EPPO Global Database

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus(BURSXY)

Distribution details in China

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2020: Present, no details
First recorded in: 1982
From CABI Disease map 789 (2015): Present, no details
Comments
First found in 1982 in Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum in Nanjing. It has spread northward to several Chinese provinces causing severe damage to forest resources and the natural landscape.

From RPP 69(3): present on Pinus spp. in Jiangsu.

Reporting Service 520/19 of 1992-02: survey of 18 provinces and 669 samples of dead or dying conifers. Confirms that the nematode was found only in Jiangsu province, near cities of Nanjing and Zhenjiang. Especially on Pinus bungeana.

EPPO Reporting Service (1994/218) : isolated from dead wood of Pinus thunbergii and P. massoniana in 1991-08 in Dancheng town, Xiangshan county, Ningbo city, Zhejiang.

EPPO Reporting Service (1995/135) : present at Shenzhen, near Guangzhou, on border withe Hong Kong, in Guangdong province, according to Nematological Abstracts 63, p. 149, abstract 1287.

EPPO Reporting Service (1999/102) : continuing to spread northwestwards.

EPPO Reporting Service (2002/014) : gives an account of the first finds of the pest in different provinces of China.

EPPO Reporting Service (2013/245) : found in 2010 in Pinus tabulaeformis and P. armandii in forests of the Zhashui district in Shaanxi province causing pine wilt disease and mortality.

EPPO Reporting Service (2020/210) : causing severe damage to Pinus tabuliformis in Liaoning province. The vector was shown to be Monochamus saltuarius.
References
* Braasch, H. (1999) Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes 51 (5), 134-135.
------- Spreading northwest.

* Pan L, Li Y, Cui R, Liu Z, Zhang X (2020) Monochamus saltuarius endangers Pinus tabuliformis Carr. and carries Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner and Buhrer) in China. Forests 11(10), 1051. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11101051
------On Pinus tabuliformis in Liaoning province.

* Shi J, Chen F, Luo YQ, Wang Z, Xie BY (2013) First isolation of pine wood nematode from Pinus tabuliformis forests in China. Forest Pathology 43, 59-66.
------- On Pinus tabuliformis and P. armandii in Shaanxi province.

* Tang, Z. T.; Sun, T. C.; Wang, B. Z. (1989) Forest Pest and Disease No. 4, 36-37.

* Yang, B. J.; Wang, Q. L. (1988) Forest Research 1 (4), 450-452.

* Yang, B.J.; Wang, Q.L. (1989) Distribution of the pine wood nematode in China and susceptibility of some Chinese and exotic pines to the nematodes. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19, 1527-1530.

* Zhang, B-C.; Huang, Y-C. (1990) A list of important plant diseases in China. Review of Plant Pathology 69(3), 97-118.

* Zhou LF, Chen FM, Xie LY, Pan HY, Ye JR (2017) Genetic diversity of pine-parasitic nematodes Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and Bursaphelenchus mucronatus in China. Forest Pathology. DOI: 10.1111/efp.12334
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Vietnam Absent, unreliable record view...