EPPO Global Database

Solanum nigrum(SOLNI)

Pests

Organism Type
Andean potato latent virus (as Solanaceae) (APLV00) Experimental
Andean potato mottle virus (as Solanaceae) (APMOV0) Experimental
Andean potato mottle virus (as Solanum) (APMOV0) Experimental
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Solanaceae) (AVBO00) Experimental
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Solanaceae) (PRMV00) Experimental
Potato black ringspot virus (as Solanaceae) (PBRSV0) Experimental
Potato spindle tuber viroid (as Solanum) (PSTVD0) Experimental
* Singh RP (1973) Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber 'virus'. American Potato Journal 50, 111-123.
------- At least 51 species, absence of symptoms (except for Solanum depilatum and S. lycopersicum)
Potato virus T (as Solanaceae) (PVT000) Experimental
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Solanaceae) (TSVP00) Experimental
Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (TOBRFV) Experimental
* Luria N, Smith E, Reingold V, Bekelman I, Lapidot M, Levin I, et al. (2017) A New Israeli Tobamovirus Isolate Infects Tomato Plants Harboring Tm-22 Resistance Genes. PLoS ONE 12(1): e0170429. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170429
Tomato mottle mosaic virus (TOMMV0) Experimental
* Sui X, Zheng Y, Li R, Padmanabhan C, Tian T, Groth-Helms D, Keinath AP, Fei Z, Wu Z, Lin KS (2017) Molecular and biological characterization of Tomato mottle mosaic virus and development of RT-PCR detection. Plant Disease 101(5), 704-711.
Aculops lycopersici (as Solanaceae) (VASALY) Host
Aleurothrixus trachoides (ALTRTR) Host
Andean potato latent virus (as Solanum) (APLV00) Host
Anthonomus eugenii (as Solanum) (ANTHEU) Host
* Elmore JC, Davis AC, Campbell RE (1934) The pepper weevil. USDA Techical Bulletin No. 447.

* Patrock RJ, Schuster DJ (1992) Feeding, oviposition and development of the pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) on selected species of Solanaceae. Tropical Pest Management 38, 65-69.
Aonidomytilus albus (as Solanum) (AONMAL) Host
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Solanum) (AVBO00) Host
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Host
* Mwatawala MW, De Meyer M, Makundi RH, Maerere AP (2009) Host range and distribution of fruit-infesting pestiferous fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) in selected areas of Central Tanzania. Bulletin of Entomological Research 99(6), 629-641.
Bemisia tabaci (as Solanaceae) (BEMITA) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma americanum' (as Solanum) (PHYPAE) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (as Solanaceae) (PHYPSO) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (as Solanum) (PHYPSO) Host
'Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii' (as Solanum) (PHYPTR) Host
Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Host
* De Meyer M., Copeland RS, Lux SA, Mansell M, Quilici S, Wharton R, White IM, Zenz NJ (2002) Annotated check list of host plants for Afrotropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the genus Ceratitis. Zoologische Documentatie Koninklijk Museum voor Midden Afrika 27, 1-91.
Dulcamara mottle virus (as Solanum) (DUMV00) Host
Epilachna vigintioctomaculata (as Solanaceae) (EPILVI) Host
Helicoverpa zea (as Solanaceae) (HELIZE) Host
Leucinodes ugandensis (as Solanum) (LEUIUG) Host
Liriomyza sativae (as Solanaceae) (LIRISA) Host
Meloidogyne chitwoodi (MELGCH) Host
* Kutywayo V, Been TH (2006) Host status of six major weeds to Meloidogyne chitwoodi and Pratylenchus penetrans, including a preliminary field survey concerning other weeds. Nematology 8, 647-657.
Nacobbus aberrans (as Solanum) (NACOBA) Host
Pepper chat fruit viroid (as Solanaceae) (PCFVD0) Host
Phenacoccus peruvianus (as Solanum) (PHENPR) Host
Phthorimaea operculella (as Solanaceae) (PHTOOP) Host
Potato black ringspot virus (as Solanum) (PBRSV0) Host
Potato deforming mosaic virus (Argentina) (as Solanum) (PDMV00) Host
Potato leaflet stunt agent (as Solanum) (POLS00) Host
Potato marginal flavescence agent (as Solanum) (POMF00) Host
Potato mop-top virus (as Solanum) (PMTV00) Host
Potato purple-top roll agent (as Solanum) (POPTR0) Host
Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVD0) Host
* Mackie AE, Rodon, BC, Barbetti MJ, McKirdy SJ, Jones RAC (2016) Potato spindle tuber viroid: alternative host reservoirs and strain found in a remote subtropical irrigation area. European Journal of Plant Pathology 145, 433-446.
Potato virus Y tobacco veinal necrosis strain (as Solanum) (PVYN00) Host
Potato yellow vein virus (as Solanum) (PYVV00) Host
Premnotrypes latithorax (as Solanum) (PREMLA) Host
Premnotrypes sanfordi (as Solanum) (PREMSA) Host
Premnotrypes solani (as Solanum) (PREMSO) Host
Premnotrypes suturicallus (as Solanum) (PREMSU) Host
Premnotrypes vorax (as Solanum) (PREMVO) Host
Septoria malagutii (as Solanum) (SEPTLM) Host
Synchytrium endobioticum (as Solanum) (SYNCEN) Host
Thrips palmi (as Solanaceae) (THRIPL) Host
Tobacco rattle virus (as Solanum) (TRV000) Host
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Solanum) (TSVP00) Host
Tomato black ring virus (as Solanum) (TBRV00) Host
Tomato spotted wilt virus (as Solanaceae) (TSWV00) Host
Bactrocera latifrons (as Solanaceae) (DACULA) Major host
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- confirmed host
Acanalonia conica (ACNLCO) Wild/Weed
Aculops lycopersici (VASALY) Wild/Weed
Anthonomus eugenii (ANTHEU) Wild/Weed
* Capinera JL (2017) Pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano and Cuban pepper weevil Faustinus cubae (Boheman) ( Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae). https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in555

* Elmore JC, Davis AC, Campbell RE (1934) The pepper weevil. USDA Techical Bulletin No. 447.
Bactrocera latifrons (DACULA) Wild/Weed
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI). 

* Mziray HA, Makundi RH, Mwatawala M, Maerere A, De Meyer M (2010) Host use of Bactrocera latifrons, a new invasive tephritid species in Tanzania. J Econ Entomol. 103(1), 70-76.
------- Confirmed host. 
Bemisia tabaci (BEMITA) Wild/Weed
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Wild/Weed
Citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CSYV00) Wild/Weed
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (CORBMI) Wild/Weed
Eggplant mottled dwarf nucleorhabdovirus (EMDV00) Wild/Weed
Epitrix cucumeris (EPIXCU) Wild/Weed
* Deczynski AM (2016) Morphological systematic of the nightshade flea beetles Epitrix Foudras and Acallepitrix Bechyné (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini) in America north of Mexico, PhD thesis, Clemson University (USA).
Epitrix papa (EPIXPP) Wild/Weed
*  Boavida C, Germain JF (2009) Identification and pest status of two exotic flea beetle species newly introduced in Portugal: Epitrix similaris Gentner and Epitrix cucumeris (Harris). Bulletin OEPP/ EPPO Bulletin 39, 501–508.
------ Adult feeding.

* Boavida C, Giltrap N, Cuthbertson A, Northing P (2013) Epitrix similaris and Epitrix cucumeris in Portugal: damage patterns in potato and suitability of potential host plants for reproduction. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 43, 323–333.
------ Adult and larval feeding in laboratory experiments.

* Oliveira R, Chatot C, Dedryver CA (2008) [A new flea beetle detected in Europe]. Potato Planet 11, 30–34 (in French).
------- Adult feeding.
Epitrix similaris (EPIXSI) Wild/Weed
Epitrix subcrinita (EPIXSU) Wild/Weed
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- Feeding of adults.
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Wild/Weed
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults

* Gentner  LG (1944) The black flea beetles of the genus Epitrix identified as cucumeris. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 46, 137-149.
------- confirmed host

* Hoerner JL & Gillette CP (1928) The potato flea beetle. Colorado Experiment Station. Entomology Section. Bulletin 337. 
------- feeding of adults
Globodera pallida (as Solanum) (HETDPA) Wild/Weed
Globodera rostochiensis (as Solanum) (HETDRO) Wild/Weed
Heterodera glycines (as Solanaceae) (HETDGL) Wild/Weed
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (as Solanaceae) (LPTNDE) Wild/Weed
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (as Solanum) (LPTNDE) Wild/Weed
Leucinodes orbonalis (LEUIOR) Wild/Weed
Meloidogyne ethiopica (MELGET) Wild/Weed
Meloidogyne fallax (MELGFA) Wild/Weed
* Shah FA, Falloon RE & Bulman SR (2010) Nightshade weeds (Solanum spp.) conformed as hosts of the potato pathogens Meloidogyne fallax and Spongospora subterranea f. sp. subterranean. Australasian Plant Pathology 39, 492-498.
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Wild/Weed
Pepino mosaic virus (PEPMV0) Wild/Weed
* Papayiannis LC, Kokkinos CD, Alfaro-Fernandez A (2011) Detection, characterization and host range studies of Pepino mosaic virus in Cyprus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 132, 1-7.
Potato virus T (as Solanum) (PVT000) Wild/Weed
Potato yellow dwarf nucleorhabdovirus (as Solanaceae) (PYDV00) Wild/Weed
Potato yellow dwarf nucleorhabdovirus (as Solanum) (PYDV00) Wild/Weed
Potato yellowing virus (as Solanum) (PYV000) Wild/Weed
Prodiplosis longifila (PRDILO) Wild/Weed
Puccinia pittieriana (as Solanum) (PUCCPT) Wild/Weed
Stagonosporopsis andigena (as Solanaceae) (PHOMAN) Wild/Weed
Stagonosporopsis andigena (as Solanum) (PHOMAN) Wild/Weed
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Wild/Weed
* Ben-David T, Ueckermann E and Gerson U (2013) An annotated list of the spider mites (Acari: Prostigmata: Tetranychidae) of Israel. Israel Journal of Entomology, 43, 125–148.

* Boubou A, Migeon A, Roderick GK, Navajas M (2011) Recent emergence and worldwide spread of the red tomato spider mite, Tetranychus evansi: genetic variation and multiple cryptic invasions. Biological Invasions 13(1), 81-92.


* El-Jaouani N (1988) Contribution à la connaissance des acariens phytophages au Maroc et étude bio-écologique de Tetranychus evansi Baker et Pritchard (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Rabat, Maroc, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II: 60.

* Guanilo AD, de Moraes G, Toledo S, Knapp M (2010) New records of Tetranychus evansi and associated natural enemies in northern Argentina. Systematic & Applied Acarology 15, 3-20.

* Ikeshima K, Sakamaki Y, Miyagi A, Ohno S, Fukuda T, Tsuda K (2009) Occurrence of the spider mite Tetranychus takafujii Ehara & Ohashi in Kyushu and Okinawa. Kyushu Plant Protection Research, 55: 136-140.
Thecaphora solani (as Solanum) (THPHSO) Wild/Weed
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Wild/Weed
* Shakeel MT, Al‐Saleh MA, Amer MA, Al‐Shahwan IM, Umar M, Dimou N, Orfanidou CG, Zakri AM, Katis NI (2017) Molecular characterization and natural host range of Tomato chlorosis virus in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Plant Pathology 99, 415–421. http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/jpp.v99i2.3860
------- confirmed host
Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV00) Wild/Weed
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Wild/Weed
* Rabadan MP, Aranda MA, Gomez P, Juarez M, Tayahi M (2019) El virus de rizado del tomate de Nueva Delhi (ToLCNDV) en cultivos y malas hierbas. Phytoma-Espana no.  306, 18-25.
------- Low incidence.

* Zaidi SSEA, Martin DP, Amin I, Farooq M, and Mansoor S (2017) Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus: a widespread bipartite begomovirus in the territory of monopartite begomoviruses. Molecular Plant Pathology, 18, 901–911. (online supplemental material)
Tomato mild mottle virus (TOMMOV) Wild/Weed
* Walkey DGA (1992) Two possible new potyviruses from the Yemen. Abstract of a paper presented at the 7th Conference ISHS Vegetable Virus Working Group (Athens, GR, 1992-07-12/16), 27-28.

* Walkey DGA, Spence NJ, Clay CM, Miller A (1994) A potyvirus isolated from solanaceous hosts. Plant Pathology 43(5), 931-937.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Wild/Weed
Tomato torrado virus (TOTV00) Wild/Weed
Tuta absoluta (GNORAB) Wild/Weed
* Arnó J, Gabarra R, Molina P, Godfrey KE, Zalom FG (2019) Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) success on common solanaceous species from California tomato poduction areas. Environmental Entomology, 48(6), 1394–1400, https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvz109
------- Confirmed host in experiments.

* Idriss GEA, du Plessis H, Khamis FM, Ekesi S, Tanga CM, Mohamed SA (2020) Host range and effects of plant speices on preference and fitness of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 113(3), 1279-1289.
------- Confirmed host.
Xanthomonas vesicatoria (as Solanum) (XANTVE) Wild/Weed
Zeugodacus cucurbitae (DACUCU) Wild/Weed
* De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M (2015) A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys 540, 539-557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672