EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum'(LIBEPS)

Distribution details in Spain

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 2008
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present: only in some parts of the Member State concerned on carrot and celery. Absent: pest found but eradicated on potato (2021-04)
From CABI Disease map 1098 (2016): Present, restricted distribution
Note: the Solanaceae haplotypes of ‘Ca. L. solanacearum’ associated with zebra chip disease, as well as their psyllid vector, Bactericera cockerelli (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), are absent from the EPPO region.

EPPO Reporting Service (2012/121) : detected in commercial fields of carrots in mainland Spain (Comunidad Valenciana, Castilla-La-Mancha and Castilla Léon) and in Tenerife (Islas Canarias). The bacterium has also been found in Apium graveolens crops, and in association with two psyllid species: Trioza apicalis and Bactericera trigonica.

EPPO Reporting Service (2013/036) : new haplotype identified and associated with carrots/Bactericera trigonica.

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/134) : haplotype E detected in potatoes in stores in Cantabria.

EPPO Reporting Service (2021/146) : following the detection of haplotype E in stored potatoes in Cantabria (see above), further surveys have confirmed that the pathogen has been eradicated and is absent in potato production.
* Alfaro-Fernández A, Hernández-Llopis D, Font MA (2017) Haplotypes of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ identified in umbeliferous crops in Spain. European Journal of Plant Pathology 149(1), 127-131.
------- Haplotypes D and E on Apiaceae (carrot, celery, parsley, parsnip) from Alicante, Albacete, Murcia, La Rioja, Segovia, Tenerife.

* Alfaro-Fernández A, Siverio F, Cebrián MC, Villaescusa FJ, Font MI (2012) ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ associated with Bactericera trigonica-affected carrots in the Canary Islands. Plant Disease 96(4), p 581-582.

* Alfaro-Fernández A, Cebrián MC, Villaescusa FJ, Hermoso de Mendoza, A, Ferrándiz JC, Sanjuán S, Font, MI (2012) First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ in carrot in mainland Spain. Plant Disease 96(4), p 582.

* Font San Ambroiso I, Alfaro Fernandez AO (2014) Virus y bacterias asociados a amarilleos y enrojecimientos de la zanahoria en Espana. Phytoma-Espana no. 161, 35-40.
------- On carrots (Daucus carota), mixed infections with 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum'.

Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca Alimentación y Medio Ambiante. ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (CaLsol). http://www.mapama.gob.es/es/agricultura/temas/sanidad-vegetal/candidatus_liberibacter_solanacearum/

* Nelson WR, Sengoda VG, Alfaro-Fernandez AO, Font MI, Crosslin JM, Munyaneza JE (2012) A new haplotype of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ identified in the Mediterranean region. European Journal of Plant Pathology, doi 10.1007/s10658-012-0121-3

* NPPO of Spain (2011-10, 2021-04).

* Teresani GR, Bertolini E, Alfaro-Fernandez A, Martinez C, Tanaka FAO, Kitajima EW, Rosello M, Sanjuan S, Ferrandiz JC, Lopez MM, Cambra M, Font MI (2014) Association of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' with a vegetative disorder of celery in Spain and development of a real-time PCR method for its detection. Phytopathology 104(8), 804-811.
------- On Apium graveolens in Villena (Alicante).
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Present, few occurrences view...
Morocco Present, restricted distribution view...
Portugal Present, restricted distribution view...