Phytophthora ramorum eradicated from Spain
In Spain, Phytophthora ramorum (EPPO A2 List) has occasionally been found since the 2000s in nurseries on the mainland (EPPO RS 2003/133, RS 2004/172, RS 2005/050, RS 2007/137). From 2011 to 2017 it had been detected in the autonomous communities of País Vasco (4 outbreaks), Galicia (3 outbreaks), Navarra (2 outbreaks), and Cataluña (1 outbreak). All cases have been subject to eradication measures. The NPPO of Spain recently informed the EPPO Secretariat that all those outbreaks have been eradicated and that official annual surveys have not detected P. ramorum since 2017.
In Islas Baleares, P. ramorum had been found on rhododendron in two nurseries in the framework on a scientific study in 2002 in Mallorca (RS 2002/160). The infected material was immediately destroyed and since 2002, P. ramorum has not been detected in annual surveys carried out on consignments, in registered professional operations, public parks and gardens, and forests. These surveys involved 56 374 visual examinations and 501 samples analyzed during the period 2008-2021. This outbreak is also declared eradicated.
The pest status of Phytophthora ramorum in Spain is officially declared as: Absent, pest eradicated.
NPPO of Spain (2021-08).