EPPO Global Database

Phytophthora ramorum(PHYTRA)

Distribution details in Spain

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2017: Present, few occurrences
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, only in some parts of the Member State concerned (2017-12)
From CABI Disease map 978 (2013): Present, few occurrences
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2002/160) : found on rhododendron in Mallorca (Islas Baleares).

EPPO Reporting Service (2003/133) : also in Galicia on Camellia and Rhododendron.

EPPO Reporting Service (2004/172) : in a survey in 2003, found in 75 samples from ornamental nurseries in Galicia, on Camellia, Viburnum and Rhododendron.

EPPO Reporting Service (2005/050) : Asturias, Islas Baleares. Under official control. Absent from País Vasco.

EPPO Reporting Service (2007/137) : Asturias outbreak eradicated. Now found in Pais Vasco.

From NPPO (2017): isolated findings were made in 2017 - 1 Rhododendron plant in a garden centre in the municipality of Burlada (Navarra), 1 Viburnum tinus plants in a nursery in Sils (Cataluña), 1 Rhododendron plant in a garden center in Aranguren (Navarra). All infected plants were destroyed.
References
* Anonymous (2004) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2004. Phytoma-España no. 168, 17-58 and no. 169, 16-55.

* Anonymous (2007) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2006. Phytoma-España no. 187, 19-52 and no. 188, 16-56.

* Moralejo, E. (2002) First report of Phytophthora ramorum on Rhododendron sp. in Spain. Plant Disease 86(9), 1052.

* NPPO of Spain (2003-09, 2011-06, 2017-12).

* Pérez-Sierra A, Alvarez LA, Vercauteren A, Heungens K, Abad-Campos (2011) Genetic diversity, sensitivity to phenylamide fungicides and aggressiveness of Phytophthora ramorum on Camellia, Rhododendron and Viburnum plants in Spain Plant Pathology 60(6), 1069-1076.
------ Surveys from 2003 to 2008, detected on Rhododendron, Virubnum, Camellia in several ornamental nurseries in northern Spain, eradication measures were taken in each cases.

* Pintos Varela, C.; Mansilla Vázquez, J.P.; Aguín Casal, O. (2004) Phytophthora ramorum nuevo patógeno en España sobre Camellia japonica y Viburnum tinus. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal – Plagas, 30(1), 97-111.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Present, restricted distribution view...
Portugal Present, few occurrences view...