EPPO Global Database

Raffaelea lauricola(RAFFLA)

Distribution details in United States of America

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2020: Present, restricted distribution
From CABI Disease map 1170 (2015): Present, restricted distribution
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2014/086) : addition to the EPPO Alert List.

EPPO Reporting Service (2004/171) : found in one Laurus nobilis tree in Florida.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/070) : found in 2014 together with its vector (Xyleborus glabratus) in Northern Louisiana (Lincoln, Clairborne and Union parishes) on Sassafras albidum.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/162) : found in 2015 in Texas (Hardin and Jasper counties) on Persea borbonia (redbay).

EPPO Reporting Service (2017/072) : found in 2015 in Arkansas on Sassafras albidum near Warren (Bradley county).

Found in 2019 in Sassafras albidum in north-central Tennessee (Montgomery, Williamson, and Dickson counties) and southwestern Kentucky (Christian, Todd, and Logan counties). The vector, Xyleborus glabratus, was also observed.
References
* Bates CA, Fraedrich SW, Harrington TC, Cameron RS, Menard RD, Best GS (2013) First report of laurel wilt, caused by Raffaelea lauricola, on sassafras (Sassafras albidum) in Alabama. Plant Disease 97(5), p 688.

* Fraedrich SW, Harrington TC, Bates CA, Johnson J, Reid LS, Best GS, Leininger TD, Hawkins TS (2011) Susceptibility to laurel wilt and disease incidence in two rare plant species, pondberry and pondspice. Plant Disease 95(9), 1056-1062.

* Fraedrich SW, Johnson JW, Menard RD, Harrington TC, Olatinwo R, Best GS (2015) First report of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and laurel wilt in Louisiana, USA: the disease continues westward on sassafras. Florida Entomologist 98(4), 1266-1268.

* Hughes MA, Black A, Smith JA (2014) First report of laurel wilt caused by Raffaelea lauricola on bay laurel (Laurus nobilis) in the United States. Plant Disease 98(8), p 1159.

* Hughes MA, Shin K, Eickwort J, Smith JA (2012) First report of laurel wilt disease caused by Raffaelea lauricola on silk bay in Florida. Plant Disease 96(6), p 910-911.

* INTERNET
USDA-Forest Service. Forest Health Protection, Southern Region. Laurel wilt. Distribution map. http://www.fs.fed.us/r8/foresthealth/laurelwilt/dist_map.shtml

* Loyd AL, Chase KD, Nielson A, Hoover N, Dreaden TJ, Mayfield AE, Crocker E, Fraedrich SW (2020) First report of laurel wilt caused by Raffaelea lauricola on Sassafras albidum in Tennessee and Kentucky. Plant Disease 104(2), p 567.

* Olatinwo R, Barton C, Fraedrich SW, Johnson W, Hwang J (2016) First report of laurel wilt, caused by Raffaelea lauricola, on sassafras (Sassafras albidum) in Arkansas. Plant Disease 100(11), p 2331.

* Riggins JJ, Fraedrich SW, Harrington TC (2011) First report of laurel wilt caused by Raffaelea lauricola on sassafras in Mississippi. Plant Disease 95(11), p 1479.