EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani'(PHYPSO)

Distribution details in Italy

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, widespread
Pest status declared by NPPO: For bois noir phytoplasma: Present, widespread (2019-01)
EPPO Reporting Service (1993/121) : spreading in grapevine.

EPPO Reporting Service (1994/166) : Samples from Sicilia and Emilia-Romagna are not serologically related to flavescence dorée phytoplasma. However, according to EPPO Reporting Service (95/171), a phytoplasma is definitely involved.

EPPO Reporting Service (1994/179) also considers that a form of yellows from Puglia is not true flavescence dorée.

EPPO Reporting Service (1995/231) : both grapevine flavescence dorée phytoplasma and a phytoplasma of the aster yellows group (grapevine bois noir phytoplasma?) seem together to cause severe yellows in Liguria.

EPPO Reporting Service (1997/46) : found with flavescence dorée region of Treviso (Veneto).

EPPO Reporting Service (1997/77) : bois noir phytoplasma only (i.e. stolbur) found in Campania.

EPPO Reporting Service (1999/095) : found with flavescence dorée in Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Veneto.

EPPO Reporting Service (1999/135) : in Molise.

EPPO Reporting Service (2000/077) : general increase in Emilia-Romagna.

EPPO Reporting Service (2003/165) : bois noir only in Val d'Aosta.

From NPPO (2011): phytoplasmas belonging to the stolbur group were detected in symptomatic samples of Monarda fistulosa in the Herb Garden, in the municipality of Casola Valsenio (province of Ravenna), Emilia-Romagna region.

EPPO Reporting Service (2012/035) : maize redness found in Lombardia.
* Bianco PA, Casati P, Belli G (1997) Proceedings 4th International Symposium of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, Bonn, Germany, 9-12 Sep. 1996, 179-182. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
------- As a grapevine yellows in addition to flavescence doree in the North.

* Calari A, Contaldo N, ARdizzi S, Bertaccini A (2010) Phytoplasma detection in corn with reddening in Italy. Abstact of a paper presented at the Working Groups of Cost Action FA0807. Integrated management of phytoplasma epidemics in different crop systems (Sitges, ES, 2010-02-01/02), p 5. http://www.costphytoplasma.eu/PDF%20files/WG%20BookwithiISBN.pdf
------- First report of maize redness in Lombardia.

* Kuszala C, Cazelles O, Boulud J, Credi R, Granata G, Kriel G, Magarey P, Magnien C, Pearson RC, Refatti E, Tanne E, Caudwell A (1993) Agronomie 13 (10), 929-933.
------- As grapevine yellows, distinct from flavescence doree, in Emilia Romagna.

* Lovisolo O, Conti M (1976) Italia Agricola 113 (10), 90-102.

* Martelli & Prota (1983) Le virosi delle piante da frutto. Italia Agricola (REDA).

* NPPO of Italy (2010-12, 2019-01).

* Quacquarelli A (1993) Phytopathologia mediterranea.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Austria Present, few occurrences view...
France Present, restricted distribution view...
Slovenia Present, restricted distribution view...
Switzerland Present, restricted distribution view...