EPPO Global Database

Pinus sylvestris(PIUSI)

Pests

Organism Type
Chionaspis pinifoliae (PHECPI) Alternate
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/
Melampsora medusae (as Pinus) (MELMME) Alternate
Melampsora medusae f. sp. deltoidis (as Pinus) (MELMMD) Alternate
Arceuthobium americanum (as Pinus) (AREAM) Host
Arceuthobium campylopodum (as Pinus) (ARECP) Host
Arceuthobium laricis (as Pinus) (ARELA) Host
Arceuthobium occidentale (as Pinus) (AREOC) Host
Arceuthobium pusillum (as Pinus) (AREPU) Host
Arceuthobium vaginatum (as Pinus) (AREVA) Host
Atropellis pinicola (ATRPPC) Host
Atropellis pinicola (as Pinus) (ATRPPC) Host
Atropellis piniphila (as Pinus) (ATRPPP) Host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (as Pinus) (BURSXY) Host
Cacopsylla melanoneura (PSYLME) Host
Chionaspis pinifoliae (as Pinus) (PHECPI) Host
* INTERNET
ScaleNet. Chionaspis pinifoliae. http://scalenet.info/catalogue/Chionaspis%20pinifoliae/
Choristoneura fumiferana (as Pinus) (CHONFU) Host
Choristoneura lambertiana (as Pinus) (TORTLA) Host
Coniferiporia weirii (as Pinaceae) (INONWE) Host
Cronartium coleosporioides (as Pinus) (CRONCL) Host
Cronartium comandrae (CRONCO) Host
Cronartium comandrae (as Pinus) (CRONCO) Host
Cronartium comptoniae (CRONCP) Host
Cronartium comptoniae (as Pinus) (CRONCP) Host
Cronartium flaccidum (as Pinus) (CRONFL) Host
Cronartium fusiforme (as Pinus) (CRONFU) Host
Cronartium harknessii (ENDCHA) Host
Cronartium harknessii (as Pinus) (ENDCHA) Host
Cronartium himalayense (as Pinus) (CRONHI) Host
Cronartium kamtschaticum (as Pinus) (CRONKA) Host
Cronartium quercuum (CRONQU) Host
Cronartium quercuum (as Pinus) (CRONQU) Host
Dendroctonus adjunctus (as Pinus) (DENCAD) Host
Dendroctonus brevicomis (as Pinus) (DENCBR) Host
Dendroctonus frontalis (as Pinus) (DENCFR) Host
Dendroctonus micans (DENCMI) Host
* Grégoire JC (1988) The greater European spruce beetle. In: Dynamics of forest insect populations (Ed. by Berryman A) Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, USA. pp. 455-478.

* Voolma K (1993) The occurrence of the great European spruce bark beetle, Dendroctonus micans Kug. (Coleoptera, Scolytidae), as a pest of Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris L. Metsanduslikud Uurimused 26, 113-124.
Dendroctonus ponderosae (as Pinus) (DENCPO) Host
Dendroctonus valens (DENCVA) Host
Dendroctonus valens (as Pinus) (DENCVA) Host
Dendrolimus sibiricus (as Pinus) (DENDSI) Host
Dendrolimus spectabilis (as Pinus) (DENDSC) Host
Dendrolimus superans (as Pinus) (DENDSU) Host
Dothistroma septosporum (SCIRPI) Host
* Ortíz de Urbina E, Mesanza N, Aragonés A, Raposo R, Elvira-Recuenco M, Boqué R, Patten C, Aitken J, Iturritxa E (2017) Emerging needle blight diseases in Atlantic Pinus ecosystems of Spain. Forests, 8, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.3390/f8010018
------- confirmed host
Dothistroma septosporum (as Pinus) (SCIRPI) Host
Elasmopalpus lignosellus (as Pinus) (ELASLI) Host
* Dixon WN (1982) Lesser cornstalk borer, Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services no 236, 2 pp.
Epiphyas postvittana (as Pinus) (TORTPO) Host
Fusarium circinatum (GIBBCI) Host
* Drenkhan R, Ganley B, Martín-García J, Vahalík P, Adamson K, Adamčíková K, Ahumada R, Blank L et al. (2020) Global geographic distribution and host range of Fusarium circinatum, the causal agent of pine pitch canker. Forests 11(7), 724. 

* Iturritxa E, Ganley RJ, Raposo R, Garcia-Serna I, Mesanza N, Kirkpatrick SC, Gordon TR (2013) Resistance levels of Spanish conifers against Fusarium circinatum and Diplodia pinea. Forest Pathology. doi: 10.1111/efp.12061
------- Moderate susceptibility during inoculation experiments.
Gnathotrichus sulcatus (as Pinaceae) (GNAHSU) Host
Gremmeniella abietina (as Pinus) (GREMAB) Host
Heterobasidion irregulare (as Pinus) (HETEIR) Host
Hylurgus ligniperda (as Pinus) (HYLGLI) Host
Ips amitinus (as Pinus) (IPSXAM) Host
Ips calligraphus (as Pinus) (IPSXCA) Host
Ips confusus (as Pinus) (IPSXCO) Host
Ips duplicatus (IPSXDU) Host
Ips duplicatus (as Pinus) (IPSXDU) Host
Ips grandicollis (as Pinus) (IPSXGR) Host
Ips hauseri (as Pinus) (IPSXHA) Host
* Douglas HB, Cognato AI, Grebennikov V, Savard K (2019) Dichotomous and matrix-based keys to the Ips bark beetles of the World (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 38, 234 pp. http://cjai.biologicalsurvey.ca/dcgs_38/factsheets/Ips_hauseri.pdf
Ips lecontei (as Pinus) (IPSXLE) Host
Ips pini (as Pinus) (IPSXPI) Host
Ips plastographus (as Pinus) (IPSXPL) Host
Ips sexdentatus (IPSXSE) Host
* EFSA (2017) Scientific Opinion on the pest categorisation of Ips sexdentatus. EFSA Journal 15(11),4999, 28 pp. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5000
------ Pinus sylvestris and  Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica.

* Izhevsky SS, Nikitsky NB, Volkov OG, Dolgin MM (2005) [Illustrated guide to coleopteran - xylophagous pests of forests and timber of Russia]. Tula, Grif and Co, 220 pp (in Russian).

* Roganovic D (2013) Bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scotylidae) of Montenegro. Agriculture & Forestry 59(3), 109-117.

* Romero SL, Ochoa PR, Bilbao JCI, Lafuente AG (2007) Los escolítidos de las coníferas del País Vasco. Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco, 189 pp.

* Sarikaya O, Avci M (2011) Bark beetle fauna (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) of the coniferous forests in the Mediterranean region of Western Turkey, with a new record for Turkish fauna. Turkish Journal of Zoology 35(1), 33-47.

* Wang X, Xu L, Zhan G, Li B, Chang H, Hu M, Qin H (2011) [Effect of X-ray (9 MeV) irradiation on the development and propagation of Ips sexdentatus]. Plant Quarantine (Shanghai), 25, 28–31 (in Chinese).
------ Pinus sylvestris and  Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica.
Ips subelongatus (IPSXFA) Host
Ips subelongatus (as Pinus) (IPSXFA) Host
Ips typographus (IPSXTY) Host
Lecanosticta acicola (as Pinus) (SCIRAC) Host
Leptoglossus occidentalis (as Pinus) (LEPLOC) Host
Malacosoma disstria (as Pinus) (MALADI) Host
Marchalina hellenica (MARCHE) Host
Megaplatypus mutatus (as Pinus) (PLTPMU) Host
* Giménez RA, Etiennot AE (2003) Host range of Platypus mutatus. Entomotropica 18, 89–94.
Monochamus alternatus (as Pinus) (MONCAL) Host
Monochamus carolinensis (as Pinus) (MONCCA) Host
Monochamus mutator (as Pinus) (MONCMC) Host
Monochamus nitens (as Pinus) (MONCNI) Host
Monochamus obtusus (as Pinus) (MONCOB) Host
Monochamus saltuarius (as Pinus) (MONCSL) Host
Monochamus scutellatus (as Pinus) (MONCST) Host
Monochamus sutor (as Pinus) (MONCSU) Host
Monochamus titillator (as Pinus) (MONCTI) Host
Monochamus urussovi (as Pinus) (MONCUR) Host
Oemona hirta (as Pinus) (OEMOHI) Host
Ophiostoma wageneri (as Pinus) (LEPGWA) Host
Orgyia leucostigma (as Pinus) (HEMELE) Host
* Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2010) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts.
Phytophthora cinnamomi (as Pinaceae) (PHYTCN) Host
Pissodes castaneus (as Pinus) (PISONO) Host
Pissodes nemorensis (PISONE) Host
Pissodes nemorensis (as Pinus) (PISONE) Host
Pissodes strobi (PISOST) Host
Pissodes strobi (as Pinus) (PISOST) Host
Platynota stultana (as Pinus) (PLAAST) Host
Polygraphus proximus (POLGPR) Host
* Kerchev (2014) Ecology of Four Eyed Fir Bark Beetle Polygraphus proximus Blandford (Coleoptera; Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in the West Siberian Region of Invasion. Russian Journal of Biological Invasions, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 176–185. DOI: 10.1134/S2075111714030072
-------- observed once on a storm-damaged branch of Pinus sylvestris
Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae (CERSPD) Host
Pseudocercospora pini-densiflorae (as Pinus) (CERSPD) Host
Rhyacionia buoliana (as Pinus) (EVETBU) Host
Rotylenchus buxophilus (as Pinus) (HELYBU) Host
Sirex ermak (as Pinus) (SIRXER) Host
Sirex noctilio (as Pinus) (SIRXNO) Host
Tetropium gracilicorne (as Pinus) (TETOGR) Host
Trichoferus campestris (as Pinus) (HESOCA) Host
* CAPS (2019) Trichoferus campestris. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey pest datasheets. http://download.ceris.purdue.edu/file/3869
------- Living host.
Trioza apicalis (TRIZAP) Host
Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (as Pinus) (TYLRCL) Host
Xylosandrus compactus (as Pinus) (XYLSCO) Host
Xylosandrus germanus (XYLBGE) Host
Arceuthobium pini (AREPI) Major host
Bursaphelenchus mucronatus (as Pinus) (BURSMU) Major host
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (BURSXY) Major host
* Dropkin VH, Foudin AS (1979) Report of the occurrence of Bursaphelenchus lignicolus-induced pine wilt disease in Missouri. Plant Disease Reporter 63(11), 904-905.

* Dropkin VH, Foudin A, Kondo E, Linit M, Smith M, Robbins K (1981) Pinewood nematode: a threat to US forests? Plant Disease 65(12), 1022-1027.

* Malek RB, Appleby JE (1984) Epidemiology of pine wilt in Illinois. Plant Disease 68(3), 180-186.
Cronartium flaccidum (CRONFL) Major host
Dendrolimus pini (DENDPI) Major host
Gremmeniella abietina (GREMAB) Major host
Heterobasidion irregulare (HETEIR) Major host
Ips amitinus (IPSXAM) Major host
* Pavlovskij EN (1955) Vrediteli lesa [Forest pests]. Isd. Akad. Nauk SSSR Moskva [in Russian]. 

* Witrylak W (2008) Studies of the biology, ecology, phenology, and economic importance of Ips amitinus (Eichh.) (Col., Scolytidae) in experimental forests of Krynica (Beskid Sadecki, southern Poland). Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Silvarum Colendarum Ratio et Industria Lignaria, 7 (1), 75-92.
Ips hauseri (IPSXHA) Major host
* Lynch AM, Mukhamadiev NS, O’Connor CD, Panyushkina IP, Ashikbaev NA, Sagitov AO (2019) Tree-ring reconstruction of bark beetle disturbances in the Picea schrenkiana Fisch. et Mey. Forests of Southeast Kazakhstan. Forests 10, 912. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10100912 

* Orlinski AD (2006) Outcomes of the EPPO project on quarantine pests for forestry. EPPO Bulletin 36, 497-511.

* Prutenskii DI, Romanenko KE (1954) [Ips hauseri. Its role and importance for the death of forests of Picea schrenkiana and Pinus sylvestris in Kirgizia]. In: Proceedings of the Institute of Botany & Plant Industry, Izdatel’stvo Kirgizskogo Otdeleniya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Frunze (KG), 1, 177–191 (in Russian).
Lecanosticta acicola (SCIRAC) Major host
* Oskay F, Laas M, Mullett M, Lehtijärvi A, Doğmuş-Lehtijärvi HT, Woodward S, Drenkhan R (2020) First report of Lecanosticta acicola on pine and non-pine hosts in Turkey. Forest Pathology 50, e12654. https://doi.org/10.1111/efp.12654
Leptoglossus occidentalis (LEPLOC) Major host
Monochamus galloprovincialis (MONCGA) Major host
Monochamus galloprovincialis (as Pinus) (MONCGA) Major host
Monochamus sutor (MONCSU) Major host
* Lim J, Jung S-Y, Lim J-S, Jang J, Kim K-M, Lee Y-M, Lee B-W (2014) A review of host plants of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) with new host records for fourteen Cerambycids, including the Asian longhorn beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), in Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53(2), 111-133.
Pissodes castaneus (PISONO) Major host
Rhyacionia buoliana (EVETBU) Major host
Tetropium gracilicorne (TETOGR) Major host
Thaumetopoea pityocampa (THAUPI) Major host
* Démolin G (1969) Comportement des adultes de Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff. Dispersion spatiale, importance économique. Annales des Sciences Forestières 26, 81-102.