EPPO Global Database

Phytoplasma solani(PHYPSO)

Distribution details in France

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, restricted distribution
From NPPO: Present, restricted distribution
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (1994/166) confirms that true flavescence dorée only occurs in the south, the form in Bourgogne being serologically distinct (bois noir, i.e. stolbur).

EPPO Reporting Service (1995/232) : Bois noir (i.e. stolbur) present in Auvergne, Bourgogne; together with flavescence dorée in Midi-Pyrénées and Rhône-Alpes. Yet another (unidentified) yellows agent in Bourgogne and Val de Loire.

EPPO Reporting Service (2001/166) : present in all vine-growing areas but incidence is very low.

Chuche et al. (2017), associated with a severe decline of lavander crops in Southern France.
References
* Chuche J, Danet JL, Rivoal JB, Arricau-Bouvery N, Thiéry D (2017) Minor cultures as hosts for vectors of extensive crop diseases: does Salvia sclarea act as a pathogen and vector reservoir for lavender decline? Journal of Pest Science. doi:10.1007/s10340-017-0885-5
------- On Lavender crops, and on Salvia sclarea.

* Daire X, Clair D, Larrue J, Boudon-Padieu E, Caudwell A (1993) Vitis 32 (3), 159-163.
------- Bois noir and another grapevine yellows phytoplasma in the North. Flavescence doree in the South.

* Fos A, Danet JL, Zreik L, Garnier M, Bove JM (1992) Plant Disease 76 (11), 1092-1096.

* Kuntzmann P, Foissac X, Beccavin I, Chambin C, Choloux S, Coarer M, Delorme G, Méjean I, Molot B, Mourot F, Renard I, Rouchaud E, Savarit P, Viguès V (2014) Bois noir de la vigne: synthèse des dernières observations. Phytoma - La Défense des Végétaux no. 679, 31-36.
------- Incidence has been increasing since 2000.

* Kuszala C, Cazelles O, Boulud J, Credi R, Granata G, Kriel G, Magarey P, Magnien C, Pearson RC, Refatti E, Tanne E, Caudwell A (1993) Agronomie 13 (10), 929-933.
------- Bois noir in the northeast.

* NPPO of France (1992).

* Speich, P. (2001) Bilan phytosanitaire vigne 2001 – Une année quasi normale après des épisodes surprenants. Phytoma – La Défense des Végétaux, no. 543, 18-21.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Belgium Absent, pest eradicated view...
Germany Present, restricted distribution view...
Italy Sicilia Present, no details view...
Italy Present, widespread view...
Spain Present, restricted distribution view...
Switzerland Present, restricted distribution view...