EPPO Global Database

Triticum aestivum(TRZAX)

Pests

Organism Type
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (CORBMI) Doubtful host
* Stamova L, Sotirova V (1987) Reaction of different crops to artificial inoculation with Corynebacterium michiganense (E.F. Sm.) H.L. Jensen. Archiv fur Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz 23, 211–216.
------- Experimental. Causing wilted leaflets. Not confirmed in other publications. Pending confirmation, all monocotyledonous host plants reported by Stamova & Satirova (1987) are considered doubtful.
Colletotrichum gossypii (GLOMGO) Experimental
 Listed as host by mendes et al (2019), citing CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE SEMENTES 7:141, 1989 but the original reference could not be consulted.

* Mendes MAS,  Dianese JC,  Urben A (2019) Fungos em Plants no Brasil. 2ª Edição ampliada e revisada.  – Brasília, DF: Escola Nacional de Gestão Agropecuária, 970 pages. 
Hirschmanniella oryzae (HIRSOR) Experimental
* Babatola JO (1979) Varietal reaction of rice and other food crops to the rice-root nematodes, Hirschmanniella oryzae, H. imamuri and H. spinicaudata. Nematropica 9, 123-128.
------- Experiments.

* Korayem AM, Youssef MMA, Mohamed MMM, Elkelany US, Hammam MMA (2019) Plant parasitic nematodes associated with wheat in Northern and Middle Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Agronematology 18, 48-59.
------- It is not specified whether the nematode was found in the roots or in the soil.

* Prasad JS, Panwar MS, Rao YS (1987) Nematode problems of rice in India. International Journal of Pest Management 33, 127-136.
------- 'Collected from', but it is not specified whether the nematode was found in the roots or in the soil.

* Sharma SB (2001) Plant parasitic nematodes in rice-wheat based cropping systems in South Asia. Journal of Crop Production 4, 227-247. 
------- It is not specified whether the nematode was found in the roots or in the soil.
Spongospora subterranea (SPONSU) Experimental
* Simango K, Slabbert CP, van der Waals JE (2020) Alternative hosts of Spongospora subterranea f. sp. subterranea in southern Africa. Eur J Plant Pathol 157(6), 421–424. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-020-01993-z
Trichoderma afroharzianum (TRCDAF) Experimental
* Pfordt A, Gaumann P, von Tiedemann A (2023) Pathogenicity of Trichoderma afroharzianum in Cereal Crops. Pathogens 12(7), 936. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens12070936
------ host in inoculation studies in a greenhouse. 
Agromyza oryzae (AGMYOR) Host
Atherigona oryzae (ATHEOZ) Host
Atherigona oryzae (as Triticum) (ATHEOZ) Host
Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV00) Host
* Li H, Guo J, Yuan BW, Ye ZX, Li XQ, Zhao ZH, Chen JP, Yang J (2023) First report of Barley Stripe Mosaic Virus occurrence in wheat in Tibet, China. Plant Disease 107(6), 1954. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-07-22-1680-PDN
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Host
* Jović J, Cvrković T, Mitrović M, Krnjajić S, Petrović A, Redinbaugh MG,  Pratt RC, Hogenhout SA, Toševski I (2009) Stolbur phytoplasma transmission to maize by Reptalus panzeriand the disease cycle of maize redness in Serbia. Phytopathology 99(9), 1053-1061
Cicadulina mbila (as Triticum) (CICDMB) Host
Claviceps purpurea (as Triticum) (CLAVPU) Host
Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (CORBFL) Host
* Gonçalves RM, Schipanski CA, Koguishi L, Soman JM, Sakate RK, Silva Junior TAF, Maringoni AC (2017) Alternative hosts of Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens, causal agent of bean bacterial wilt. European Journal of Plant Pathology 148, 357–365.
------- When grown in rotation with Fabaceae hosts.

* Harveson RM, Schwartz HF, Urrea CA, Yonts CD (2015) Bacterial wilt of dry-edible beans in the central high plains of the U.S.: past, present, and future. Plant Disease 99, 1665–1677.
------- When grown in rotation with infected dry bean crops. Wheat was also infected by Xanthomonas translucens.
Delia arambourgi (as Triticum) (HYLEAR) Host
Diabrotica barberi (DIABLO) Host
* Branson TF, Ortman EE (1967) Host range of larvae of the northern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 40(3), 412-414.
------- Confirmed host.
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.
------- Larval host.
Ditylenchus dipsaci (DITYDI) Host
* Goodey JB, Franklin MT, Hooper DJ (1965) T. Goodey's: The Nematode Parasites of Plants Catalogued Under Their Hosts. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Farnham Royal, Bucks, England. Third edition, 214 pp.
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (ELASLI) Host
* Cividanes FJ (1989) Study of damage caused by Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller, 1848) to wheat under grass mulch. Semina (Londrina) 10(1), 12-16.

* Gill HK, Capinera JL, McSorley R (2017) Featured Creatures. Lesser cornstalk borer. Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Insecta: lepidoptera: Pyralidae). University of Florida (US). http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/field/lesser_cornstalk_borer.htm

* Sandhu HS (2010) Biology and cultural control of lesser cornstalk borer on sugarcane. PhD thesis. University of Florida. https://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/UF/E0/04/14/72/00001/sandhu_h.pdf
Emaravirus tritici (WHPV00) Host
* Jensen SG, Lane LC, Seifers DL (1996) A new disease of maize and wheat in the High Plains. Plant Disease 80, 1387–1390.

* Seifers DL, Harvey TL, Martin TJ, Jensen SG (1998) A partial host range of the High Plains virus of corn and wheat. Plant Disease 82, 875–879.

* Tatineni S, Hein GL (2021) High Plains wheat mosaic virus: An enigmatic disease of wheat and corn causing the High Plains disease. Molecular Plant Pathology, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/mpp.13113
Epilachna similis similis (as Triticum) (EPILSI) Host
Erwinia rhapontici (ERWIRH) Host
* Huang HC, Hsieh TF, Erickson RS (2003) Biology and epidemiology of Erwinia rhapontici, causal agent of pink seed and crown rot of plants. Plant Pathology Bulletin 12, 69-76.
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Host
* Cunningham JP, Zalucki MP (2014) Understanding heliothine (Lepidoptera: Heliothinae) pests: what is a host plant? Journal of Economic Entomology 107, 881–896.
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Host
* Matthews M (1991) Classification of the Heliothinae. Bulletin of the Natural Resources Institute No. 44. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK.
Heterodera zeae (HETDZE) Host
* Asghari R, Pourjam E, Heydari R, Tanha Maafi Z, Latifi AM (2013) First report of corn cyst nematode, Heterodera zeae in Afghanistan. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 8, 93-96.
Laodelphax striatellus (CALGMA) Host
Lepyronia quadrangularis (LEPOQU) Host
* Doering KC (1942) Host plant records of Cercopidae in North America, North of Mexico (Homoptera) (continued). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 15(3), 73-92.
------- Nymphs found feeding on this plant.
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Host
* He CX, Wu WW, Wang SF, Wang LZ (2001) Host plants and feeding preferences of Liriomyza huidobrensis. Acta Entomologica Sinica 44, 384-388.
Maize streak virus (as Triticum) (MSV000) Host
Mal de Rio Cuarto virus (MRCV00) Host
* Laguna IG, de Remes Lenicov AMM, Virla EG, Avila AO, Giménez Pecci MP, Herrera P, Garay J, Ploper D, Mariani R (2002) [Diffusion of Mal de Rio Cuarto virus (MRCV) of maize, its vector, associated planthoppers and alternative hosts in Argentina]. Revista de la Sociedad Entomologica Argentina 61(1-2), 87-97 (in Spanish).

* Rodriguez Pardina PE, Giménez Pecci MP, Laguna IG, Truol G (1998) Wheat: a new natural host for the Mal de Río Cuarto virus in the endemic disease area, Río Cuarto, Córdoba Province, Argentina. Plant Disease, 82(2), 149-152.
Melanotus communis (MELNCO) Host
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* O’Bannon JH, Santo GS, Nyczepir AP (1982) Host range of the Columbia root-knot nematode. Plant Disease 66, 1045-1048.
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (as Triticum) (MELGCH) Host
* Santo GS, O'Bannon JH, Finley AM, Golden AM (1980) Occurrence and host range of a new root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne chitwoodi) in the Pacific northwest. Plant Disease 64, 951-952.
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Host
* Brinkman H, Goossens JJM & van Riel HR (1996) Comparative host suitability of selected crop plants to Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax. Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Planzenschutz, Umweltschutz 69, 127-129.
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Host
* Padgham JL, Abawi GS, Duxbury JM, Mazid MA (2004) Impact of wheat on Meloidogyne graminicola populations in the rice-wheat system of Bangladesh. Nematropica 183-190.
------- in bioassay,  all wheat varieties grown in Bangladesh were excellent hosts to M. graminicola.

* Rusinque L, Maleita C, Abrantes I, Palomares-Rius JE, Inácio ML (2021) Meloidogyne graminicola - A threat to rice production: review update on distribution, biology, identification, and management. Biology 10, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111163

* Soares MR, Carneiro RM, Dias-Arieira C (2022) Response of different crops and weeds to three biotypes of Meloidogyne graminicola: crop rotation and succession strategies for irrigated rice fields. Nematology 24(5), 589-597.
------- in experiment in Brazil, wheat is recorded as 'poor host' or 'non-host'.
Meloidogyne luci (MELGLC) Host
* Sen F, Aydinli (2021) Host status of cultivated crops to Meloidogyne luci. European Journal of Plant Pathology 161(3), 607-618.
------- In experiments, cv. 1252 was found to be a good host.
Mythimna separata (PSEDSE) Host
Naupactus xanthographus (NAUPXA) Host
* Caballero VC (1972) Algunos aspectos de la biología y control de Naupactus xanthographus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) en durazneros en Chile. Rev Peru Entomol. 15(1):190–194
------- adult feeding only.
Porphyrophora tritici (PORPTR) Host
* Abdul-Rassoul MS, Aziz FI (2001) New record of ground pearls, Porphyrophora tritici (Bod.) (Homoptera, Margarodidae) as a pest of wheat in Iraq. Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum 9(3), 85-87.

* Moghaddam M (2013) An annotated checklist of the scale insects of Iran (Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Coccoidea) with new records and distribution data. ZooKeys 334, 1-92.
Puccinia graminis (as Triticum) (PUCCGR) Host
Pyricularia oryzae (as Triticum) (PYRIOR) Host
Reptalus panzeri (REPTPA) Host
Sclerophthora macrospora (as Triticum) (SCPHMA) Host
Sesamia calamistis (SESACA) Host
Sesamia cretica (SESACR) Host
Sitodiplosis mosellana (as Triticum) (SITDMO) Host
Soil-borne wheat mosaic virus (as Triticum) (SBWMV0) Host
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Host
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Spodoptera ornithogalli (PRODOR) Host
* Brito R, Specht A, Gonçalves GL, Moreira GRP, Carneiro E, Santos FL, Roque-Specht VF, Mielke OHH, Casagrande MM (2019) Spodoptera marima: a new synonym of Spodoptera ornithogalli (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), with notes on adult morphology, host plant use and genetic variation along its geographic range. Neotropical Entomology 48(3), 433-448.

* Capinera JL (2017) Yellowstriped Armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenée) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida /IFAS Extension, EENY216, 4p. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN37300.pdf

* Comstock JA (1965) Ciclo biologico de Prodenia ornithogalli Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoologia 36, 199-202.

* Crumb SE (1929) Tobacco cutworms. USDA Technical Bulletin 88, p 179.

* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts
Tapajosa rubromarginata (TAPARU) Host
* Remes Lenicov AMM, Virla E, Manca M (1998) Difusión de Tapajosa rubromarginata (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) sobre cultivos cerealeros de la Argentina. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 57(1-4), 18.
Tenuivirus eurotritici (as Triticum) (EWSMV0) Host
Tenuivirus zeae (as Triticum) (MSPV00) Host
Tilletia caries (as Triticum) (TILLCA) Host
Tilletia controversa (as Triticum) (TILLCO) Host
Urocystis agropyri (as Triticum) (UROCAG) Host
Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (XANTTR) Host
* Curland RD, Gao L, Bull CT, Vinatzer BA, Dill-Macky R, Van Eck L, Ishimaru CA (2018) Genetic diversity and virulence of wheat and barley strains of Xanthomonas translucens from the Upper Midwestern United States. Phytopathology 108(4), 443-453.
Anguina tritici (ANGUTR) Major host
Chinese wheat mosaic virus (WCHMV0) Major host
* Guo LM, Jing HE, Jing LI, Chen JP, Zhang HM (2019) Chinese wheat mosaic virus: a long-term threat to wheat in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. 18(4), 821-829.
Contarinia tritici (CONTTR) Major host
Cytorhabdovirus hordei (BYSMV0) Major host
Delia coarctata (HYLECO) Major host
Diabrotica speciosa (DIABSC) Major host
Diuraphis noxia (BRAYNO) Major host
Eurygaster integriceps (EURYIN) Major host
Haplothrips tritici (HAPLTR) Major host
Heterodera latipons (HETDLA) Major host
Limonius californicus (LIMOCF) Major host
* Rashed A, Rogers CW, Rashidi M, Marshall JM (2017) Sugar beet wireworm Limonius californicus damage to wheat and barley: evaluations of plant damage with respect to soil media, seeding depth, and diatomaceous earth application. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 11(2), 147-154.
Listronotus bonariensis (HYROBO) Major host
* Morrison L (1938) Surveys of the insect pests of wheat crops in Canterbury and North Otago during the summers of 1936-37 and 1937-38. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology, Section A 20, 142-155.
-------Severe damage in crops following infested pasture.

* Morrone JJ (2011) Annotated checklist of the tribe Listroderini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Cyclominae). Zootaxa 3119, 1-68.
Luteovirus mavhordei (BYDVM0) Major host
Luteovirus pavhordei (BYDVP0) Major host
Mayetiola destructor (MAYEDE) Major host
Meloidogyne naasi (MELGNA) Major host
Nysius huttoni (NYSIHU) Major host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Triticum) (HEMELE) Major host
* Belton EM (1988) Lepidoptera on fruit crops in Canada, Simon Fraser University, Dept. of Biological Sciences, Pest Management Program, Burnaby, BC. 105 pp
Oulema melanopus (LEMAME) Major host
Pyricularia oryzae (PYRIOR) Major host
* Goulart A, Paiva F, Mesquita N (1992) Perdasentrigo (Triticum aestivum) causadas por Pyricularia oryzae. Fitopatol Bras. 17:115–7.

* Islam MT, Croll D, Gladieux P et al. (2016) Emergence of wheat blast in Bangladesh was caused by a South American lineage of Magnaporthe oryzae . BMC Biol 14, 84. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12915-016-0309-7
Rathayibacter rathayi (CORBRA) Major host
Tenuivirus eurotritici (EWSMV0) Major host
Tilletia controversa (TILLCO) Major host
Tilletia indica (NEOVIN) Major host
* Kumar S, Singroha G, Singh GP, Sharma P (2021) Karnal bunt of wheat: etiology, breeding and integrated management. Crop Protection 139, 105376.
Trichodorus viruliferus (TRIHVI) Major host
Trogoderma granarium (TROGGA) Major host
Wheat yellowing stripe agent (WYS000) Major host
Wheat yellow leaf virus (WYLV00) Major host
Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa (XANTTU) Major host
* Bragard C, Verdier V, Maraite H (1995) Genetic diversity among Xanthomonas campestris strains pathogenic for small grains. Applied and environmental microbiology 61(3), 1020-1026. 

* Clavijo F, Curland RD, Croce V, Lapaz MI, Dill-Macky R, Pereyra S, Siri MI (2022) Genetic and phenotypic characterization of Xanthomonas species pathogenic in wheat in Uruguay. Phytopathology 112(3), 511-520.

* Ledman KE, Curland RD, Ishimaru CA, Dill-Macky R (2021) Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa identified on common weedy grasses in naturally infected wheat fields in Minnesota. Phytopathology 111(7), 1114-1121. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-08-20-0337-R