EPPO Global Database

Heterobasidion irregulare(HETEIR)

Hosts

Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to an evaluation of the biological importance of the host plant for the pest concerned, together with the economic importance of this plant for the EPPO region. These categories do not reflect the complexity of the associations that may exist between a host plant and a pest, nor result from exhaustive literature reviews. Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Abies balsamea (ABIBA) Major
* Dumas MT, Laflamme G (2013) Pinus banksiana, a new primary host of the pathogen Heterobasidion irregulare in Eastern Canada. In Canadian Plant Disease Survey - Disease Highlights, The Canadian Phytopathological Society.
------- confirmed host
Calocedrus decurrens (CCDDE) Major
* Garbelotto M, Gonthier P (2013) Biology, Epidemiology, and Control of Heterobasidion Species Worldwide. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2013. 51:39–59
------ confirmed host
Juniperus occidentalis (IUPOC) Major
* Otrosina WJ, Garbelotto M (2010) Heterobasidion occidentale sp. nov. and Heterobasidion irregulare nom. nov.: a disposition of North American Heterobasidion biological species. Fungal Biology 114:(1): 16–25
Pinus banksiana (PIUBN) Major
* Dumas MT, Laflamme G. 2013. Pinus banksiana, a new primary host of the pathogen Heterobasidion irregulare in Eastern Canada. In Canadian Plant Disease Survey - Disease Highlights, The Canadian Phytopathological Society
------- confirmed host
Pinus elliottii (PIUEL) Major
* Garbelotto M, Gonthier P (2013) Biology, Epidemiology, and Control of Heterobasidion Species Worldwide. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2013. 51:39–59
------ confirmed host
Pinus halepensis (PIUHA) Major
* Scirè M, D’Amico L, Motta E, Annesi T. 2008. North American P type of Heterobasidion annosum shows pathogenicity towards Pinus halepensis in Italy. For. Path. 38 (2008) 299–301.
Pinus jeffreyi (PIUJE) Major
* Garbelotto M, Gonthier P (2013) Biology, Epidemiology, and Control of Heterobasidion Species Worldwide. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2013. 51:39–59
------ confirmed host
Pinus palustris (PIUPA) Major
Pinus pinea (PIUPN) Major
* Gonthier P, Warner R, Nicolotti G, Mazzaglia A, Garbelotto MM (2004) Pathogen introduction as a collateral effect of military activity. Mycol. Res. 108 (5): 468–470.
Pinus ponderosa (PIUPO) Major
* Otrosina WJ, Garbelotto M (2010) Heterobasidion occidentale sp. nov. and Heterobasidion irregulare nom. nov.: a disposition of North American Heterobasidion biological species. Fungal Biology 114:(1): 16–25
Pinus radiata (PIURA) Major
* Garbelotto M, Gonthier P (2013) Biology, Epidemiology, and Control of Heterobasidion Species Worldwide. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2013. 51:39–59
------ confirmed host
Pinus resinosa (PIURE) Major
* Garbelotto M, Gonthier P (2013) Biology, Epidemiology, and Control of Heterobasidion Species Worldwide. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2013. 51:39–59
------ confirmed host
Pinus taeda (PIUTD) Major
* Otrosina WJ, Garbelotto M (2010) Heterobasidion occidentale sp. nov. and Heterobasidion irregulare nom. nov.: a disposition of North American Heterobasidion biological species. Fungal Biology 114:(1): 16–25
Abies (1ABIG) Minor
Calocedrus (1CCDG) Minor
Juniperus (1IUPG) Minor
* Garbelotto M, Gonthier P (2013) Biology, Epidemiology, and Control of Heterobasidion Species Worldwide. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2013. 51:39–59
Juniperus virginiana (IUPVI) Minor
* Filip GM, Morrison DJ (1998) North America, pp 405-128. In Woodward S, Stenlid J, Karjalainen R, Hütterman A. 1998. Heterobasidion annosum. Biology, ecology, impact and control. 589 pp. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
Larix (1LAXG) Minor
Larix laricina (LAXLA) Minor
Larix lyallii (LAXLY) Minor
Larix occidentalis (LAXOC) Minor
Picea (1PIEG) Minor
Picea abies (PIEAB) Minor
* Lind M, Dalman K, Stenlid J, Karlsson B, Olson Å (2007) Identification of quantitative trait loci affecting virulence in the basidiomycete Heterobasidion annosum s.l. Curr Genet (2007) 52:35–44
------- susceptibility demonstrated in inoculation studies
Picea glauca (PIEGA) Minor
Picea sitchensis (PIESI) Minor
Pinus (1PIUG) Minor
Pinus coulteri (PIUCO) Minor
 *Filip GM, Morrison DJ (1998) North America, pp 405-128. In Woodward S, Stenlid J, Karjalainen R, Hütterman A. 1998. Heterobasidion annosum. Biology, ecology, impact and control. 589 pp. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
Pinus edulis (PIUED) Minor
 *Filip GM, Morrison DJ (1998) North America, pp 405-128. In Woodward S, Stenlid J, Karjalainen R, Hütterman A. 1998. Heterobasidion annosum. Biology, ecology, impact and control. 589 pp. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
Pinus lambertiana (PIULA) Minor
Pinus monophylla (PIUMP) Minor
* Filip GM, Morrison DJ (1998) North America, pp 405-128. In Woodward S, Stenlid J, Karjalainen R, Hütterman A. 1998. Heterobasidion annosum. Biology, ecology, impact and control. 589 pp. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
Pinus strobus (PIUST) Minor
 *Filip GM, Morrison DJ (1998) North America, pp 405-128. In Woodward S, Stenlid J, Karjalainen R, Hütterman A. 1998. Heterobasidion annosum. Biology, ecology, impact and control. 589 pp. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
Pseudotsuga (1PSTG) Minor
Pseudotsuga menziesii (PSTME) Minor
* Garbelotto M, Gonthier P (2013) Biology, Epidemiology, and Control of Heterobasidion Species Worldwide. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 2013. 51:39–59
------ confirmed host
Thuja plicata (THUPL) Minor
* Hammett C, Shamoun SF, Kassatenko I, Li X (2014) Advances toward DNA-based identification and differentiation of North American Heterobasidion spp. 369-P. Poster Session: Ecology and Epidemiology - Population Biology Genetics. 2014 APS-CPS Joint Meeting, August 9-13, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Pinus echinata (PIUEC) Unclassified
* Lee CA, Bruhn J, Muzika RM (2017) Distribution of Heterobasidion irregulare in Missouri pine-oak forests.
North American Fungi 12(1): 1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.2509/naf2017.012.001
------- confirmed host
Arbutus menziesii (ARDME) Incidental
Arctostaphylos manzanita (ARYMA) Incidental
Chamaecyparis thyoides (CHCTH) Incidental
Erica arborea (EIAAR) Incidental
* Gonthier P, Anselmi N, Capretti P, Bussotti F, Feducci M, Giordano L, Honorati T, Lione G, Luchi N, Michelozzi M, Paparatti B, Sillo F, Vettraino AM, Garbelotto M. 2014a. An integrated approach to control the introduced forest pathogen Heterobasidion irregulare in Europe. Forestry 2014; 87, 471–481
Pinus brutia (PIUBR) Incidental
* Scirè M, D’Amico L, Motta E, Annesi T. 2008. North American P type of Heterobasidion annosum shows pathogenicity towards Pinus halepensis in Italy. For. Path. 38 (2008) 299–301.
------- confirmed host, in an arboretum in California 
Pinus pinaster (PIUPL) Incidental
* Scirè M, D’Amico L, Motta E, Annesi T. 2008. North American P type of Heterobasidion annosum shows pathogenicity towards Pinus halepensis in Italy. For. Path. 38 (2008) 299–301.
------- Pathogenic in inoculation trials. Also observed in an arboretum in California.
Pinus sylvestris (PIUSI) Incidental
Prunus serotina (PRNSO) Incidental
Quercus (1QUEG) Incidental
Tsuga (1TSUG) Incidental
Tsuga canadensis (TSUCA) Incidental