EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus'(LIBEAS)

Hosts

Important note about the classification of host plants in GD:
Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to a qualitative evaluation of the importance of the host plant for the pest concerned and remain indicative only.
Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Citrus reticulata (CIDRE) Major host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 
Citrus sinensis (CIDSI) Major host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Kaipeng DL, Karmakar K, Ghosh S, Rahaman L, Nath N, Sharma BK (2017) Huanglongbing: causal disease for decline of Citrus reticulata and Citrus macroptera production in Tripura, Northeast Asia. Journal of Plant Pathology 99(1), 273-278.
------- Causing severe decline in Tripura on Citrus reticulata and C. macroptera.

* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 
Citrus x tangelo (CIDRP) Major host
* Chen J, Deng X, Sun X, Jones D, Irey M, Civerolo E (2010) Guangdong and Florida populations of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ distinguished by a genomic locus with short tandem repeats. Phytopathology 100(6), 567-572.
Cleome rutidosperma (CLERT) Wild/Weed
* Brown SE, Oberheim AP, Barrett, McLaughlin (2011) First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' associated with huanglongbing in the weeds Cleome rutidosperma, Pisonia aculeata and Trichostigma octandrum in Jamaica. New Disease Reports 24, 25.
http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=024025
Pisonia aculeata (PISAC) Wild/Weed
* Brown SE, Oberheim AP, Barrett, McLaughlin (2011) First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' associated with huanglongbing in the weeds Cleome rutidosperma, Pisonia aculeata and Trichostigma octandrum in Jamaica. New Disease Reports 24, 25.
http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=024025
Trichostigma octandrum (TSGOC) Wild/Weed
* Brown SE, Oberheim AP, Barrett, McLaughlin (2011) First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' associated with huanglongbing in the weeds Cleome rutidosperma, Pisonia aculeata and Trichostigma octandrum in Jamaica. New Disease Reports 24, 25.
http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=024025
Atalantia buxifolia (SEVBU) Host
* Deng X, Lou Z, Feng Z, Li H, Chen J, Civerolo EL (2008) First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ from Atalantia buxifolia in Guangdong, China. Plant disease 92(2), 314.

* Hung TH, Wu ML, Su HJ (2000) Identification of alternative hosts of the fastidious bacterium causing citrus greening disease. Journal of Phytopathology, 148(6), 321-326.
------ as Severinia buxifolia. Noted as 'as good host as citrus'.
Balsamocitrus dawei (BCUDA) Host
* ANSES (2019) Maladie du huanglongbing. Analyse du risque phytosanitaire pour l’Union européenne. ANSES, Maisons-Alfort, France, 278 pp.

* Beattie GAC, Barkley P (2009) Huanglongbing and its vectors. A pest specific contingency plan for the citrus and nursery and garden industries, Version 2: 10 February 2009, 272 pp.
Citroncirus (1CJCG) Host
Citroncirus webberi (CJCWE) Host
* ANSES (2019) Maladie du huanglongbing. Analyse du risque phytosanitaire pour l’Union européenne. ANSES, Maisons-Alfort, France, 278 pp.

* Beattie GAC, Barkley P (2009) Huanglongbing and its vectors. A pest specific contingency plan for the citrus and nursery and garden industries, Version 2: 10 February 2009, 272 pp.
Citrus (1CIDG) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.
Citrus amblycarpa (CIDAY) Host
* ANSES (2019) Maladie du huanglongbing. Analyse du risque phytosanitaire pour l’Union européenne. ANSES, Maisons-Alfort, France, 278 pp.

* Beattie GAC, Barkley P (2009) Huanglongbing and its vectors. A pest specific contingency plan for the citrus and nursery and garden industries, Version 2: 10 February 2009, 272 pp.

* Wirawan IGP, Dewi PA, Wijaya IN, Adiartayasa W (2019) Detection of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus in the relatively new area of citrus plantation (Citrus spp.) in the absent of insect vector Diaphorina citri Kuw in Taro Village, Gianyar, Bali, Indonesia. [AIP Conference Proceedings], 2199(20004) , USA: AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.5141282
Citrus aurantiifolia (CIDAF) Host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 
Citrus aurantium (CIDAU) Host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.
Citrus hystrix (CIDHY) Host
* Li W, Levy L, Hartung JS (2009) Quantitative distribution of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ in citrus plants with citrus huanglongbing. Phytopathology, 99(2), 139-144.
Citrus jambhiri (CIDJA) Host
* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 

* Lin CY, Tsai CH, Tien HJ, Wu ML, Su HJ, Hung TH (2017) Quantification and ecological study of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ in citrus hosts, rootstocks and the Asian citrus psyllid. Plant Pathology 66(9), 1555-1568.
Citrus junos (CIDJU) Host
* Katoh H, Miyata SI, Inoue H, Iwanami T (2014) Unique features of a Japanese ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ strain revealed by whole genome sequencing. PloS one, 9(9), e106109.
Citrus limettioides (CIDLT) Host
* Li W, Levy L, Hartung JS (2009) Quantitative distribution of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ in citrus plants with citrus huanglongbing. Phytopathology, 99(2), 139-144.
Citrus limon (CIDLI) Host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 
Citrus limonimedica (CIDMS) Host
* Deng X, Chen J, Shan Z, Zhou G, Li H, Civerolo EL (2008) Identification of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ from Foshou (Citrus medica) in China. Plant Pathology 57(2) p 365.
------- as Citrus medica var. sarcodactylus.
Citrus macroptera (CIDMP) Host
* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 

* Kaipeng DL, Karmakar K, Ghosh S, Rahaman L, Nath N, Sharma BK (2017) Huanglongbing: causal disease for decline of Citrus reticulata and Citrus macroptera production in Tripura, Northeast Asia. Journal of Plant Pathology 99(1), 273-278.
------- Causing severe decline in Tripura on Citrus reticulata and C. macroptera.
Citrus maxima (CIDGR) Host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Singh YH, Sharma SK, Sinha B, Baranwal VK, Singh NB, Chanu NT, Roy SS, Ansari MA, Ningombam A, Devi PS, Das AK, Singh S, Singh KM, Prakash N (2019) Genetic variability based on tandem repeat numbers in a genomic locus of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' prevalent in North East India. Plant Pathology Journal 35(6), 644-653. 
Citrus medica (CIDME) Host
* Doe D, Om N, Dorji C, Dorji T, Garnier M, Jagoueix-Eveillard S, Bové JM (2003) First report of “Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus”, the agent of citrus Huanglongbing (ex-greening) in Bhutan. Plant disease 87(4), 448.
Citrus paradisi (CIDPA) Host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Hoffman MT, Doud MS, Williams L, Zhang MQ, Ding F, Stover E, Hall D, Zhang S, Jones L, Gooch M, Fleites L (2013) Heat treatment eliminates ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ from infected citrus trees under controlled conditions. Phytopathology 103(1), 15-22.
Citrus volkameriana (CIDVO) Host
* Hoffman MT, Doud MS, Williams L, Zhang MQ, Ding F, Stover E, Hall D, Zhang S, Jones L, Gooch M, Fleites L (2013) Heat treatment eliminates ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ from infected citrus trees under controlled conditions. Phytopathology 103(1), 15-22.
Citrus x limonia (CIDLO) Host
* Ghosh DK, Bhose S, Motghare M, Warghane A, Mukherjee K, Ghosh DK Sr, Sharma AK, Ladaniya MS, Gowda S (2015) Genetic diversity of the Indian populations of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' based on the tandem repeat variability in a genomic locus. Phytopathology 105(8), 1043-1049.

* Lin CY, Tsai CH, Tien HJ, Wu ML, Su HJ, Hung TH (2017) Quantification and ecological study of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ in citrus hosts, rootstocks and the Asian citrus psyllid. Plant Pathology 66(9), 1555-1568.
Citrus x nobilis (CIDNO) Host
* Wirawan IGP, Dewi PA, Wijaya IN, Adiartayasa W (2019) Detection of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus in the relatively new area of citrus plantation (Citrus spp.) in the absent of insect vector Diaphorina citri Kuw in Taro Village, Gianyar, Bali, Indonesia. [AIP Conference Proceedings], 2199(20004) , USA: AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.5141282
Clausena indica (CUSIN) Host
* Miyakawa T, Yuan ZX (1990) Citrus host range of greening disease. In Proc. 4th International Asia Pacific Conference on Citrus Rehabilitation. FAO-UNDP 1990 Feb (pp. 118-121).
Clausena lansium (CUSLA) Host
* Deng X, Zhou G, Li H, Chen J, Civerolo EL (2007) Detection of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus from wampee (Clausena lansium Skeels) by nested PCR. Plant Health Progress 8(1), 53.
Fortunella (1FOLG) Host
Fortunella margarita (FOLMA) Host
* Tsai CH, Su HJ, Liao YC, Hung TH (2006) First report of the causal agent of huanglongbing (‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’) infecting kumquat in Taiwan. Plant Disease 90(10), 1360.
Limonia acidissima (FEOLI) Host
* Hung TH, Wu ML, Su HJ (2000) Identification of alternative hosts of the fastidious bacterium causing citrus greening disease. Journal of Phytopathology, 148(6), 321-326.
------- transient host in which the bacterium exists temporarily and disappears after a few months (5 to 10 months)
Murraya paniculata (MUYPA) Host
* Cifuentes-Arenas JC, Beattie GAC, Peña L, Aparecido Lopes S (2019) Murraya paniculata and Swinglea glutinosa as Short-Term Transient Hosts of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ and Implications for the Spread of Huanglongbing. Phytopathology 109:12, 2064-2073. DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO-06-19-0216-R
------- Infections in M. paniculata were transient. Very few insects that successfully acquired Las from M. paniculata were able to transmit the pathogen to healthy citrus.  However these plants could eventually serve as carriers of Las to regions currently free from HLB.

* Lopes SA, Frare GF, Camargo LEA, Wulff NA, Teixeira DC, Bassanezi RB, Beattie GAC & Ayres AJ (2010) Liberibacters associated with orange jasmine in Brazil: incidence in urban areas and relatedness to citrus liberibacters. Plant Pathology 59, 1044-1053. 
Poncirus trifoliata (PMITR) Host
* Boava LP, Sagawa CH, Cristofani-Yaly M, Machado MA. (2015)Incidence of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’-infected plants among citrandarins as rootstock and scion under field conditions. Phytopathology 105(4), 518-24.
------ considered as tolerant/resistant to HLB.
Rutaceae (1RUTF) Host
Swinglea glutinosa (SWNGL) Host
* Cifuentes-Arenas JC, Beattie GAC, Peña L, Aparecido Lopes S (2019) Murraya paniculata and Swinglea glutinosa as Short-Term Transient Hosts of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ and Implications for the Spread of Huanglongbing. Phytopathology 109:12, 2064-2073. DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO-06-19-0216-R
------- Infections in S. glutinosa were transient. Very few insects that successfully acquired Las from S. glutinosa were able to transmit the pathogen to healthy citrus.  However these plants could eventually serve as carriers of Las to regions currently free from HLB.
Toddalia (1TDDG) Host
x Citrofortunella microcarpa (CJFMI) Host
* Lin CY, Tsai CH, Tien HJ, Wu ML, Su HJ, Hung TH (2017) Quantification and ecological study of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ in citrus hosts, rootstocks and the Asian citrus psyllid. Plant Pathology 66(9), 1555-1568.
Catharanthus roseus (CTURO) Experimental
* Garnier M & Bové JM (1983) Transmission of the organism associated with citrus greening disease from sweet orange to periwinkle by dodder. Phytopathology 73, 1358-1363.
------- as Vinca rosea (articifical transmission by Cuscuta sp.
Solanum lycopersicum (LYPES) Experimental
* Duan YP, Gottwald T, Zhou LJ, Gabriel DW (2008) First report of dodder transmission of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' to tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Plant Disease, 92(5), 831. 
Nicotiana glauca (NIOGL) Doubtful host
* Tolba IH, Soliman MA (2015) Citrus huanglongbing (greening disease) in Egypt: symptoms documentation and pathogen detection. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 15(10), 2045-2058.
------- the report on CLas in Egypt has been denied by the NPPO of Egypt, which raises concerns of the validity of the information in this article.
Nicotiana tabacum (NIOTA) Doubtful host
* Tolba IH, Soliman MA (2015) Citrus huanglongbing (greening disease) in Egypt: symptoms documentation and pathogen detection. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 15(10), 2045-2058.
------- the report on CLas in Egypt has been denied by the NPPO of Egypt, which raises concerns of the validity of the information in this article.
Murraya koenigii (MUYKO) Non-host
* Beloti VH, Alves GR, Coletta-Filho HD, Yamamoto PT (2018) The Asian citrus psyllid host Murraya koenigii is immune to citrus huanglongbing pathogen ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’. Phytopathology 108(9), 1089-94