szénási Á, Franjević M, Gninenko Y, Dautbašić M, Muzejinović O, Zúbrik M, Netoiu C, Buzatu A, Bălăcenoiu F, Jurc M, Jurc D, Bernardinelli I, Streito JC, Avtzis D, Hrašovec B (2020), Spread and potential host range of the invasive oak lace bug [Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) – Heteroptera: Tingidae] in Eurasia. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 22: 61-74. https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12362
------- confirmed host.
Cydia pomonella (CARPPO) Host
Cytospora mali (VALSMA) Host
Eotetranychus lewisi (EOTELE) Host
* Flechtmann CHW (1996) Rediscovery of Tetranychus abacae Baker & Pritchard, additional description and notes on South American spider mites (Acari, Prostigmata, Tetranychidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 13: 569-578.
Epichoristodes acerbella (EPIOIO) Host
Epiphyas postvittana (TORTPO) Host
Erwinia amylovora (as Pyrus) (ERWIAM) Host
* Van der Zwet, Keil HL (1979) Fire blight: a bacterial disease of rosaceous Plants. USDA Handbook no. 510. USDA, Washington (US), 200 p.

* Zeller W (1977) Studies on fire blight in the German Federal Republic. 2. Susceptibility of woody ornamentals to Erwinia amylovora. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes 29(1 ), p 1-10.
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Host
Grapholita inopinata (CYDIIN) Host
Grapholita inopinata (as Pyrus) (CYDIIN) Host
Grapholita molesta (LASPMO) Host
Grapholita molesta (as Pyrus) (LASPMO) Host
Grapholita packardi (LASPPA) Host
Grapholita packardi (as Pyrus) (LASPPA) Host
Grapholita prunivora (as Pyrus) (LASPPR) Host
Gymnosporangium asiaticum (GYMNAS) Host
Gymnosporangium asiaticum (as Pyrus) (GYMNAS) Host
Gymnosporangium globosum (as Pyrus) (GYMNGL) Host
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Turner WF, Pollard HN (1959) Life histories and behavior of five insect vectors of phony peach disease. United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1188, 28 pp.
-------- Feeding host.
Hop stunt viroid (HSVD00) Host
Hyphantria cunea (as Pyrus) (HYPHCU) Host
Leucoptera malifoliella (LEUCSC) Host
Leucoptera malifoliella (as Pyrus) (LEUCSC) Host
Lymantria dispar (LYMADI) Host
Malacosoma disstria (as Pyrus) (MALADI) Host
Malacosoma parallela (MALAPA) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (PLTPMU) Host
* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.

* INTERNET
Sistema Nacional Argentino de Vigilancia y Monitoreo de plagas. Megaplatypus mutatus. https://www.sinavimo.gov.ar/plaga/megaplatypus-mutatus
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Pyrus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Allegro G, Griffo R (2008) I rischi di diffusione di Megaplatypus mutatus. L'informatore Agrario no. 13, 73-76.
Monilinia fructicola (MONIFC) Host
Monilinia fructicola (as Pyrus) (MONIFC) Host
Monilinia polystroma (MONIPO) Host
* Martini C, di Francesco A, Lantos A, Mari M (2015) First report of Asiatic brown rot (Monilinia polystroma) and brown rot (Monilinia fructicola) on pears in Italy. Plant Disease 99(4), p 556.
Naupactus leucoloma (GRAGLE) Host
* Chadwick CF (1965) Checklist of the Brachyderinae (Col. Curculionidae) occurring in Australia. Journal of the Entomological Society of Australia (NSW) 2, 21-34.
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* Caballero VC (1972) Algunos aspectos de la biología y control de Naupactus xanthographus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) en durazneros en Chile. Rev Peru Entomol. 15(1): 190–194

* González (1989) Insectos y acaros de importancia agricola y cuarentenaria en Chile. Universidad de Chile: 310 pp
------- confirmed host (as peral)

* Sinavimo (2019) Naupactus xanthographus Sistema Nacional Argentino de Vigilancia y Monitoreo de plagas. Available at: https://www.sinavimo.gov.ar/plaga/naupactus-xanthographus
------- causing damage on buds, flower, leaves, shoots, roots.
Naupactus xanthographus (as Pyrus) (NAUPXA) Host
Neofabraea malicorticis (as Pyrus) (PEZIMA) Host
Oemona hirta (OEMOHI) Host
Oemona hirta (as Pyrus) (OEMOHI) Host
Operophtera brumata (CHEIBR) Host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Pyrus) (HEMELE) Host
Parabemisia myricae (PRABMY) Host
Pear blister canker viroid (as Pyrus) (PBCVD0) Host
Pear bud drop agent (as Pyrus) (PRBD00) Host
Phyllosticta solitaria (as Pyrus) (PHYSSL) Host
Phytophthora cactorum (as Pyrus) (PHYTCC) Host
Platynota stultana (as Pyrus) (PLAAST) Host
Pseudococcus calceolariae (PSECGA) Host
Pseudococcus comstocki (as Pyrus) (PSECCO) Host
Rhagoletis pomonella (RHAGPO) Host
* Prokopy RJ, Bush GL (1972) Apple maggot infestation of pear. Journal of Economic Entomology 65, 597.
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Norrbom AL (2017) Provisional List of Suitable Host Plants of the Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0, 20pp, in USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI)
Edition 2.0; https://coffhi.cphst.org/. 
------- confirmed host.

* Yee WL, Goughnour RB (2006)  New host records for the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Washington State.  Pan-Pacific Entomologist  82: 54–60.
------- host as 'European pear'
Saperda candida (as Pyrus) (SAPECN) Host
Scolytus schevyrewi (as Pyrus) (SCOLSH) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Taphrina bullata (as Pyrus) (TAPHBU) Host
Tetranychus fijiensis (TETRFI) Host
Thrips hawaiiensis (as Pyrus) (THRIHA) Host
Thrips imaginis (THRIIM) Host
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
* Kalpana Tillekaratne, Edirisinghe JP, Gunatilleke CVS, Karunaratne AIP (2011) A checklist of thrips species of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 40(2), 89-108.
Trichoferus campestris (as Pyrus) (HESOCA) Host
* Iwata R & Yamada F (1990) Notes on the biology of Hesperophanes campestris, a drywood borer in Japan. Material und Organismen 25, 305–313.
Trirachys sartus (as Pyrus) (AELSSA) Host
* Ahmad MI, Hafiz IA, Chaudhry MI (1977) Biological studies of Aeolesthes sarta Solksy attacking poplars in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Forestry 27, 123-129.

* Gressitt JL (1951) Longicornia. Volume 2. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

* Gaffar SA, Bhat AA (1991) Management of stem borer, Aeolesthes sarta (Solsky), infesting walnut trees in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Forestry 14, 138- 141.
Acrobasis pirivorella (NUMOPI) Major host
Anoplophora chinensis (as Pyrus) (ANOLCN) Major host
* Sjöman H, Östberg J & Nilsson J (2014) Review of host trees for the wood-boring pests Anoplophora glabripennis and Anoplophora chinensis: an urban forest perspective. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry 40(3), 143–164.
Anthonomus piri (ANTHPY) Major host
Apriona cinerea (APRICI) Major host
Cacopsylla pyri (PSYLPI) Major host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma pyri' (PHYPPY) Major host
* Del Serrone P, La Starza S, Krystai L, Kölber M, Barba M (1998) Occurrence of apple proliferation and pear decline phytoplasmas in diseased pear trees in Hungary. Journal of Plant Pathology 80, 53–58.
Carposina sasakii (CARSSA) Major host
Chondrostereum purpureum (as Pyrus) (STERPU) Major host
Comstockaspis perniciosa (QUADPE) Major host
Cytospora ceratosperma (VALSCE) Major host
Erwinia amylovora (ERWIAM) Major host
* Bobev SG, Maes M, van Vaerenbergh J, Tahzima R (2010) Fire blight spread in Bulgaria and characteristics of the pathogen Erwinia amylovora. Acta Horticulturae no. 896, 133-140.

* Giorgi S, Scortichini M (2005) Molecular characterization of Erwinia amylovora strains from different host plants through RFLP analysis and sequencing of hrpN and dspA/E genes. Plant Pathology 54, 789-798.
Gymnosporangium sabinae (GYMNFU) Major host
Halyomorpha halys (HALYHA) Major host
Hyphantria cunea (HYPHCU) Major host
Monilinia fructigena (MONIFG) Major host
Neonectria ditissima (as Pyrus) (NECTGA) Major host
Pear blister canker viroid (PBCVD0) Major host
Pear bud drop agent (PRBD00) Major host
Phlyctema vagabunda (as Pyrus) (PEZIAL) Major host
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Major host
Pseudococcus viburni (PSECOB) Major host
Saperda candida (SAPECN) Major host
Venturia nashicola (VENTNA) Non-host
European pear (Pyrus communis) is not a host of V. nashicola.

* EFSA (2017), EFSA Panel on Plant Health, Jeger M, Bragard C, Caffier D, Candresse T, Chatzivassiliou E, Dehnen-Schmutz K, Gilioli G, Gregoire J-C, Jaques Miret JA, MacLeod A, Navajas Navarro Maria, Niere B, Parnell S, Potting R, Rafoss T, Urek G, Van Bruggen A, Van der Werf W, West J, Winter S, Gonzalez-Dominguez E, Vicent A, Vloutoglou I, Bottex B and Rossi V, Scientific Opinion on pest categorisation of Venturia nashicola. EFSA Journal 2017;15(11):5034, 22 pp. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5034

* Ishii H, Yanase H (2000) Venturia nashicola, the scab fungus of Japanese and Chinese pears: a species distinct from V. pirina. Mycological Research 104, 755-759.

* Tanaka S, Yamamoto S (1964) Studies on pear scab. II. Taxonomy of the causal fungus of Japanese pear scab. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 29, 128-136.