EPPO Global Database

Potato spindle tuber viroid(PSTVD0)

Hosts

Important note about the classification of host plants in GD:
Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to a qualitative evaluation of the importance of the host plant for the pest concerned and remain indicative only.
Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Solanum tuberosum (SOLTU) Major host
* Diener TO, Raymer WB (1967) Potato spindle tuber virus – A plant virus with properties of a free nucleic acid. Science 158, 378-381.
Atriplex semilunaris (ATXSM) Wild/Weed
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Datura sp. (DATSS) Wild/Weed
* Verhoeven JThJ, Jansen CCC, Botermans M, Roenhorst JW (2010) Epidemiological evidence that vegetatively propagated, solanaceous plant species act as sources of Potato spindle tuber viroid inoculum for tomato. Plant Pathology 59, 3-12.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Solanum anguivi (SOLAG) Wild/Weed
* Skelton A, Buxton-Kirk A, Fowkes A, Harju V, Forde S, Ward R, Frew L, Wagstaff O, Pearce TR, Terry J, Dickie J, Cockel C, Nyamongo DO, Aboagye LM, Wasswa JM, Fox A (2019) Potato spindle tuber viroid detected in seed of uncultivated Solanum anguivi, S. coagulans and S. dasyphyllum collected from Ghana, Kenya and Uganda. New Disease Reports 39, 23-23.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Solanum coagulans (SOLDB) Wild/Weed
* Skelton A, Buxton-Kirk A, Fowkes A, Harju V, Forde S, Ward R, Frew L, Wagstaff O, Pearce TR, Terry J, Dickie J, Cockel C, Nyamongo DO, Aboagye LM, Wasswa JM, Fox A (2019) Potato spindle tuber viroid detected in seed of uncultivated Solanum anguivi, S. coagulans and S. dasyphyllum collected from Ghana, Kenya and Uganda. New Disease Reports 39, 23-23.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Solanum dasyphyllum (SOLDA) Wild/Weed
* Skelton A, Buxton-Kirk A, Fowkes A, Harju V, Forde S, Ward R, Frew L, Wagstaff O, Pearce TR, Terry J, Dickie J, Cockel C, Nyamongo DO, Aboagye LM, Wasswa JM, Fox A (2019) Potato spindle tuber viroid detected in seed of uncultivated Solanum anguivi, S. coagulans and S. dasyphyllum collected from Ghana, Kenya and Uganda. New Disease Reports 39, 23-23.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Brugmansia hybrids (BGMHY) Host
* Verhoeven JThJ, Jansen CCC, Botermans M, Roenhorst JW (2010) Epidemiological evidence that vegetatively propagated, solanaceous plant species act as sources of Potato spindle tuber viroid inoculum for tomato. Plant Pathology 59, 3-12.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Brugmansia sanguinea (DATSA) Host
* Verhoeven JThJ, Jansen CCC, Botermans M, Roenhorst JW (2010) Epidemiological evidence that vegetatively propagated, solanaceous plant species act as sources of Potato spindle tuber viroid inoculum for tomato. Plant Pathology 59, 3-12.
------- Absence of symptoms
Brugmansia suaveolens (DATSU) Host
* Verhoeven JThJ, Jansen CCC, Botermans M, Roenhorst JW (2010) Epidemiological evidence that vegetatively propagated, solanaceous plant species act as sources of Potato spindle tuber viroid inoculum for tomato. Plant Pathology 59, 3-12.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Calibrachoa sp. (KBCSS) Host
* Verhoeven JThJ (2010) Identification and epidemiology of pospiviroids. Thesis Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. ISBN 978-90-8585-623-8, 136 pp.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Capsicum annuum (CPSAN) Host
* Lebas BSM, Clover GRG, Ochoa-Corona FM, Elliott DR, Tang Z and Alexander BJR (2005) Distribution of potato spindle tuber viroid in New Zealand glasshouse crops of capsicum and tomato. Australasian Plant Pathology, 34, 129-133.

* Verhoeven JTJ, Koenraad, HMS, Jodlowska A, Hüner L, Roenhorst (2020) Pospiviroid infections in Capsicum annuum: disease symptoms and lack of seed transmission. European Journal of Plant Pathology 156(1), 21–29 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-019-01849-1
------- inoculation study, no seed transmission.
Cestrum aurantiacum (CEMAU) Host
* Luigi M, Luison D, Tomassoli L, Faggioli F (2011) First report of Potato spindle tuber and Citrus exocortis viroids in Cestrum spp. in Italy New Disease Reports 23, 4. https://doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2011.023.004
------- Absence of symptoms.
Cestrum elegans (CEMEL) Host
* Luigi M, Luison D, Tomassoli L, Faggioli F (2011) First report of Potato spindle tuber and Citrus exocortis viroids in Cestrum spp. in Italy New Disease Reports 23, 4. https://doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2011.023.004
-------As Cestrum rubrum. Absence of symptoms.
Cestrum endlicheri (CEMEN) Host
* Luigi M, Luison D, Tomassoli L, Faggioli F (2011) First report of Potato spindle tuber and Citrus exocortis viroids in Cestrum spp. in Italy New Disease Reports 23, 4. https://doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2011.023.004
------- Absence of symptoms.
Cestrum nocturnum (CEMNO) Host
* Luigi M, Luison D, Tomassoli L, Faggioli F (2011) First report of Potato spindle tuber and Citrus exocortis viroids in Cestrum spp. in Italy New Disease Reports 23, 4. https://doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2011.023.004
------- Absence of symptoms.
Chenopodium eremaeum (CHEER) Host
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
------- As Rhagodia eremaea. Absence of symptoms.
Dahlia sp. (DAHSS) Host
* Tsushima T, Murakami S, Ito H, He YH, Raj APC, Sano T (2011) Molecular characterization of Potato spindle tuber viroid in dahlia. Journal of General Plant Pathology 77, 253–256.
------- Absence of symptoms,
Datura leichhardtii (DATLE) Host
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Erigeron bonariensis (ERIBO) Host
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
------- As Conyza bonariensis. Absence of symptoms.
Hevea brasiliensis (HVEBR) Host
* Kumar A, Pandey DM, Abraham T, Mathew J, Jyothsna P, Ramachandran P, Malathi VG (2015) Molecular characterization of viroid associated with tapping panel dryness syndrome of Hevea brasiliensis from India. Current Science 108, 1520-1527.

* Ramachandran P, Francis L, Mathur S, Varma A, Mathew J, Mathew NM, Sethurajm MR (2000) Evidence for association of a low molecular weight RNA with tapping panel dryness syndrome of rubber. Plant Disease 84, 1155.
Ipomoea batatas (IPOBA) Host
* CIP (1991) International Potato Center, Annual Report, CIP 1991. Lima, Peru. 290 pp.
------- Document cited in Mackie et al. (2016) European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
Lycianthes rantonnetii (SOLRA) Host
* Di Serio F (2007) Identification and characterization of potato spindle tuber viroid infecting Solanum jasminoides and S. rantonnetii in Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology 89, 297-300.
------- Natural infection. Absence of symptoms.
Nicandra physalodes (NICPH) Host
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Persea americana (PEBAM) Host
* Querci M, Owens RA, Vargas C, Salazar LF (1995) Detection of potato spindle tuber viroid in avocado growing in Peru. Plant Disease 79, 196-202.
Petunia sp. (PEUSS) Host
* Mertelik J, Kloudova K, Cervena G, Necekalova J, Mikulkova H, Levkanicova Z, Dedic P, Ptacek J (2010) First report of Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) in Brugmansia spp., Solanum jasminoides, Solanum muricatum and Petunia spp. in the Czech Republic. Plant Pathology 59, 392.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Physalis angulata (PHYAN) Host
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Physalis peruviana (PHYPE) Host
* Ward LI, Tang J, Veerakone S, Quinn BD, Harper SJ, Delmiglio C, Clover GRG (2010) First report of Potato spindle tuber viroid in Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) in New Zealand. Plant Disease 94 (4), 479.
------- Affected plants showed severe leaf distortion, fasciation and etiolation of growing tips, and weak flowering. 
Solanum laxum (SOLJM) Host
* Di Serio F (2007) Identification and characterization of potato spindle tuber viroid infecting Solanum jasminoides and S. rantonnetii in Italy. Journal of Plant Pathology 89, 297-300.
------- A. S. jasminoides. Absence of symptoms.
Solanum lycopersicum (LYPES) Host
* Puchta H, Herold T, Verhoeven K, Roenhorst A, Ramm K, Schmidt-Puchta W, Sänger HL (1990) A new strain of potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd-N) exhibits major sequence differences as compared to all other PSTVd strains sequenced so far. Plant Molecular Biology, 15, 509-511.
Solanum muricatum (SOLMU) Host
* Puchta H, Herold T, Verhoeven K, Roenhorst A, Ramm K, Schmidt-Puchta W, Sänger HL (1990) A new strain of potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd-N) exhibits major sequence differences as compared to all other PSTVd strains sequenced so far. Plant Molecular Biology, 15, 509-511.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Solanum nigrum (SOLNI) Host
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
Solanum pseudocapsicum (SOLPC) Host
* Lemmetty A, Laamanen J, Soukained M, Tegel J (2011) Emerging virus and viroid pathogen species identified for the first time in horticultural plants in Finland in 1997-2010. Agricultural and Food Science 20, 29-41.
-------- Absence of symptoms.
Solanum sisymbriifolium (SOLSI) Host
* NPPO of the Netherlands (2017) First finding of Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) in seeds of Solanum sisymbriifolium, originating in Asia - June 2017. https://english.nvwa.nl/documents/plant/plant-health/pest-reporting/documents/first-finding-of-potato-spindle-tuber-viroid-pstvd-in-seeds-of-solanum-sisymbriifolium-originating-in-asia
Streptoglossa sp. (ZTOSS) Host
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Streptosolen jamesonii (SROJA) Host
* Verhoeven JThJ, Jansen CCC, Roenhorst JW (2008) Streptosolen jamesonii ‘Yellow’, a new host plant of Potato spindle tuber viroid. Plant Pathology, 57, 399.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Anisodus stramoniifolius (AOULU) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- As Scopolia anomala, S. lurida and S. stramonifolia.
Anisodus tanguticus (AOUTA) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- As Scopolia tangutica.
Atropa belladonna (ATRBE) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Atropanthe sinensis (ATFSI) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- As Scopolia sinensis.
Browallia americana (BRWAM) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- As Browallia demissa and as Browallia grandiflora. Absence of symptoms.
Browallia viscosa (BRWVI) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Campanula medium (CMPME) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Capsicum baccatum (CPSBA) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
-------  As Capsicum microcarpum. Absence of symptoms.
Cardiospermum halicacabum (CRIHA) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Cerastium tomentosum (CERTO) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Convolvulus tricolor (CONTR) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Dianthus barbatus (DINBA) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Gynura aurantiaca (GYUAU) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
Jaltomata contorta (JALCO) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- As Saracha umbellata. Absence of symptoms.
Jaltomata procumbens (SRAPR) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- As Saracha jaltomata. Absence of symptoms.
Myosotis sylvatica (MYOSI) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Nicotiana (1NIOG) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Aat least 25 Nicotiana species. Absence of symptoms.
Penstemon richardsonii (PEERI) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
Physalis (1PHYG) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- At least 13 Physalis species. Absence of symptoms.
Physochlaina physaloides (QCAPH) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- As Scopolia physaloides.
Salpiglossis sinuata (SLGSI) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
-------  As Salpiglossis variabilis and as S. sinuata. Absence of symptoms.
Salpiglossis spinescens (SLGSP) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Scabiosa japonica (SCBJA) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Schizanthus pinnatus (SZTPI) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Schizanthus retusus (SZTRE) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Scopolia carniolica (SLJCA) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
Solanum (1SOLG) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- At least 51 species, absence of symptoms (except for Solanum depilatum and S. lycopersicum)
Solanum aviculare (SOLAV) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.
Solanum betaceum (CYJBE) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- As Cyphomandra betacea. Absence of symptoms.
Solanum dulcamara (SOLDU) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- As Solanum depilatum Kitag.
Solanum melongena (SOLME) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
Valeriana officinalis (VALOF) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- Absence of symptoms.