EPPO Global Database

Fusarium circinatum(GIBBCI)

Distribution details in Spain

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2019: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 1995
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, under eradication, only in some parts of the Member State concerned (2019-01)
From CABI Disease map 753 (2012): Present, few occurrences
According to Iturritxa et al. (2013), pitch canker was first found in 1995 in nurseries in Galicia (damaging Pinus radiata and P. halepensis) and then in Asturias. In 1998, it was also found in Pais Vasco. Now considered to be the primary cause of damage to P. radiata in nurseries and plantations in Northern Spain.

EPPO Reporting Service (1999/067) : not confirmed.

EPPO Reporting Service (2005/050) : first validated record, in Asturias on young plants of Pinus radiata and Pinus pinaster. Official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2005/097) : more detailed information on the outbreak.

EPPO Reporting Service (2006/050) : detected in 12 nurseries in Asturias, Cantabria, Castilla y León, Galicia. Also in some plantations. Under eradication.

EPPO Reporting Service (2007/137) : infested plants in Asturias destroyed. Also Pais Vasco.

EPPO Reporting Service (2010/084) : País Vasco (found in 1 nursery, and on P. radiata in forests).

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/162) : País Vasco, surveys (2009 to 2012) detected the pathogen in 15% of the P. radiata plantations studied.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/203) : País Vasco (1 new outbreak found in 2015 in Bizkaia).

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/169) : found in Galicia, Asturias. Under eradication.
* Anonymous (2004) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2004. Phytoma-España no. 168, 17-58 and no. 169, 16-55.

* Anonymous (2007) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2006. Phytoma-España no. 187, 19-52 and no. 188, 16-56.

* Anonymous (2009) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2008. Phytoma-España no. 207, pp 14-50 & 208, pp 36-62 & 209, pp 44-52 & 210, pp 50-55.

* Anonymous (2013) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autonomas en 2012. Phytoma-España no.248, 57-59.
------- Eradication continues in Pais Vasco.

* Anonymous (2016) Incidencia de plagas y enfermedades en las Comunidades Autónomas en 2015. Phytoma-España no. 278, 16-52 and Phytoma-España no. 279, 16-40.

* Bergegal M, Pérez-Sierra A, Armengo J, Grünwald NJ (2013) Evidence for multiple introductions and clonality in Spanish populations of Fusarium circinatum. Phytopathology 103(8), 851-861.
------- Genetic studies carried out on fungal populations in Northern Spain showed that at least 2 separate introductions took place.

* Iturritxa E, Ganley RJ, Wright J, Heppe E, Steenkamp E, Gordon TR, Wingfield MJ (2010) A genetically homogenous population of Fusarium circinatum causes pitch canker of Pinus radiata in the Basque Country, Spain. 115(3), Fungal Biology 288-295.
------ Homogenous population suggesting a recently introduced pathogen.

* Iturritxa E, Ganley RJ, Raposo R, Garcia-Serna I, Mesanza N, Kirkpatrick SC, Gordon TR (2013) Resistance levels of Spanish conifers against Fusarium circinatum and Diplodia pinea. Forest Pathology. doi: 10.1111/efp.12061.

* Iturritxa E, Mesanza N, Brenning A (2015) Spatial analysis of the risk of major forest diseases in Monterey pine plantations. Plant Pathology 64, 880–889.

* Landeras E, García P, Fernández Y, Braña M, Fernández-Alonso O, Méndez-Lodos S, Pérez-Sierra A, León M, Abad-Campos P, Berbegal M, Beltrán R, García-Jiménez J, Armengol J (2005) Outbreak of pitch canker caused by Fusarium circinatum on Pinus spp. in northern Spain. Plant Disease 89(9), p 1015.

* NPPO of Spain (2006-03, 2017-12, 2018-01, 2018-04, 2018-06, 2019-01).
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
France Absent, pest eradicated view...
Portugal Present, few occurrences view...