EPPO Global Database

Triticum aestivum(TRZAX)

Pests

Organism Type
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (CORBMI) Doubtful host
* Stamova L, Sotirova V (1987) Reaction of different crops to artificial inoculation with Corynebacterium michiganense (E.F. Sm.) H.L. Jensen. Archiv fur Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz 23, 211–216.
------- Experimental. Causing wilted leaflets. Not confirmed in other publications. Pending confirmation, all monocotyledonous host plants reported by Stamova & Satirova (1987) are considered doubtful.
Spongospora subterranea (SPONSU) Experimental
* Simango K, Slabbert CP, van der Waals JE (2020) Alternative hosts of Spongospora subterranea f. sp. subterranea in southern Africa. Eur J Plant Pathol 157(6), 421–424. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-020-01993-z
Agromyza oryzae (AGMYOR) Host
Atherigona oryzae (ATHEOZ) Host
Atherigona oryzae (as Triticum) (ATHEOZ) Host
Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV00) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Jović J, Cvrković T, Mitrović M, Krnjajić S, Petrović A, Redinbaugh MG,  Pratt RC, Hogenhout SA, Toševski I (2009) Stolbur phytoplasma transmission to maize by Reptalus panzeriand the disease cycle of maize redness in Serbia. Phytopathology 99(9), 1053-1061
Cicadulina mbila (as Triticum) (CICDMB) Host
Claviceps purpurea (as Triticum) (CLAVPU) Host
Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (CORBFL) Host
* Gonçalves RM, Schipanski CA, Koguishi L, Soman JM, Sakate RK, Silva Junior TAF, Maringoni AC (2017) Alternative hosts of Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens, causal agent of bean bacterial wilt. European Journal of Plant Pathology 148, 357–365.
------- When grown in rotation with Fabaceae hosts.

* Harveson RM, Schwartz HF, Urrea CA, Yonts CD (2015) Bacterial wilt of dry-edible beans in the central high plains of the U.S.: past, present, and future. Plant Disease 99, 1665–1677.
------- When grown in rotation with infected dry bean crops. Wheat was also infected by Xanthomonas translucens.
Delia arambourgi (as Triticum) (HYLEAR) Host
Diabrotica barberi (DIABLO) Host
* Branson TF, Ortman EE (1967) Host range of larvae of the northern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 40(3), 412-414.
------- Confirmed host.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Ditylenchus dipsaci (as Triticum) (DITYDI) Host
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (ELASLI) Host
* Cividanes FJ (1989) Study of damage caused by Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller, 1848) to wheat under grass mulch. Semina (Londrina) 10(1), 12-16.

* Gill HK, Capinera JL, McSorley R (2017) Featured Creatures. Lesser cornstalk borer. Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Insecta: lepidoptera: Pyralidae). University of Florida (US). http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/field/lesser_cornstalk_borer.htm

* Sandhu HS (2010) Biology and cultural control of lesser cornstalk borer on sugarcane. PhD thesis. University of Florida. https://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/UF/E0/04/14/72/00001/sandhu_h.pdf
Emaravirus tritici (WHPV00) Host
* Jensen SG, Lane LC, Seifers DL (1996) A new disease of maize and wheat in the High Plains. Plant Disease 80, 1387–1390.

* Seifers DL, Harvey TL, Martin TJ, Jensen SG (1998) A partial host range of the High Plains virus of corn and wheat. Plant Disease 82, 875–879.

* Tatineni S, Hein GL (2021) High Plains wheat mosaic virus: An enigmatic disease of wheat and corn causing the High Plains disease. Molecular Plant Pathology, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/mpp.13113
Epilachna similis similis (as Triticum) (EPILSI) Host
Erwinia rhapontici (ERWIRH) Host
* Huang HC, Hsieh TF, Erickson RS (2003) Biology and epidemiology of Erwinia rhapontici, causal agent of pink seed and crown rot of plants. Plant Pathology Bulletin 12, 69-76.
European wheat striate mosaic virus (as Triticum) (EWSMV0) Host
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Matthews M (1991) Classification of the Heliothinae. Bulletin of the Natural Resources Institute No. 44. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.
Heterodera zeae (HETDZE) Host
Laodelphax striatellus (CALGMA) Host
Maize streak virus (as Triticum) (MSV000) Host
Maize stripe tenuivirus (as Triticum) (MSPV00) Host
Melanotus communis (MELNCO) Host
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (as Triticum) (MELGCH) Host
* Santo GS, O'Bannon JH, Finley AM, Golden AM (1980) Occurrence and host range of a new root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne chitwoodi) in the Pacific northwest. Plant Disease 64, 951-952.
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Host
* Brinkman H, Goossens JJM & van Riel HR (1996) Comparative host suitability of selected crop plants to Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax. Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Planzenschutz, Umweltschutz 69, 127-129.
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
* Sen F, Aydinli (2021) Host status of cultivated crops to Meloidogyne luci. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161(3), 607-618.
------- In experiments, cv. 1252 was found to be a good host.
Mythimna separata (PSEDSE) Host
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* Caballero VC (1972) Algunos aspectos de la biología y control de Naupactus xanthographus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) en durazneros en Chile. Rev Peru Entomol. 15(1):190–194
------- adult feeding only.
Puccinia graminis (as Triticum) (PUCCGR) Host
Pyricularia oryzae (as Triticum) (PYRIOR) Host
Reptalus panzeri (REPTPA) Host
Sclerophthora macrospora (as Triticum) (SCPHMA) Host
Sesamia calamistis (SESACA) Host
Sesamia cretica (SESACR) Host
Sitodiplosis mosellana (as Triticum) (SITDMO) Host
Soil-borne wheat mosaic virus (as Triticum) (SBWMV0) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4p. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf

* Comstock JA (1965) Ciclo biologico de Prodenia ornithogalli Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoologia 36, 199-202.

* Crumb SE (1929) Tobacco cutworms. USDA Technical Bulletin 88, p 179.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Tilletia caries (as Triticum) (TILLCA) Host
Tilletia controversa (as Triticum) (TILLCO) Host
Urocystis agropyri (as Triticum) (UROCAG) Host
Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (XANTTR) Host
Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (as Triticum) (XANTTR) Host
Anguina tritici (ANGUTR) Major host
Barley yellow dwarf virus MAV (BYDVM0) Major host
Barley yellow dwarf virus PAV (BYDVP0) Major host
Chinese wheat mosaic virus (WCHMV0) Major host
* Guo LM, Jing HE, Jing LI, Chen JP, Zhang HM (2019) Chinese wheat mosaic virus: a long-term threat to wheat in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. 18(4), 821-829.
Contarinia tritici (CONTTR) Major host
Cytorhabdovirus hordei (BYSMV0) Major host
Delia coarctata (HYLECO) Major host
Diabrotica speciosa (DIABSC) Major host
Diuraphis noxia (BRAYNO) Major host
European wheat striate mosaic virus (EWSMV0) Major host
Eurygaster integriceps (EURYIN) Major host
Haplothrips tritici (HAPLTR) Major host
Heterodera latipons (HETDLA) Major host
Listronotus bonariensis (HYROBO) Major host
* Morrison L (1938) Surveys of the insect pests of wheat crops in Canterbury and North Otago during the summers of 1936-37 and 1937-38. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology, Section A 20, 142-155.
-------Severe damage in crops following infested pasture.

* Morrone JJ (2011) Annotated checklist of the tribe Listroderini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Cyclominae). Zootaxa 3119, 1-68.
Mayetiola destructor (MAYEDE) Major host
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Major host
* Rusinque L, Maleita C, Abrantes I, Palomares-Rius JE, Inácio ML (2021) Meloidogyne graminicola - A threat to rice production: review update on distribution, biology, identification, and management. Biology 10, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111163
Meloidogyne naasi (MELGNA) Major host
Nysius huttoni (NYSIHU) Major host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Triticum) (HEMELE) Major host
* Belton EM (1988) Lepidoptera on fruit crops in Canada, Simon Fraser University, Dept. of Biological Sciences, Pest Management Program, Burnaby, BC. 105 pp
Oulema melanopus (LEMAME) Major host
Pheletes californicus (LIMOCF) Major host
Pyricularia oryzae (PYRIOR) Major host
* Goulart A, Paiva F, Mesquita N (1992) Perdasentrigo (Triticum aestivum) causadas por Pyricularia oryzae. Fitopatol Bras. 17:115–7.

* Islam MT, Croll D, Gladieux P et al. (2016) Emergence of wheat blast in Bangladesh was caused by a South American lineage of Magnaporthe oryzae . BMC Biol 14, 84. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12915-016-0309-7
Rathayibacter rathayi (CORBRA) Major host
Tilletia controversa (TILLCO) Major host
Tilletia indica (NEOVIN) Major host
* Kumar S, Singroha G, Singh GP, Sharma P (2021) Karnal bunt of wheat: etiology, breeding and integrated management. Crop Protection 139, 105376.
Trichodorus viruliferus (TRIHVI) Major host
Trogoderma granarium (TROGGA) Major host
Wheat yellowing stripe agent (WYS000) Major host
Wheat yellow leaf virus (WYLV00) Major host
Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa (XANTTU) Major host
* Clavijo F, Curland RD, Croce V, Lapaz MI, Dill-Macky R, Pereyra S, Siri MI (2022) Genetic and phenotypic characterization of Xanthomonas species pathogenic in wheat in Uruguay. Phytopathology 112(3), 511-520.