EPPO Global Database

Solanum melongena(SOLME)

Pests

Organism Type
Andean potato latent virus (as Solanaceae) (APLV00) Artificial
Andean potato mottle virus (as Solanaceae) (APMOV0) Artificial
Andean potato mottle virus (as Solanum) (APMOV0) Artificial
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Solanaceae) (AVBO00) Artificial
Clavibacter sepedonicus (CORBSE) Artificial
Peach rosette mosaic virus (as Solanaceae) (PRMV00) Artificial
Potato black ringspot virus (as Solanaceae) (PBRSV0) Artificial
Potato spindle tuber viroid (as Solanaceae) (PSTVD0) Artificial
Potato virus T (as Solanaceae) (PVT000) Artificial
Radopholus similis (RADOSI) Artificial
Rhynchophorus palmarum (RHYCPA) Artificial
* Hagley EAC (1965) On the life history and habits of the palm weevil, Rhynchophorus palmarum. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 58(1), 22-28.
------- Adult feeding on ripe aubergines.

* Wattanapongsiri A (1966) A revision of the genera Rhynchophorus and Dynamis. Department of Agricultural Science Bulletin, Bangkok, Thailand.
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Solanaceae) (TSVP00) Artificial
Tomato leaf curl Sinaloa virus (TOLCSI) Artificial
Tomato torrado virus (TOTV00) Artificial
Acidovorax citrulli (PSDMAC) Incidental
* Assouline I, Milshtein H, Mizrahi M, Levy E, Ben-Ze’ev I (1997) Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli transmitted by Solanaceous seeds. Phytoparasitica 25, 117–8.

* Chalupowicz L, Reuven M, Dror O, Sela N, Burdman S, Manulis-Sasson S (2020) Characterization of Acidovorax citrulli strains isolated from solanaceous plants. Plant Pathology (in press) https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13239
------- confirmed host (group II). 
Aculops lycopersici (as Solanaceae) (VASALY) Incidental
'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (LIBEPS) Incidental
* Munyaneza JE, Sengoda VG, Aguilar E, Bextine BR, McCue KF (2013) First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' infecting eggplant in Honduras. Plant Disease 97(12), p 1654.
Colletotrichum acutatum (COLLAC) Incidental
Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV0) Incidental
Phthorimaea operculella (as Solanaceae) (PHTOOP) Incidental
Potato spindle tuber viroid (as Solanum) (PSTVD0) Incidental
Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV00) Incidental
Aleurothrixus trachoides (ALTRTR) Major
Bactrocera latifrons (DACULA) Major
* Allwood AL, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C,  Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Vijaysegaran S (1999) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Asia.  Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 7, 1-92.

* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2016) Provisional list of suitable host plants of Bactrocera (Bactrocera) latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI). 

* Mziray HA, Makundi RH, Mwatawala M, Maerere A, De Meyer M (2010) Host use of Bactrocera latifrons, a new invasive tephritid species in Tanzania. Journal of Econonmic Entomololy 103(1), 70-76.
------- Confirmed host.
Bactrocera latifrons (as Solanaceae) (DACULA) Major
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ (2013) Annotated World Bibliography of Host Fruits of Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insecta Mundi. Paper 792. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/792
------- confirmed host
Eggplant mottled dwarf nucleorhabdovirus (EMDV00) Major
Epilachna vigintioctomaculata (EPILVI) Major
Epitrix similaris (EPIXSI) Major
Helicoverpa zea (HELIZE) Major
Hishimonus phycitis (HISHPH) Major
Leucinodes africensis (LEUIAF) Major
Leucinodes orbonalis (LEUIOR) Major
Leucinodes pseudorbonalis (LEUIPS) Major
Leucinodes rimavallis (LEUIRI) Major
Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Major
* Rammah A, Hirschmann H (1988) Meloidogyne mayaguensis n. sp. (Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode from Puerto Rico. Journal of Nematology 20(1), 58-69.
------- confirmed host.
Neoleucinodes elegantalis (NEOLEL) Major
* Barbosa FS, Menezes E, Arruda LN, Brito D, Carmo MGF, Pereira MB (2010) Preferência de oviposição de brocapequena-do-fruto em oito variedades de tomate rasteiro. Horticultura Brasileira 28, 634-640.

* Díaz AE, González R, Solis MA & Saldamando-Benjumea CI (2015). Evidence of sexual selection in Neoleucinodes elegantalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae): correlation of female moth genitalia and Solanaceae host fruit size. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 108(3), 272-281.
Tetranychus evansi (TETREV) Major
* Ben-David T, Ueckermann E and Gerson U (2013) An annotated list of the spider mites (Acari: Prostigmata: Tetranychidae) of Israel. Israel Journal of Entomology, 43, 125–148.

* Tian L, Jin PY, Sun CP, Hong XY (2019) First distribution record of the tomato red spider mite Tetranychus evansi (Acari: Tetranychidae) in mainland China. Systematic & Applied Acarology 24(6), 965–970.
------- confirmed host
Thaumatotibia leucotreta (ARGPLE) Major
Thrips palmi (THRIPL) Major
Aculops lycopersici (VASALY) Minor
Andean potato latent virus (as Solanum) (APLV00) Minor
Andean potato mottle virus (APMOV0) Minor
Anthonomus eugenii (ANTHEU) Minor
* Capinera JL (2017) Pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano and Cuban pepper weevil Faustinus cubae (Boheman) ( Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae). https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in555
------- Aubergines grown near infested peppers are occasionally infested too.
Aonidomytilus albus (as Solanum) (AONMAL) Minor
Arracacha virus B oca strain (as Solanum) (AVBO00) Minor
Bactericera cockerelli (PARZCO) Minor
Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) Minor
Bemisia tabaci (BEMITA) Minor
Bemisia tabaci (as Solanaceae) (BEMITA) Minor
'Candidatus Phytoplasma americanum' (as Solanum) (PHYPAE) Minor
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (PHYPSO) Minor
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (as Solanaceae) (PHYPSO) Minor
Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (DIABUH) Minor
Epilachna vigintioctomaculata (as Solanaceae) (EPILVI) Minor
Epitrix cucumeris (EPIXCU) Minor
* Boavida C, Giltrap N, Cuthbertson, A & Northing P (2013) Epitrix similaris and Epitrix cucumeris in Portugal: damage patterns in potato and suitability of potential host plants for reproduction. EPPO Bulletin 43, 323–333.
------- Cage experiments with potted plants.

* Caldwell B, Sideman E, Seaman A,  Shelton A, Smart C (2013) Resource guide for organic insect and disease management. 2nd Edition, 202 pp.
------- Common pests of potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplants when the crops are young. 

* Clark SM, LeDoux DG, Seeno TN, Riley EG, Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Megalopodidae, Orsodacnidae and Chrysomelidae, excluding Bruchinae). The Coleopterists Society, Special Publication 2, 1-476.

* Foster RE, Obemeyer JL (2017) Vegetable Insects. Flea Beetles. E-74-W, Purdue University, Extension Entomology, 2 pp. https://extension.entm.purdue.edu/publications/E-74/E-74.html
------- Common and destructive on tomato, aubergine, potato, sweet pepper and tobacco.

* Maletta M, Tietjen W, Ghidiu G, Holmstrom K, Cowgill W (2004) Evaluation of controls for flea beetle on eggplant in an organic production system. Acta Horticulturae no 638, 341-346.
Epitrix hirtipennis (EPIXPA) Minor
Epitrix papa (EPIXPP) Minor
*  Boavida C, Germain JF (2009) Identification and pest status of two exotic flea beetle species newly introduced in Portugal: Epitrix similaris Gentner and Epitrix cucumeris (Harris). Bulletin OEPP/ EPPO Bulletin 39, 501–508.
------- Adult feeding.

* Boavida C, Giltrap N, Cuthbertson A, Northing P (2013) Epitrix similaris and Epitrix cucumeris in Portugal: damage patterns in potato and suitability of potential host plants for reproduction. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 43, 323–333.
------- Adult and larval feeding in laboratory experiments.
Epitrix subcrinita (EPIXSU) Minor
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- Feeding of adults.
Epitrix tuberis (EPIXTU) Minor
* Clark SM,  LeDoux DG, Seeno TN,  Riley EG,  Gilbert AJ, Sullivan JM (2004) Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada.  Special Publications of the Coleopterists Society, 2, 476 pp.
------- feeding of adults

* Hoerner JL & Gillette CP (1928) The potato flea beetle. Colorado Experiment Station. Entomology Section. Bulletin 337. 
------- feeding of adults
Globodera pallida (HETDPA) Minor
Globodera rostochiensis (HETDRO) Minor
Helicoverpa zea (as Solanaceae) (HELIZE) Minor
Jacobiasca lybica (EMPOLY) Minor
Keiferia lycopersicella (GNORLY) Minor
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (LPTNDE) Minor
Liriomyza huidobrensis (LIRIHU) Minor
Liriomyza sativae (LIRISA) Minor
Liriomyza sativae (as Solanaceae) (LIRISA) Minor
Meloidogyne mali (MELGMA) Minor
Moniliophthora perniciosa (CRNPPE) Minor
Nacobbus aberrans (as Solanum) (NACOBA) Minor
Neoceratitis cyanescens (CERTCY) Minor
Opogona sacchari (OPOGSC) Minor
Pepino mosaic virus (PEPMV0) Minor
Pepper chat fruit viroid (as Solanaceae) (PCFVD0) Minor
Phenacoccus peruvianus (as Solanum) (PHENPR) Minor
Phthorimaea operculella (PHTOOP) Minor
Phyllotreta cruciferae (PHYECR) Minor
Platynota stultana (PLAAST) Minor
Potato black ringspot virus (as Solanum) (PBRSV0) Minor
Potato deforming mosaic virus (Argentina) (as Solanum) (PDMV00) Minor
Potato yellow vein virus (as Solanum) (PYVV00) Minor
Premnotrypes latithorax (as Solanum) (PREMLA) Minor
Premnotrypes sanfordi (as Solanum) (PREMSA) Minor
Premnotrypes solani (as Solanum) (PREMSO) Minor
Premnotrypes suturicallus (as Solanum) (PREMSU) Minor
Premnotrypes vorax (as Solanum) (PREMVO) Minor
Ralstonia solanacearum race 1 (PSDMS1) Minor
Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 (PSDMS3) Minor
Septoria malagutii (as Solanum) (SEPTLM) Minor
Spodoptera eridania (PRODER) Minor
Spodoptera litura (PRODLI) Minor
Synchytrium endobioticum (as Solanum) (SYNCEN) Minor
Thrips palmi (as Solanaceae) (THRIPL) Minor
Tobacco streak ilarvirus potato strain (as Solanum) (TSVP00) Minor
Tomato chlorosis virus (TOCV00) Minor
* Shakeel MT, Al‐Saleh MA, Amer MA, Al‐Shahwan IM, Umar M, Dimou N, Orfanidou CG, Zakri AM, Katis NI (2017) Molecular characterization and natural host range of Tomato chlorosis virus in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Plant Pathology 99, 415–421. http://dx.doi.org/10.4454/jpp.v99i2.3860
------- confirmed host

* Fonseca MEN, Boiteux LS, Lima MF, Mendonça JL, Costa AF, Fontes MG, Costa H, González-Arcos M (2016) First report of Tomato chlorosis virus infecting eggplant and scarlet eggplant in Brazil. Plant Disease 100(4), p 867.
Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (TOLCND) Minor
* Parrella G, Troiano E, Lee S, Kil EJ (2020) Tomato Leaf Curl New Delhi Virus found associated with eggplant yellowing disease in Italy
Plant Disease. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-12-19-2635-PDN
------- confirmed host

* Pratap D, Kashikar AR, Mukherjee SK (2011) Molecular characterization and infectivity of a Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus variant associated with newly emerging yellow mosaic disease of eggplant in India. Virology Journal 8(305) http://www.virologyj.com/content/8/1/305
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV00) Minor
Tomato spotted wilt virus (as Solanaceae) (TSWV00) Minor
Trialeurodes ricini (TRIARI) Minor
Tuta absoluta (GNORAB) Minor
* Idriss GEA, du Plessis H, Khamis FM, Ekesi S, Tanga CM, Mohamed SA (2020) Host range and effects of plant speices on preference and fitness of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 113(3), 1279-1289.
------- Confirmed host.
Aleurodicus dispersus (ALEDDI) Unclassified
Anthonomus eugenii (as Solanum) (ANTHEU) Unclassified
* Elmore JC, Davis AC, Campbell RE (1934) The pepper weevil. USDA Techical Bulletin No. 447.

* Patrock RJ, Schuster DJ (1992) Feeding, oviposition and development of the pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) on selected species of Solanaceae. Tropical Pest Management 38, 65-69.
Anthonomus pulicarius (ANTHPU) Unclassified
Bactrocera tryoni (DACUTR) Unclassified
* Hancock D, Hamacek EL, Lloyd AC, Elson-Harris MM (2000) The distribution and host plants of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Australia. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, 75 pp.

* Leblanc L, Vueti ET, Drew AI, Allwood AJ (2012) Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacini) in the Pacific islands. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Society 44, 11-53.
'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' (as Solanum) (PHYPSO) Unclassified
'Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii' (as Solanum) (PHYPTR) Unclassified
Ceratothripoides brunneus (CRTZBR) Unclassified
Ceratothripoides claratris (CRTZCL) Unclassified
* Steenken N, Halaweh N (2011) Host plant preference study for Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and CaCV (Genus Tospovirus; Family Bunyaviridae) in Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of Entomology 8(2), 198-203.
Cryptoblabes gnidiella (CRYBGN) Unclassified
Dacus ciliatus (DACUCI) Unclassified
* McQuate GT, Liquido NJ, Nakamichi KAA (2018) Host plant records of the lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), Version 1.0. Available online at: USDA Compendium of Fruit Fly Host Information (CoFFHI), Edition 3.1.
Dulcamara mottle virus (as Solanum) (DUMV00) Unclassified
Euzophera osseatella (EUZOOS) Unclassified
Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV00) Unclassified
Halyomorpha halys (HALYHA) Unclassified
Helicoverpa armigera (HELIAR) Unclassified
* Selvamuthukumaran T, Arivudainambi S (2005) Helicoverpa armigera Hübner on brinjal, Solanum melongena Linn. Insect Environment 11(1) p 40.
Lasiodiplodia theobromae (PHYORH) Unclassified
Leucinodes laisalis (LEUILA) Unclassified
Leucinodes ugandensis (as Solanum) (LEUIUG) Unclassified
Meloidogyne graminicola (MELGGC) Unclassified
Pepper chat fruit viroid (PCFVD0) Unclassified
Phenacoccus solenopsis (PHENSO) Unclassified
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica (PHYTNP) Unclassified
Popillia japonica (POPIJA) Unclassified
* INTERNET
Regione Piemonte. Servizio fitosanitario. Lotte obbligatorie - Coleottero scarabeide del Giappone (Popillia japonica Newman). Popillia danni e difesa. https://www.regione.piemonte.it/web/sites/default/files/media/documenti/2019-06/popillia_danni_difesa.pdf
Potato leaflet stunt agent (as Solanum) (POLS00) Unclassified
Potato marginal flavescence agent (as Solanum) (POMF00) Unclassified
Potato mop-top virus (as Solanum) (PMTV00) Unclassified
Potato purple-top roll agent (as Solanum) (POPTR0) Unclassified
Potato virus Y tobacco veinal necrosis strain (as Solanum) (PVYN00) Unclassified
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (PSEAPE) Unclassified
Rotylenchulus reniformis (ROTYRE) Unclassified
Scrobipalpa aptatella (PHTOHE) Unclassified
Spodoptera frugiperda (LAPHFR) Unclassified
* Montezano DG, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez DR, Roque-Specht VF, Sousa-Silva JC, Paula-Moraes SV, Peterson JA, Hunt T (2018) Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology 26, 286-300.
Thrips setosus (THRISE) Unclassified
Tobacco rattle virus (as Solanum) (TRV000) Unclassified
Tomato black ring virus (as Solanum) (TBRV00) Unclassified
Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (TOBRFV) Unclassified
* NPPO of Mexico (EPPO RS 2019/192)
Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid (TCDVD0) Unclassified
* Gramazio P, Lerma MD, Villanueva G, Vilanova S, García‐Fortea E, Mangino G, Figas MR, Arrones A, Alonso D, San Bautista A, Soler S, Prohens J, Plazas M. (2019). Detection, molecular characterisation and aspects involving the transmission of tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid in eggplant. Annals of Applied Biology 175(2), 172–183. https://doi.org/10.1111/aab.12527
------- Confirmed host, first report of eggplant as natural host (asymptomatic)
Tomato mild mottle virus (TOMMOV) Unclassified
* Dombrowsky A, Sapkota R, Lachman O, Pearlsman M, Antignus Y (2013) A new aubergine disease caused by a whitefly-borne strain of Tomato mild mottle virus (TomMMoV).  Plant Pathology 62(4), 750-759.
Globodera pallida (as Solanum) (HETDPA) Wild/Weed
Globodera rostochiensis (as Solanum) (HETDRO) Wild/Weed
Heterodera glycines (as Solanaceae) (HETDGL) Wild/Weed
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (as Solanaceae) (LPTNDE) Wild/Weed
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (as Solanum) (LPTNDE) Wild/Weed
Potato virus T (as Solanum) (PVT000) Wild/Weed
Potato yellow dwarf nucleorhabdovirus (as Solanaceae) (PYDV00) Wild/Weed
Potato yellow dwarf nucleorhabdovirus (as Solanum) (PYDV00) Wild/Weed
Potato yellowing virus (as Solanum) (PYV000) Wild/Weed
Puccinia pittieriana (as Solanum) (PUCCPT) Wild/Weed
Stagonosporopsis andigena (as Solanaceae) (PHOMAN) Wild/Weed
Stagonosporopsis andigena (as Solanum) (PHOMAN) Wild/Weed
Thecaphora solani (as Solanum) (THPHSO) Wild/Weed
Xanthomonas vesicatoria (as Solanum) (XANTVE) Wild/Weed