EPPO Global Database

Carica papaya(CIAPA)

Pests

Organism Type
Anastrepha ludens (ANSTLU) Artificial
* Baker AC, Stone WE, Plummer CC, McPhail M (1944) A review of studies on the Mexican fruitfly and related Mexican species. USDA Miscellaneous Publications, 155 pp. 

* Eskafi FM, Cunningham RT (1987) Host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of economic importance in Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 70, 116-123.
Rhynchophorus palmarum (RHYCPA) Artificial
* Lepesme P (1947) Les insectes des palmiers. Paul Lechevalier editeur, Paris, 903 pp.

* Wattanapongsiri, A. (1966) A revision of the Genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis. Department of Agricultural Science Bulletin, Bangkok, Thailand.
Colletotrichum acutatum (COLLAC) Incidental
Eutetranychus orientalis (EUTEOR) Incidental
Lettuce chlorosis virus (LCV000) Incidental
Metamasius hemipterus (METAHE) Incidental
Scirtothrips dorsalis (SCITDO) Incidental
* Scott-Brown AS, Hodgetts J, Hall J, Simmonds MJS, Collins DW (2018) Potential role of botanic garden collections in predicting hosts at risk globally from invasive pests: a case study using Scirtothrips dorsalis. Journal of Pest Science 91(2), 601-611.
------- Confirmed host.
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Incidental
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Incidental
* Reddy M K, Venkataravanappa V, Madhuvanthi B, Jalali S (2010) Molecular characterization of begomoviruses associated with papaya leaf curl disease in India. Acta Horticulturae. 465-472.
------- confirmed host.
Asperisporium caricae (ASPRCA) Major
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Major
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Major
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.

* Leblanc L, Vueti ET, Drew AI, Allwood AJ (2012) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) in the Pacific islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Society 44, 11-53.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense' (PHYPAU) Major
* Gera A, Mawassi M, Zeidan M, Spiegel S, Bar-Joseph M (2015) An isolate of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense' group associated with Nivun Haamir dieback disease of papaya in Israel. Plant Pathology 54(4), p 560.

* Liefting LW,  Padovan AC, Gibb KS, Beever RE, Andersen MT, Newcomb RD, Beck DL, Forster RLS (1998) 'Candidatus phytoplasma australiense' is the phytoplasma associated with Australian grapevine yellows, papaya dieback and Phormium yellow leaf diseases. European Journal of Plant Pathology 104(6), 619-623.
Papaya bunchy top agent (PWBT00) Major
Papaya mosaic virus (PAPMV0) Major
Toxotrypana curvicauda (TOXTCU) Major
Xylosandrus crassiusculus (XYLBCR) Major
Aleurocanthus woglumi (ALECWO) Minor
Bagrada hilaris (BAGRHI) Minor
Ceratitis rosa (CERTRO) Minor
Eotetranychus lewisi (EOTELE) Minor
* Abato-Zárate M, Villanueva-Jimenez JA, Otero-Colina G, Avila C (2014) Acarofauna associated to papaya orchards in Veracruz, Mexico Acta Zoologica Mexicana (N.S.), 30: 595-609.

* Andrews KL, Poe SL (1980) Spider mites of El Salvador, Central America (Acari: Tetranychidae), Florida Entomologist, 63: 502-505.

* Baker EW, Pritchard AE (1962) Arañas rojas de América Central (Acarina : Tetranychidae). Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia Natural, 23: 309-340.

* Berry P (1959) Entomologia economica de El Salvador. Boletin Técnico, 24: 1-256.

* Flechtmann CHW, Kreiter S, Etienne J, Moraes GJd (1999) Plant mites (Acari) of the French Antilles. 1. Tetranychoidea (Prostigmata). Acarologia, 40: 137-144.

* Ochoa R, Agular H, Sanabria C (1991) Acaros fitofagos de America Central: guia ilustrada, 251 pp. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Minor
* Lima IM, Dolinski CM, Souza RM (2003) Dispersao de Meloidogyne mayaguensis em goiabais de Sao Joao da Barraq e relato de novos hospedeiros dentre plantas invasoras e cultivadas (Dispersal of Meloidogyne mayaguensis in guava orchards in the city of Sao Joao da Barra, Brazil, and new hosts amongst cultivated plant species and weeds. Nematologia Brasileira 27(2), 257-258. (abstract)
------- confirmed host, first report

* Souza RM, Nogueira MS, Lima IM, Melarto M, Dolinski CM (2006) Manejo de nematoides das galhas da goiabeira em Sao Joao da Barra (RJ) e relato de novos hospedeiros. Nematologia Brasileira 30, 165-169. 
------- confirmed host

* Brito JA, Kaur R, Cetintas R, Stanley JD, Mendes ML, McAvoy EJ, Powers TO, Dickson DW (2008) Identification and isozyme characterization of Meloidogyne spp. infecting horticultural and agronomic drops, and weeds in Florida. Nematology 10(5), 757-766. https://doi.org/10.1163/156854108785787253
------- confirmed host
Parasaissetia nigra (SAISNI) Minor
Rhabdoscelus obscurus (SPPHOB) Minor
Thrips parvispinus (THRIPV) Minor
* Sugano J, Hamasaki R, Villalobos E, Chou M-Y, Wright M, Fukuda S, Swift S, Ferreira S, Tsuda D, Diaz-Lyke M, Nakamoto S (2013) Damage to Papaya Caused by Thrips parvispinus (Karny) (poster). Honolulu (HI): University of Hawaii. https://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/Papaya_Thrips_poster.pdf
------- confirmed host
Zeugodacus cucumis (DACUCM) Minor
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Unclassified
Amblypelta cocophaga (AMBPCO) Unclassified
Amblypelta lutescens (AMBPLU) Unclassified
* Lindsay KR, Zalucki MP, Newton IR, Furlong MJ (2019) Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of the Native Banana-Spotting Bug, Amblypelta lutescens lutescens (Hemiptera: Coreidae), in Avocado Crops in North Queensland, Australia, Journal of Economic Entomology 112(4), 1812–1820. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz084
------- confirmed host
Bactrocera carambolae (BCTRCB) Unclassified
* Liquido NJ, McQuate GT, Nakamichi KA, Kurashima RS, Birnbaum AL, Hanlin MA (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew & Hancock (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.1. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI).
Bactrocera kandiensis (BCTRKA) Unclassified
* Tsuruta K, White IM, Bandara HMJ, Rajapakse H, Sundaraperuma SAH, Kahawatta SBMUC, Rajapakse GBJP (1997) A preliminary notes on the host-plants of fruit flies of the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Sri Lanka. Esakia 37, 149-160.
Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Unclassified
* Allwood AL, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C,  Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia.  Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 7, 1-92.
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV00) Unclassified
Brevipalpus papayensis (BRVPPA) Unclassified
Brevipalpus yothersi (BRVPYO) Unclassified
Ceratitis quilicii (CERTQI) Unclassified
* INTERNET
True Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region. Ceratitis quilicii. Specimens. http://projects.bebif.be/fruitfly/taxoninfo.html?id=434
------- Confirmed host.
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Unclassified
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Unclassified
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.
Dichocrocis punctiferalis (DICHPU) Unclassified
Empoasca papayae (EMPOPA) Unclassified
Empoasca stevensi (EMPOST) Unclassified
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (PHENHI) Unclassified
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Unclassified
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (PSEAPE) Unclassified
Rotylenchulus reniformis (ROTYRE) Unclassified
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Unclassified
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Unclassified
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Comstock JA (1965) Ciclo biologico de Prodenia ornithogalli Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoologia 36, 199-202.

* Poveda BD, Schwitzer DA (1964) Estudio biológico del Prodenia ornithogalli Guen. y del Prodenia sunia (Guen.) en três hospedeiros. Acta Agronômica 14(1), 71-101.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Unclassified
* Mendonça RS, Navia D, Diniz IR, Flechtmann CHW (2011) South American spider mites: New hosts and localities. Journal of Insect Science 11:121 available online: insectscience.org/11.121
------- confirmed host in Brazil
Tetranychus fijiensis (TETRFI) Unclassified
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Unclassified
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672