EPPO Global Database

Carica papaya(CIAPA)

Pests

Organism Type
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Experimental
* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp. 

* Eskafi FM, Cunningham RT (1987) Host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 70, 116-123.
Rhynchophorus palmarum (RHYCPA) Experimental
* Lepesme P (1947) Les insectes des palmiers. Paul Lechevalier editeur, Paris, 903 pp.

* Wattanapongsiri, A. (1966) A revision of the Genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis. Department of Agricultural Science Bulletin, Bangkok, Thailand.
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Host
* Dietz HF, Zetek J (1920) The blackfly of citrus and other subtropical plants. USDA Bulletin 885, 1-55.

* Dubey AK, Ko CC (2012) Sexual dimorphism among species of Aleurocanthus Quaintance & Baker (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Taiwan, with one new species and an identification key. Zootaxa 3177, 1–23.

* Nguyen R, Sailer RI, Hamon AB (1993) Catalogue of Aleyrodidae on citrus and their natural enemies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Occasional Papers of the Florida State Collection of Arthropods 8, 57 pp.
------- A. woglumi does not complete one generation on this host.
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Host
* Boopathi T (2022) New host plants, natural enemy complex and newly distributed potential areas of exotic spiralling whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India. Phytoparasitica 50(2), 335-357.
Amblypelta cocophaga (AMBPCO) Host
Amblypelta lutescens (AMBPLU) Host
* Lindsay KR, Zalucki MP, Newton IR, Furlong MJ (2019) Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of the Native Banana-Spotting Bug, Amblypelta lutescens lutescens (Hemiptera: Coreidae), in Avocado Crops in North Queensland, Australia, Journal of Economic Entomology 112(4), 1812–1820. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz084
------- confirmed host
Anastrepha fraterculus (ANSTFR) Host
* Gonzalez Mendoza R (1952) Contribucion al estudio de las moscas Anastrepha en Colombia. Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía 12, 423–549.

* Putruele MTG (1996) Hosts for Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus in the northeastern Province of Entre Ríos, Argentina. In Fruit Fly Pests: A World Assessment of Their Biology and Management, BA McPheron & GJ Steck (Eds.), pp. 343–345. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL.
Anastrepha suspensa (ANSTSU) Host
* Swanson RW, Baranowski RM (1972) Host range and infestation by the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae), in south Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 271-273.
Bactrocera carambolae (BCTRCB) Host
* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Nakamichi KA, Kurashima RS, Birnbaum AL, Hanlin MA (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.1. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI).
Bactrocera curvipennis (DACUCR) Host
* Leblanc L (2022) The dacine fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) of Oceania. Insecta Mundi 0948, 1-167. https://journals.flvc.org/mundi/article/view/131965/135549
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Allwood AJ, Chinajariyawong A, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jinapin JC, Jirasurat M, Krong CK, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 47(7), 1-92.

* Leblanc L (2022) The dacine fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) of Oceania. Insecta Mundi 0948, 1-167. https://journals.flvc.org/mundi/article/view/131965/135549
Bactrocera kandiensis (BCTRKA) Host
* Tsuruta K, White IM, Bandara HMJ, Rajapakse H, Sundaraperuma SAH, Kahawatta SBMUC, Rajapakse GBJP (1997) A preliminary notes on the host-plants of fruit flies of the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Sri Lanka. Esakia 37, 149-160.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Host
* Allwood AL, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C,  Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia.  Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 7, 1-92.
Bagrada hilaris (BAGRHI) Host
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV00) Host
Brevipalpus papayensis (BRVPPA) Host
Brevipalpus yothersi (BRVPYO) Host
* Beard JJ, Ochoa R, Braswell WE, Bauchan GR (2015) Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) species complex (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) – a closer look. Zootaxa 3944(1), 67 pp. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3944.1.1
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Bau HJ, Hung SC, Chang WC, Chen YK (2011) First report of group 16SrXII phytoplasma associated with papaya yellows in Taiwan. Plant Disease 95(12), p 1581
Ceratitis anonae (CERTAN) Host
* Nanga Nanga S, Hanna R, Fotso Kuate A, Fiaboe KK, Nchoutnji I, Ndjab M, Gnanvossou D, Mohamed SA, Ekesi S, Djieto-Lordon C (2022) Tephritid fruit fly species composition, seasonality, and fruit infestations in two central African agro-ecological zones. Insects 13(11), 1045. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13111045
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* Liquido NJ, Cunnigham RT, Nakagawa S (1990) Host plants of Mediterranean fruit fly on the island of Hawaii (1949-1985 survey). Journal of Economic Entomology 83(5),  1863-1878,
Ceratitis quilicii (CERTQI) Host
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis quilicii. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=434
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Host
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Host
Colletotrichum acutatum (COLLAC) Host
Colletotrichum fructicola (COLLFC) Host
* EFSA PLH Panel (EFSA Panel on Plant Health), Bragard C, Dehnen-Schmutz K, Di Serio F, Gonthier P, Jacques M-A, Jaques Miret JA, Justesen AF, MacLeod A, Magnusson CS, Milonas P, Navas-Cortes JA, Parnell S, Potting R, Thulke H-H, Van der Werf W, Civera AV, Yuen J, Zappala L,  Migheli Q, Vloutoglou I, Campese C, Maiorano A, Streissl F, Reignault PL (2021) Scientific Opinion on the pest categorisation of Colletotrichum fructicola. EFSA Journal 19(8), 6803, 41 pp
Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus (CLCUGV) Host
* Khan AJ, Akhtar S, Al-Shihi AA, Al-Hinai FM, Briddon RW (2012) Identification of Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus in papaya in Oman. Plant Disease 96(11), 1704. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-05-12-0438-PDN
Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV0) Host
* Mumo NN, Mamati GE, Ateka EM, Rimberia FK, Asudi GO, Boykin LM, Machuka EM, Njuguna JN, Pelle R, Stomeo F (2020) Metagenomic analysis of plant viruses associated with papaya ringspot disease in Carica papaya L. in Kenya. Frontiers Microbiology 11, 205. 
Dacus bivittatus (DACUBI) Host
* Nanga Nanga S, Hanna R, Fotso Kuate A, Fiaboe KK, Nchoutnji I, Ndjab M, Gnanvossou D, Mohamed SA, Ekesi S, Djieto-Lordon C (2022) Tephritid fruit fly species composition, seasonality, and fruit infestations in two central African agro-ecological zones. Insects 13(11), 1045. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13111045
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.
Dichocrocis punctiferalis (DICHPU) Host
Empoasca papayae (EMPOPA) Host
Empoasca stevensi (EMPOST) Host
Eotetranychus lewisi (EOTELE) Host
* Abato-Zárate M, Villanueva-Jimenez JA, Otero-Colina G, Avila C (2014) Acarofauna associated to papaya orchards in Veracruz, Mexico Acta Zoologica Mexicana (N.S.), 30: 595-609.

* Andrews KL, Poe SL (1980) Spider mites of El Salvador, Central America (Acari: Tetranychidae), Florida Entomologist, 63: 502-505.

* Baker EW, Pritchard AE (1962) Arañas rojas de América Central (Acarina : Tetranychidae). Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia Natural, 23: 309-340.

* Berry P (1959) Entomologia economica de El Salvador. Boletin Técnico, 24: 1-256.

* Flechtmann CHW, Kreiter S, Etienne J, Moraes GJd (1999) Plant mites (Acari) of the French Antilles. 1. Tetranychoidea (Prostigmata). Acarologia, 40: 137-144.

* Ochoa R, Agular H, Sanabria C (1991) Acaros fitofagos de America Central: guia ilustrada, 251 pp. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Host
Lettuce chlorosis virus (LCV000) Host
* Alabi OJ, Al Rwahnih M, Jifon JL, Sétamou M, Brown JK, Gregg L, Park JW (2017) A mixed Infection of Lettuce chlorosis virus, Papaya ringspot virus, and Tomato yellow leaf curl virus-IL detected in a Texas papaya orchard affected by a virus-like disease outbreak. Plant Disease 101(7), 1094-1102.
Lissachatina fulica (ACHAFU) Host
* Thiengo SC, Faraco FA, Salgado NC, Cowie RH, Fernandez MA (2007) Rapid spread of an invasive snail in South America: the giant African snail, Achatina fulica, in Brasil. Biological Invasions 9, 693-702.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Host
* Chang LWH, Miller CE (1996) Pathway Risk Assessment: Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 61 pp.
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Host
* Lima IM, Dolinski CM, Souza RM (2003) Dispersao de Meloidogyne mayaguensis em goiabais de Sao Joao da Barraq e relato de novos hospedeiros dentre plantas invasoras e cultivadas (Dispersal of Meloidogyne mayaguensis in guava orchards in the city of Sao Joao da Barra, Brazil, and new hosts amongst cultivated plant species and weeds. Nematologia Brasileira 27(2), 257-258. (abstract)
------- confirmed host, first report

* Souza RM, Nogueira MS, Lima IM, Melarto M, Dolinski CM (2006) Manejo de nematoides das galhas da goiabeira em Sao Joao da Barra (RJ) e relato de novos hospedeiros. Nematologia Brasileira 30, 165-169. 
------- confirmed host

* Brito JA, Kaur R, Cetintas R, Stanley JD, Mendes ML, McAvoy EJ, Powers TO, Dickson DW (2008) Identification and isozyme characterization of Meloidogyne spp. infecting horticultural and agronomic drops, and weeds in Florida. Nematology 10(5), 757-766. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854108785787253
------- confirmed host
Metamasius hemipterus (METAHE) Host
Opogona sacchari (OPOGSC) Host
* Jang EB, Siderhurst M, Hollingsworth RG, Showalterb DN & Troyerb EJ (2010) Sex attractant for the banana moth, Opogona sacchari Bojer (Lepidoptera: Tineidae): provisional identification and field evaluation. Pest Management Science 66, 454–460.
------- observed reproducing on dead and dying papaya trunks in an abandoned papaya field.
Parasaissetia nigra (SAISNI) Host
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Host
* Diaz-Silva F (2011) [Agroecological aspects for the integrated management of Prodiplosis longifila Gagné in the irrigation of Chavimochic]. Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Trujillo, Trujillo, PERU (in Spanish).
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (PSEAPE) Host
Rhabdoscelus obscurus (SPPHOB) Host
Rotylenchulus reniformis (ROTYRE) Host
Scirtothrips dorsalis (SCITDO) Host
* Scott-Brown AS, Hodgetts J, Hall J, Simmonds MJS, Collins DW (2018) Potential role of botanic garden collections in predicting hosts at risk globally from invasive pests: a case study using Scirtothrips dorsalis. Journal of Pest Science 91(2), 601-611.
------- Confirmed host.
Selenothrips rubrocinctus (SLENRU) Host
* Zanuncio Junior JS, Martins Ddos S, Fornazier MJ, Ventura JA, Queiroz RB, Pinent SMJ, Zanuncio JC (2016) Thrips species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in Brazilian papaya (Brassicales: Caricaceae) orchards as potential virus vectors. Florida Entomologist, 99(2):314-317.
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Comstock JA (1965) Ciclo biologico de Prodenia ornithogalli Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoologia 36, 199-202.

* Poveda BD, Schwitzer DA (1964) Estudio biológico del Prodenia ornithogalli Guen. y del Prodenia sunia (Guen.) en três hospedeiros. Acta Agronômica 14(1), 71-101.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Host
* Mendonça RS, Navia D, Diniz IR, Flechtmann CHW (2011) South American spider mites: New hosts and localities. Journal of Insect Science 11:121. https://doi.org/10.1673/031.011.12101
------- confirmed host in Brazil
Tetranychus fijiensis (TETRFI) Host
Thrips hawaiiensis (THRIHA) Host
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from this plant in Java (Indonesia).
Thrips parvispinus (THRIPV) Host
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from this plant in Java (Indonesia).

* Sugano J, Hamasaki R, Villalobos E, Chou M-Y, Wright M, Fukuda S, Swift S, Ferreira S, Tsuda D, Diaz-Lyke M, Nakamoto S (2013) Damage to Papaya Caused by Thrips parvispinus (Karny) (poster). Honolulu (HI): University of Hawaii. https://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/Papaya_Thrips_poster.pdf
------- Confirmed host.
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Host
* Tennant PF, Fermin GA, Roye ME (2007) Viruses infecting papaya (Carica papaya L.): etiology, pathogenesis, and molecular biology. Plant Viruses 1, 178-188.
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Host
* Reddy M K, Venkataravanappa V, Madhuvanthi B, Jalali S (2010) Molecular characterization of begomoviruses associated with papaya leaf curl disease in India. Acta Horticulturae. 465-472.
------- confirmed host.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.
Zeugodacus cucumis (DACUCM) Host
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Host
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672
Anastrepha curvicauda (TOXTCU) Major host
* Knab F, Yothers WW (1914) Papaya fruit fly. Journal of Agricultural Research 2(6), 447-453.

* Pena JE, Baranowski RM, Litz RE (1986) Oviposition of the papaya fruit fly Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstaecker as affected by fruit maturity. Florida Entomologist 69(2), 344-348.
Asperisporium caricae (ASPRCA) Major host
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Major host
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.

* Leblanc L, Vueti ET, Drew AI, Allwood AJ (2012) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) in the Pacific islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Society 44, 11-53.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense' (PHYPAU) Major host
* Gera A, Mawassi M, Zeidan M, Spiegel S, Bar-Joseph M (2015) An isolate of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense' group associated with Nivun Haamir dieback disease of papaya in Israel. Plant Pathology 54(4), p 560.

* Liefting LW,  Padovan AC, Gibb KS, Beever RE, Andersen MT, Newcomb RD, Beck DL, Forster RLS (1998) 'Candidatus phytoplasma australiense' is the phytoplasma associated with Australian grapevine yellows, papaya dieback and Phormium yellow leaf diseases. European Journal of Plant Pathology 104(6), 619-623.
Papaya bunchy top agent (PWBT00) Major host
Papaya mosaic virus (PAPMV0) Major host
Xylosandrus crassiusculus (XYLBCR) Major host