EPPO Global Database

Solanum nigrum(SOLNI)

Pests

Organism Type
Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV00) Doubtful host
Andean potato latent virus (as Solanaceae) (APLV00) Experimental
Andean potato mottle virus (as Solanaceae) (APMOV0) Experimental
Andean potato mottle virus (as Solanum) (APMOV0) Experimental
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Solanaceae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Solanaceae) (PRMV00) Experimental
Potato black ringspot virus (as Solanaceae) (PBRSV0) Experimental
Potato spindle tuber viroid (as Solanum) (PSTVD0) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- At least 51 species, absence of symptoms (except for Solanum depilatum and S. lycopersicum)
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Solanaceae) (TSVP00) Experimental
Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (TOBRFV) Experimental
* Luria N, Smith E, Reingold V, Bekelman I, Lapidot M, Levin I, et al. (2017) A New Israeli Tobamovirus Isolate Infects Tomato Plants Harboring Tm-22 Resistance Genes. PLoS ONE 12(1): e0170429. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170429
Tomato mottle mosaic virus (TOMMV0) Experimental
* Sui X, Zheng Y, Li R, Padmanabhan C, Tian T, Groth-Helms D, Keinath AP, Fei Z, Wu Z, Lin KS (2017) Molecular and biological characterization of Tomato mottle mosaic virus and development of RT-PCR detection. Plant Disease 101(5), 704-711.
Xanthomonas citri pv. viticola (XANTCV) Experimental
* Kamble AK, Sawan SD, Sawant IS, Ghule SB, Patii AC, Saha S (2019) Characterization of Xanthomonas campestris pv. viticola causing bacterial leaf spot of grapes in Maharashtra, India. Journal of Environmental Biology 40(6), 1145-1150.
Aculops lycopersici (as Solanaceae) (VASALY) Host
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Host
* Boopathi T (2022) New host plants, natural enemy complex and newly distributed potential areas of exotic spiralling whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India. Phytoparasitica 50(2), 335-357.
Aleurothrixus trachoides (ALTRTR) Host
* Sundararaj R, Krishnan S, Sumalatha BV (2021) Invasion and expansion of exotic whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India and their economic importance. Phytoparasitica 49(5), 851-863.
Andean potato latent virus (as Solanum) (APLV00) Host
Anthonomus eugenii (as Solanum) (ANTHEU) Host
* Elmore JC, Davis AC, Campbell RE (1934) The pepper weevil. USDA Techical Bulletin No. 447.

* Patrock RJ, Schuster DJ (1992) Feeding, oviposition and development of the pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) on selected species of Solanaceae. Tropical Pest Management 38, 65-69.
Aonidomytilus albus (as Solanum) (AONMAL) Host
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Solanum) (AVBO00) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Mwatawala MW, De Meyer M, Makundi RH, Maerere AP (2009) Host range and distribution of fruit-infesting pestiferous fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) in selected areas of Central Tanzania. Bulletin of Entomological Research 99(6), 629-641.

* Rasolofoarivao H, Raveloson Ravaomanarivo LH, Delatte H (2021) Host plant ranges of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Madagascar. Bulletin of Entomological Research 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1017/ S0007485321000511
Bemisia tabaci (as Solanaceae) (BEMITA) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma americanum' (as Solanum) (PHYPAE) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii' (as Solanum) (PHYPTR) Host
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* De Meyer M., Copeland RS, Lux SA, Mansell M, Quilici S, Wharton R, White IM, Zenz NJ (2002) Annotated check list of host plants for Afrotropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the genus Ceratitis. Zoologische Documentatie Koninklijk Museum voor Midden Afrika 27, 1-91.
Diabrotica virgifera zeae (as Solanum) (DIABVZ) Host
* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae, Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 615 pp.
------- Adult host.
Dulcamara mottle virus (as Solanum) (DUMV00) Host
Epilachna vigintioctomaculata (as Solanaceae) (EPILVI) Host
Leucinodes ugandensis (as Solanum) (LEUIUG) Host
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* Kutywayo V, Been TH (2006) Host status of six major weeds to Meloidogyne chitwoodi and Pratylenchus penetrans, including a preliminary field survey concerning other weeds. Nematology 8, 647-657.
Nacobbus aberrans (as Solanum) (NACOBA) Host
Neoceratitis cyanescens (CERTCY) Host
* Rasolofoarivao H, Raveloson Ravaomanarivo LH, Delatte H (2021) Host plant ranges of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Madagascar. Bulletin of Entomological Research 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1017/ S0007485321000511
Pepper chat fruit viroid (as Solanaceae) (PCFVD0) Host
Phenacoccus peruvianus (as Solanum) (PHENPR) Host
Phthorimaea operculella (as Solanaceae) (PHTOOP) Host
Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (PHMPOM) Host
* Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Agriculture Handbook no 165, USDA-ARS (US) 531 pp.
Potato black ringspot virus (as Solanum) (PBRSV0) Host
Potato deforming mosaic virus (Argentina) (as Solanum) (PDMV00) Host
Potato leaflet stunt agent (as Solanum) (POLS00) Host
Potato marginal flavescence agent (as Solanum) (POMF00) Host
Potato mop-top virus (as Solanum) (PMTV00) Host
Potato purple-top roll agent (as Solanum) (POPTR0) Host
Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVD0) Host
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
Potato virus Y tobacco veinal necrosis strain (as Solanum) (PVYN00) Host
Potato yellow vein virus (as Solanum) (PYVV00) Host
Premnotrypes latithorax (as Solanum) (PREMLA) Host
Premnotrypes sanfordi (as Solanum) (PREMSA) Host
Premnotrypes solani (as Solanum) (PREMSO) Host
Premnotrypes suturicallus (as Solanum) (PREMSU) Host
Premnotrypes vorax (as Solanum) (PREMVO) Host
Septoria malagutii (as Solanum) (SEPTLM) Host
Synchytrium endobioticum (as Solanum) (SYNCEN) Host
Tobacco rattle virus (as Solanum) (TRV000) Host
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Host
* Rush MC, Gooding GV (1970) The occurrence of Tobacco ringspot virus strains and Tomato ringspot virus in hosts indigenous to North Carolina. Phytopathology 60, 1756-1760.
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Solanum) (TSVP00) Host
Tomato black ring virus (as Solanum) (TBRV00) Host
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Host
* Parrella G, Gognalons P, Gebre-Selassie K, Vovlas C, Marchoux G (2003) An update of the host range of tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of Plant Pathology 85(4), 227-264.
------- Confirmed host.
Bactrocera latifrons (as Solanaceae) (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- confirmed host
Acanalonia conica (ACNLCO) Wild/Weed
* D’Urso V , Uliana M (2006) Acanalonia conica (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Acanaloniidae), a nearctic species recently introduced in Europe. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 53(1), 103–107.
Aculops lycopersici (VASALY) Wild/Weed
Alphanucleorhabdovirus melongenae (EMDV00) Wild/Weed
Alphanucleorhabdovirus tuberosum (as Solanaceae) (PYDV00) Wild/Weed
Alphanucleorhabdovirus tuberosum (as Solanum) (PYDV00) Wild/Weed
Anthonomus eugenii (ANTHEU) Wild/Weed
* Capinera JL (2017) Pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano and Cuban pepper weevil Faustinus cubae (Boheman) ( Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae). https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in555

* Elmore JC, Davis AC, Campbell RE (1934) The pepper weevil. USDA Techical Bulletin No. 447.
Bactrocera latifrons (DACULA) Wild/Weed
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI). 

* Mziray HA, Makundi RH, Mwatawala M, Maerere A, De Meyer M (2010) Host use of Bactrocera latifrons, a new invasive tephritid species in Tanzania. J Econ Entomol. 103(1), 70-76.
------- Confirmed host. 
Bemisia tabaci (BEMITA) Wild/Weed
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Wild/Weed
* Quaglino F, Passera A, Faccincani M, Moussa A, Pozzebon A, Sanna F, Casati P, Bianco PA, Mori N (2021) Molecular and spatial analyses reveal new insights on Bois noir epidemiology in Franciacorta vineyards. Annals of Applied Biology (early view). https://doi.org/10.1111/aab.12713
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CSYV00) Wild/Weed
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (CORBMI) Wild/Weed
* Bradbury JF (1986) Guide to plant pathogenic bacteria. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, 332 pp.
------- Natural host.

* Thyr BD, Samuel MJ, Brown PG (1975) New solanaceous host records for Corynebacterium michiganensis. Plant Disease Reporter 59, 595-598.
------- In experiments, causing cotyledonary spots. Susceptible to vascular infections.
Epitrix cucumeris (EPIXCU) Wild/Weed
* Deczynski AM (2016) Morphological systematic of the nightshade flea beetles Epitrix Foudras and Acallepitrix Bechyné (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini) in America north of Mexico, PhD thesis, Clemson University (USA).
Epitrix papa (EPIXPP) Wild/Weed
*  Boavida C, Germain JF (2009) Identification and pest status of two exotic flea beetle species newly introduced in Portugal: Epitrix similaris Gentner and Epitrix cucumeris (Harris). Bulletin OEPP/ EPPO Bulletin 39, 501–508.
------ Adult feeding.

* Boavida C, Giltrap N, Cuthbertson A, Northing P (2013) Epitrix similaris and Epitrix cucumeris in Portugal: damage patterns in potato and suitability of potential host plants for reproduction. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 43, 323–333.
------ Adult and larval feeding in laboratory experiments.

* Oliveira R, Chatot C, Dedryver CA (2008) [A new flea beetle detected in Europe]. Potato Planet 11, 30–34 (in French).
------- Adult feeding.
Epitrix similaris (EPIXSI) Wild/Weed
Epitrix subcrinita (EPIXSU) Wild/Weed
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- Feeding of adults.
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Wild/Weed
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults

* Gentner  LG (1944) The black flea beetles of the genus Epitrix identified as cucumeris. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 46, 137-149.
------- confirmed host

* Hoerner JL & Gillette CP (1928) The potato flea beetle. Colorado Experiment Station. Entomology Section. Bulletin 337. 
------- feeding of adults
Heterodera glycines (as Solanaceae) (HETDGL) Wild/Weed
Keiferia lycopersicella (GNORLY) Wild/Weed
* Elmore JC, Howland AF (1943) Life history and control of the tomato pinworm. USDA Technical Bulletin no. 841, 30 pp.
Leucinodes orbonalis (LEUIOR) Wild/Weed
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Wild/Weed
* Stegmaier CE (1966) Host plants and parasites of Liriomyza munda in Florida (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Florida Entomologist 49(2), 81-86.
------- Confirmed host. Rearing record
Meloidogyne ethiopica (MELGET) Wild/Weed
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Wild/Weed
* Shah FA, Falloon RE & Bulman SR (2010) Nightshade weeds (Solanum spp.) conformed as hosts of the potato pathogens Meloidogyne fallax and Spongospora subterranea f. sp. subterranean. Australasian Plant Pathology 39, 492-498.
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Wild/Weed
* Rusinque L, Maleita C, Abrantes I, Palomares-Rius JE, Inácio ML (2021) Meloidogyne graminicola - A threat to rice production: review update on distribution, biology, identification, and management. Biology 10, 1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111163
Pepino mosaic virus (PEPMV0) Wild/Weed
* Papayiannis LC, Kokkinos CD, Alfaro-Fernandez A (2011) Detection, characterization and host range studies of Pepino mosaic virus in Cyprus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 132, 1-7.
Potato yellowing virus (as Solanum) (PYV000) Wild/Weed
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Wild/Weed
* Diaz-Silva F (2011) [Agroecological aspects for the integrated management of Prodiplosis longifila Gagné in the irrigation of Chavimochic]. Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Trujillo, Trujillo, PERU (in Spanish).

* Valarezo O, Cañarte E, Navarrete B, Arias M (2003) [Prodiplosis longifila (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) main tomato pest in Ecuador.] Manual 51, INIAP, Ecuador. (in Spanish)
Puccinia pittieriana (PUCCPT) Wild/Weed
* Buriticá CP, Pardo-Cardona VM (1996) Flora Uredineana colombiana. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias 20(77), 183-236.

* Buriticá CP, Yepes MS, Pardo-Cardona VM (2014) Pucciniales (Fungi), royas de Colombia. Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía, Medellín, 67 (Suplemento 1), S 1-93.

* Otálora MAG & Berndt R (2020) Overview of Puccinia (Uredinales) species on Solanaceae. Nova Hedwigia 110, 307–346.
Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum (RALSPS) Wild/Weed
* Yahiaoui N, Chéron J-J, Ravelomanantsoa S, Hamza AA., Petrousse B, Jeetah R, Jaufeerally-Fakim Y, Félicité J, Fillâtre J, Hostachy B, Guérin F, Cellier G, Prior P, Poussier S (2017) Genetic Diversity of the Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex in the Southwest Indian Ocean Islands. Frontiers in Plant Science 8, 2139
Ralstonia solanacearum (RALSSL) Wild/Weed
* Thano P, Akarapisan A (2018) Phylotype and sequevar of Ralstonia solanacearum which causes bacterial wilt in Curcuma alismatifolia Gagnep. Letters in Applied Microbiolology 66: 384-393. https://doi.org/10.1111/lam.12857
Safni et al. (2018)
Cruz L, Eloy M, Quirino F, Oliveira H, Tenreiro R (2012) Molecular epidemiology of Ralstonia solanacearum strains from plants and environmental sources in Portugal. European Journal of Plant Pathology 133, 687–706 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-012-9947-y
Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RALSSO) Wild/Weed
* Cruz L, Eloy M, Quirino F, Oliveira H, Tenreiro R (2012) Molecular epidemiology of Ralstonia solanacearum strains from plants and environmental sources in Portugal. European Journal of Plant Pathology 133, 687–706.


* Safni I, Subandiyah S, Fegan M (2018) Ecology, Epidemiology and Disease Management of Ralstonia syzygii in Indonesia. Frontiers in Microbiology 9, 419
------- confirmed host of Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis.

* Thano P, Akarapisan A (2018) Phylotype and sequevar of Ralstonia solanacearum which causes bacterial wilt in Curcuma alismatifolia Gagnep. Letters in Applied Microbiolology 66: 384-393. https://doi.org/10.1111/lam.12857

* Yahiaoui N, Chéron J-J, Ravelomanantsoa S, Hamza AA., Petrousse B, Jeetah R, Jaufeerally-Fakim Y, Félicité J, Fillâtre J, Hostachy B, Guérin F, Cellier G, Prior P, Poussier S (2017) Genetic Diversity of the Ralstonia solanacearum Species Complex in the Southwest Indian Ocean Islands. Frontiers in Plant Science 8, 2139
Ralstonia syzygii (RALSSY) Wild/Weed
* Safni I, Subandiyah S, Fegan M (2018) Ecology, Epidemiology and Disease Management of Ralstonia syzygii in Indonesia. Frontiers in Microbiology 9, 419
------- confirmed host of Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis.
Ralstonia syzygii subsp. indonesiensis (RALSSI) Wild/Weed
* Safni I, Subandiyah S, Fegan M (2018) Ecology, Epidemiology and Disease Management of Ralstonia syzygii in Indonesia. Frontiers in Microbiology 9, 419
Spodoptera praefica (as Solanum) (PRODPR) Wild/Weed
* British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture. Western yellowstriped armyworm (Spodoptera praefica). https://rdno.civicweb.net/document/127358/western-yellowstriped-armyworm.pdf?handle=3CD053B4F8D54F9CBB93F8D6D5572C27
Stagonosporopsis andigena (as Solanaceae) (PHOMAN) Wild/Weed
Stagonosporopsis andigena (as Solanum) (PHOMAN) Wild/Weed
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Wild/Weed
* Ben-David T, Ueckermann E and Gerson U (2013) An annotated list of the spider mites (Acari: Prostigmata: Tetranychidae) of Israel. Israel Journal of Entomology, 43, 125–148.

* Boubou A, Migeon A, Roderick GK, Navajas M (2011) Recent emergence and worldwide spread of the red tomato spider mite, Tetranychus evansi: genetic variation and multiple cryptic invasions. Biological Invasions 13(1), 81-92.


* El-Jaouani N (1988) Contribution à la connaissance des acariens phytophages au Maroc et étude bio-écologique de Tetranychus evansi Baker et Pritchard (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Rabat, Maroc, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II: 60.

* Guanilo AD, de Moraes G, Toledo S, Knapp M (2010) New records of Tetranychus evansi and associated natural enemies in northern Argentina. Systematic & Applied Acarology 15, 3-20.

* Ikeshima K, Sakamaki Y, Miyagi A, Ohno S, Fukuda T, Tsuda K (2009) Occurrence of the spider mite Tetranychus takafujii Ehara & Ohashi in Kyushu and Okinawa. Kyushu Plant Protection Research, 55: 136-140.
Thecaphora solani (as Solanum) (THPHSO) Wild/Weed
Thrips parvispinus (THRIPV) Wild/Weed
* Sartiami D, Mound LA (2013) Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys 306, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.306.5455
------- Collected from this plant in Java (Indonesia).
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Wild/Weed
* Shakeel MT, Al‐Saleh MA, Amer MA, Al‐Shahwan IM, Umar M, Dimou N, Orfanidou CG, Zakri AM, Katis NI (2017) Molecular characterization and natural host range of Tomato chlorosis virus in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Plant Pathology 99, 415–421. http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/jpp.v99i2.3860
------- confirmed host
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Wild/Weed
* Ansar M, Agnihotri AK, Ranjan T, Karn M,  Srinivasaraghavan A, Kumar RR, Bhagat AP (2021) Nightshade (Solanum nigrum), an intermediate host between tomato and cucurbits of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 60(3), 409-419. https://doi.org/10.36253/phyto-12745

* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.
------- Low incidence.

* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Tomato mild mottle virus (TOMMOV) Wild/Weed
* Walkey DGA (1992) Two possible new potyviruses from the Yemen. Abstract of a paper presented at the 7th Conference ISHS Vegetable Virus Working Group (Athens, GR, 1992-07-12/16), 27-28.

* Walkey DGA, Spence NJ, Clay CM, Miller A (1994) A potyvirus isolated from solanaceous hosts. Plant Pathology 43(5), 931-937.
Tomato torrado virus (TOTV00) Wild/Weed
Tuta absoluta (GNORAB) Wild/Weed
* Arnó J, Gabarra R, Molina P, Godfrey KE, Zalom FG (2019) Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) success on common solanaceous species from California tomato poduction areas. Environmental Entomology, 48(6), 1394–1400, https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvz109
------- Confirmed host in experiments.

* Idriss GEA, du Plessis H, Khamis FM, Ekesi S, Tanga CM, Mohamed SA (2020) Host range and effects of plant speices on preference and fitness of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 113(3), 1279-1289.
------- Confirmed host.
Xanthomonas vesicatoria (as Solanum) (XANTVE) Wild/Weed
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Wild/Weed
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672