EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus'(LIBEAF)

Hosts

Important note about the classification of host plants in GD:
Categories have been assigned by the EPPO Secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. They correspond to a qualitative evaluation of the importance of the host plant for the pest concerned and remain indicative only.
Further explanation of categories is available in the guide.
Organism Type
Citrus reticulata (CIDRE) Major host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.

* Shimwela MM, Narouei-Khandan HA, Halbert SE, Keremane M., Minsavage GV, Timilsina S, Massawe DP, Jones JB, van Bruggen AHC (2016) First occurrence of Diaphorina citri in East Africa, characterization of the Ca. Liberibacter species causing huanglongbing (HLB) in Tanzania, and potential further spread of D. citri and HLB in Africa and Europe. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 146(2), 349-368. 
Citrus sinensis (CIDSI) Major host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.

* Shimwela MM, Narouei-Khandan HA, Halbert SE, Keremane M., Minsavage GV, Timilsina S, Massawe DP, Jones JB, van Bruggen AHC (2016) First occurrence of Diaphorina citri in East Africa, characterization of the Ca. Liberibacter species causing huanglongbing (HLB) in Tanzania, and potential further spread of D. citri and HLB in Africa and Europe. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 146(2), 349-368. 
Citrus x tangelo (CIDRP) Major host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.
Calodendrum capense (CDDCA) Host
* Garnier M, Jagoueix-Eveillard S, Cronje PR, Le Roux HF, Bove JM (2000) Genomic characterization of a liberibacter present in an ornamental rutaceous tree, Calodendrum capense, in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Proposal of 'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus subsp. capensis'. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 50(6):2119-2125.
------- host of 'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus subsp. capensis' (this subspecies is not found citrus orchards).

* Phahladira MN, Viljoen R, Pietersen G (2012) Widespread occurrence of “Candidatus liberibacter africanus subspecies capensis” in Calodendrum capense in South Africa. European journal of plant pathology 134(1), 39-47.
Citroncirus (1CJCG) Host
Citrus (1CIDG) Host
* Bové JM (2006) Huanglongbing: a destructive, newly emerging, century-old disease of citrus. Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 7-37.

* Rasowo BA, Khamis FM, Mohamed SA, Ajene IJ, Aidoo OF, Ombura L, Sétamou M, Ekesi S, Borgemeister C (2019) African citrus greening disease in east africa: incidence, severity, and distribution patterns. Journal of Economic Entomology 112(5), 2389-2397.
Citrus aurantiifolia (CIDAF) Host
* Fourie P, Kirkman W, Cook G, Steyn C, de Bruyn R, Bester R, Roberts R, DM Bassimba D, José CM, Maree HJ (2020) First report of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter africanus’ associated with African greening of citrus in Angola. Plant Disease 105(2), 486. 

* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.
------- experimental.
Citrus aurantium (CIDAU) Host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.
Citrus jambhiri (CIDJA) Host
* Ding F, Peng S, Hartung JS (2020) Enhanced serologically based detection of Liberibacters associated with Citrus Huanglongbing. Plant Disease 104(6), 1584-1588

* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.
Citrus limettioides (CIDLT) Host
Citrus limon (CIDLI) Host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.

* Shimwela MM, Narouei-Khandan HA, Halbert SE, Keremane M., Minsavage GV, Timilsina S, Massawe DP, Jones JB, van Bruggen AHC (2016) First occurrence of Diaphorina citri in East Africa, characterization of the Ca. Liberibacter species causing huanglongbing (HLB) in Tanzania, and potential further spread of D. citri and HLB in Africa and Europe. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 146(2), 349-368. 
Citrus maxima (CIDGR) Host
Citrus medica (CIDME) Host
Citrus paradisi (CIDPA) Host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.
Citrus x limonia (CIDLO) Host
Clausena anisata (CUSAN) Host
* Roberts R, Steenkamp ET, Pietersen G (2015) Three novel lineages of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter africanus’ associated with native rutaceous hosts of Trioza erytreae in South Africa. International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 65(2), 723-31.
------- host of  'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus subsp. clausenae' .
Fortunella (1FOLG) Host
Poncirus trifoliata (PMITR) Host
* McClean APD & Schwarz RE (1970) Huanglongbing or greening or blotchy-mottle disease of citrus. Phytophylactica 2, 177-194.

Rutaceae (1RUTF) Host
Vepris gerrardii (VEPGE) Host
* Roberts  R, Pietersen G (2016) A novel subspecies of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter africanus’ found on native Teclea gerrardii (Family: Rutaceae)
from South Africa. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 110: 437–444
------- as Teclea gerrardii
Vepris lanceolata (VEPUN) Host
* Korsten L, Jagoueix S, Bové JM, Garnier M (1996) Huanglongbing (greening) detection in South Africa. In International Organization of Citrus Virologists Conference Proceedings (1957-2010) (Vol. 13, No. 13).
------- as Toddalia lanceolata.

* Roberts R, Steenkamp ET, Pietersen G (2015) Three novel lineages of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter africanus’ associated with native rutaceous hosts of Trioza erytreae in South Africa. International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 65(2), 723-31.
------- host of  'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus subsp. vepridis' .
x Citrofortunella microcarpa (CJFMI) Host
Zanthoxylum sp. (ZANSS) Host
* Roberts R, Steenkamp ET, Pietersen G (2015) Three novel lineages of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter africanus’ associated with native rutaceous hosts of Trioza erytreae in South Africa. International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 65(2), 723-31.
------- Zanthoxylum capense host of  'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus subsp. zanthoxyli' .
Catharanthus roseus (CTURO) Experimental