EPPO Global Database

Xylella fastidiosa(XYLEFA)

Distribution details in Brazil

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2022: Present, restricted distribution
From CABI Disease map 262 (2015): Present, no details
EPPO Reporting Service (1996/196) : details on the situation of Xylella fastidiosa in Brazil.

According to Gonçalves et al. (2012), Citrus variegated chlorosis occurs in approximately 40% of citrus plants in Brazil and causes an annual loss of approximately 120 million US dollars.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/134) : detected in olive trees showing leaf scorch symptoms in the Mantiqueira mountain range region, in Maria da Fé (Minas Gerais state) and São Bento do Sapucaí (São Paulo state).

EPPO Reporting Service (2022/132) : found in 9 weed species in five plum (Prunus salicina) orchards heavily affected by plum leaf scald.
* Beretta, M. J. G.; Harakava, R.; Chagas, C. M.; Derrick, K. S.; Barthe, G. A.; Ceccardi, T. L.; Lee, R. F.; Paradela, O.; Sugimori, M.; Ribeiro, I. A. (1996) Plant Disease 80 (7), 821.

* Carvalho, M.L.V. (1996) [Present situation of citrus variegated chlorosis and control strategies]. Fitopatologia Brazileira, 21 (suplemento), p 328.

* Della Coletta-Filho H, Francisco CS, Lopes JRS, de Oliveira AF, da Silva LF (2016) First report of olive leaf scorch in Brazil, associated with Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 55(1), 130-135.
------- On olive trees.

* Gonçalves FP, Stuchi ES, Lourenço SA, Hau B, Amorim L (2012) Relationship between sweet orange yield and intensity of Citrus Variegated Chlorosis. Plant Pathology 61(4), 641-647.

* Lee, R. F.; Beretta, M. J. G.; Hartung, J. H.; Hooker, M. E.; Derrick, K. S. (1993) Summa Phytopathologia 19 (2), 123-125.

* Leite Jr, R.P. (1996) [Plum leaf scald: the disease and its causal agent Xylella fastidiosa.]. Fitopatologia Brazileira, 21 (suplemento), 327-328.

* Leite Jr, R.P.; Huang, G.F.; Ueno, B. (1996) [Occurrence of citrus variegated chlorosis caused by Xylella fastidiosa in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil.]. Fitopatologia Brazileira, 21 (suplemento), 335-336.

* Lopes, J.R.S.; Beretta,; M.J.G.; Harakava, R.; Almeida, R.P.P.; Krügner, R.; Garcia Jr, A. (1996) [Confirmation of leafhopper transmission of Xylella fastidiosa, the causal agent of citrus variegated chlorosis.]. Fitopatologia Brazileira, 21 (suplemento), p 343.

* Müller C, Esteves MB, Kleina HT, de Melo Sales T, Boti Liva K, Balbinote J, Spotti Lopes JR (2022) Weeds as alternative hosts of Xylella fastidiosa in Brazilian plum orchards. Journal of Plant Pathology 104, 487–493. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42161-021-00979-y

* Ueno, B.; Leite Jr, R.P. (1996) [Studies on the variablility of Xylella fastidiosa strains established from coffee and citrus based on the analysis of whole-cell proteins.]. Fitopatologia Brazileira, 21 (suplemento), p 341.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Argentina Present, restricted distribution view...
Paraguay Present, no details view...
Peru Absent, confirmed by survey view...
Venezuela Present, no details view...