EPPO Global Database

Vigna unguiculata(VIGSI)

Pests

Organism Type
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Doubtful host
* EPPO PRA for Thaumatotibia leucotreta. EPPO, Paris. Available at https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/ARGPLE/documents
------- listed by USDA (2010) as a host, but no other references can be found. Considered doubtful.

* USDA (2010) New pest response guidelines: false codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Emergency and Domestic Programs, Riverdale, Maryland. 
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Experimental
* Guimaraes LMP, Moura RM de, Pedrosa EMR (2003) Meloidogyne mayaguensis parasitism on different plant species. Nematologia Brasileira, 27(2), 139-145.
------- greenhouse study
Pepino mosaic virus (PEPMV0) Experimental
* Papayiannis LC, Kokkinos CD, Alfaro-Fernandez A (2011) Detection, characterization and host range studies of Pepino mosaic virus in Cyprus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 132, 1-7.
Potato black ringspot virus (PBRSV0) Experimental
Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi (PSDMPI) Experimental
Raspberry ringspot virus (RPRSV0) Experimental
Satsuma dwarf virus (SDV000) Experimental
* Iwanami T, Koizumi M, Ieki H (1993) Diversity of properties among satsuma dwarf virus and related viruses. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 59, 642-650.
------- As Vigna sinensis.

* Kishi K, Tanaka S (1964) Studies on the indicator plants for citrus viruses. II. Mechanical transmission of the virus, causing Satsuma dwarf, to sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Annals of the phytopathological society of Japan 29(3), 142-148

* Tanaka S, Kishi K & Yamada A (1965) Research on the indicator plants of Satsuma dwarf and Hassaku dwarf viruses. Proceedings of IOCV Conference 3(3), 260-267.
------- As Vigna sesquipedalis.

* Tanaka S, Kishi K (1963) Studies on indicator plants for citrus viruses. Mechanical inoculation on leguminous plants with sap from satsuma dwarf tree. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 28, 262–269.
------- As Vigna sesquipedalis.
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Experimental
* Chatzivassiliou EK (2021) An annotated list of legume-infecting viruses in the light of metagenomics. Plants 10(7):1413. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071413
Tomato ringspot virus (TORSV0) Experimental
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Host
* Boopathi T (2022) New host plants, natural enemy complex and newly distributed potential areas of exotic spiralling whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India. Phytoparasitica 50(2), 335-357.
Bean golden mosaic virus (as Vigna) (BGMV00) Host
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Host
Ceratothripoides claratris (CRTZCL) Host
* Premachandra WTS, Borgemeister C (2006) Infestation of Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on selected food crops in Thailand. Ruhuna Journal of Science 1(1), 41-46.
Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV0) Host
* Brunt AA, Kenten RH (1973) Cowpea mild mottle, a newly recognized virus infecting cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) in Ghana. Annals of Applied Biology 74(1), 67-74.

* Jeyanandarajah P, Brunt AA (1993) The natural occurrence, transmission, properties and possible affinities of Cowpea mild mottle virus. Journal of Phytopathology 137(2), 148-156.

* Thouvenel JC, Monsarrat A, Fauquet C (1982) Isolation of cowpea mild mottle virus from diseased soybeans in the Ivory Coast. Plant Disease 66(4), 336-337.
Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (CORBFL) Host
* Osdaghi E, Sardrood BP, Bavi M, Oghaz NA, Kimiaei S, Hadian S (2015) First report of Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens causing cowpea bacterial wilt in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology 163(7-8), 653-656.

* Osdaghi E, Young AJ, Harveson RM (2020) Bacterial wilt of dry beans caused by Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens: A new threat from an old enemy. Molecular Plant Pathology 21, 605-621. https://doi.org/10.1111/mpp.12926.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Diaporthe sojae (DIAPPS) Host
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (ELASLI) Host
* Gill HK, Capinera JL, McSorley R (2017) Featured Creatures. Lesser cornstalk borer. Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Insecta: lepidoptera: Pyralidae). University of Florida (US). http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/field/lesser_cornstalk_borer.htm

* Moraes GJ de, Ramalho F de S (1980) [Some insects associated with Vigna unguiculata Walp in the northeast]. Boletim de Pesquisa, EMBRAPA no. 1, 1-10 (in Portuguese).
------- In Bahia and Pernambuco, Brazil.

* Neunzig HH (1979) Systematics of immature Phycitines (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) associated with leguminous plants in the Southern United States. USDA Technical Bulletin no. 1589, 126 pp.

* Sandhu HS (2010) Biology and cultural control of lesser cornstalk borer on sugarcane. PhD thesis. University of Florida. https://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/UF/E0/04/14/72/00001/sandhu_h.pdf
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Matthews M (1991) Classification of the Heliothinae. Bulletin of the Natural Resources Institute No. 44. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.
Homalodisca vitripennis (HOMLTR) Host
* Turner WF, Pollard HN (1959) Life histories and behavior of five insect vectors of phony peach disease. United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1188, 28 pp.
-------- Feeding host.
Lampides boeticus (LAMDBO) Host
Liriomyza sativae (as Vigna) (LIRISA) Host
Liriomyza trifolii (LIRITR) Host
* Zhang XR, Xing ZL, Lei ZR, Gao YL (2017) Recent Status of the Invasive Leafminer Liriomyza trifolii in China. Southwestern Entomologist 42(1), 301-304. https://doi.org/10.3958/059.042.0130
Liriomyza trifolii (as Vigna) (LIRITR) Host
Megacopta cribraria (COPSCR) Host
Megalurothrips usitatus (MEGTUS) Host
* Azidah AA (2011) Thripidae (Thysanoptera) species collected from common plants and crops in Peninsular Malaysia. Scientific Research and Essays 6(24), 5107-5113.

* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from this plant in Java (Indonesia).

* Halbert SE (2020) Entomology Specimen Report. Tri-ology 59(2), 9-10.

* Tang DL, Yan KL, Fu BL, Wu JH, Liu K, Lu YY (2015) The life table parameters of Megalurothrips usitatus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on four leguminous crops. Florida Entomologist 98(2), 620-625.

* Tillekaratne K, Edirisinghe JP, Gunatilleke CVS, Karunaratne WAP (2011) Survey of thrips in Sri Lanka: A checklist of thrips species, their distribution and host plants. Ceylon Journal of Science 40(2), 89-108.

* Zafirah Z, Azidah AA (2018) Diversity and population of Thrips species on legumes with special reference to Megalurothrips usitatus. Sains Malaysiana 47(3) 433–439.
Melanagromyza obtusa (MEAGOP) Host
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.
Meloidogyne ethiopica (MELGET) Host
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Host
* Rusinque L, Maleita C, Abrantes I, Palomares-Rius JE, Inácio ML (2021) Meloidogyne graminicola - A threat to rice production: review update on distribution, biology, identification, and management. Biology 10, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111163
Naupactus leucoloma (GRAGLE) Host
* Álvarez LJ, Bernardis AM, Defea B, Dellapé P, del Río MG, Gittins López CG,  Lanteri AA, López Armengol MF, Marino de Remes Lenicov AM, Minghetti E, Paradell S, Rizzo ME (2021) Inventory of Hemiptera, Coleoptera (Curculionidae) and Hymenoptera associated with the horticultural production of the Alto Valle de Río Negro and Neuquén provinces (Argentina). Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 80(1), 48-69.
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Host
* Hoover GA, Biddinger DJ (2014) Omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Penn State Extension Pest Alert. https://ento.psu.edu/files/omnivorous-leafroller/view
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Neves Costa E et al. (2019) Antibiosis Levels to Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Cowpea Commercial Cultivars and Landrace Varieties, Journal of Economic Entomology 112(4), 1941–1945, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz096
------- Confirmed host. S. frugiperda considered as major pest of cowpea in Brazil.

* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
------- As Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata.
Spodoptera littoralis (SPODLI) Host
* Harakly FA, Bishara SI (1974) Effect of nutrition on the biology of the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.), in Egypt (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique d'Egypte 58, 25-30.

* Rehab Abd-Allah E, Mohanna AH, El-Sharkawy HM, Hashem MS (2018) Ecological and control studies on Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) infesting cowpea crop. Journal of Productivity and Development 23(1), 99-109.
Spodoptera litura (as Vigna) (PRODLI) Host
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts

* Wolcott GN (1948) The insects of Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of  Puerto Rico 32, 417–748.
Spodoptera praefica (PRODPR) Host
* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW & Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A database of the World's lepidopteran hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Thrips hawaiiensis (THRIHA) Host
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from this plant in Java (Indonesia).
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Host
* Kajita H, Hirose Y, Takagi M, Okajima S, Napompeth B, Buranapanichpan S (1996) Host plants and abundance of Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), an important pest of vegetables in Southeast Asia. Applied Entomology and Zoology 31(1), 87-94,

* Kalpana Tillekaratne, Edirisinghe JP, Gunatilleke CVS, Karunaratne AIP (2011) A checklist of thrips species of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 40(2), 89-108.
Thrips parvispinus (THRIPV) Host
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from this plant in Java (Indonesia).
Tobacco streak virus (TSV000) Host
* Chatzivassiliou EK (2021) An annotated list of legume-infecting viruses in the light of metagenomics. Plants 10(7):1413. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071413
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Host
* Wang XY, Feng J, Zang LY, Yan YL, Yang YY, Zhu, X.P. (2018) Natural occurrence of Tomato chlorosis virus in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in China. Plant Disease (102) 254.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Host
* Chatzivassiliou EK (2021) An annotated list of legume-infecting viruses in the light of metagenomics. Plants 10(7):1413. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071413

* Xiao L, Li YY, Lan PX, Tan GL, Ding M, Li RH, Li F (2016) First report of Tomato spotted wilt virus infecting cowpea in China. Plant Disease 100(1), 233.
------- Confirmed host.
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV0) Host
* Chatzivassiliou EK (2021) An annotated list of legume-infecting viruses in the light of metagenomics. Plants 10(7):1413. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071413
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (as Vigna) (TYLCV0) Host
Trogoderma granarium (TROGGA) Host
Maruca vitrata (MARUTE) Major host